ENSP 200 B

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Anonymous
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49226
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ENSP 200 B
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2010-11-13 02:38:42
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SSU ENSP 200B
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study guide for test 2
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  1. The correct sequence of layers of the atmosphere from the innermost to the outermost is
    A) mesosphere, stratosphere, thermosphere, troposphere
    B) Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere
    C) Stratosphere, Troposphere, Thermosphere, Mesosphere
    D) Thermosphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Troposphere
    B) Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The atmospheric layer containing all 75% of the mass of earth's air is the
    A) Thermosphere
    B) Troposphere
    C) Mesosphere
    D) Stratosphere
    B) Troposphere
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Stratospheric Ozone is responsible for all of the following except:
    A) Lowering atmospheric water vapor
    B) Helping protect humans from sunburn and cataracts
    C) Screeining out of ultraviolet rays
    D) Allowing the evolution of life on land
    A) Lowering atmospheric water vapor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Human inputs of outdoor air pollutants occur mostly
    A) in urban areas
    B) in the mountains
    C) In the polar regions
    D) in rural valleys
    A) In urban areas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. In India, the "asian Brown cloud" has reduced photosynthesis by what percentage?
    A) 7%
    B) 23%
    C) 14%
    D) 3%
    A) 7%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Primary pollutants from burning coal include all of the following, except:
    A) Ozone
    B) Sulfur dioxide
    C) Carbon dioxide
    D) Soot
    A) Ozone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which is not part of the "Asian Brown Cloud"?
    A) Dust
    B) Ozone
    C) Toxic Metals
    D) Mercury
    B) Ozone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Acid deposition is best classsified as a(n)
    A) International problem
    B) Regional problem
    C) Local problem
    D) State problem
    B) regional problem
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Acid deposition has been linked to
    A) contamination of fish with highly toxic methyl mercury
    B) reduces nutrient uptake by tree roots
    C) weakening trees so they become more susceptible to other types of damage
    D) all of the above
    D) all of the above
  10. If the earth were an apple, the lowest layer of the atmosphere would be the thickness of
    A) The skin
    B) the core
    C) The stem
    D) the part we eat
    A) The skin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Harmful chemicals emitted directly itno the air from natural processes and human activities are called
    A) Secondary pollutants
    B) Smog
    C) Photochemical smog
    D) Primary pollutants
    D) Primary pollutants
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Photochemical smog is characteristic of urban areas with many vehicles and a climate that is
    A) warm, wet, and cloudy
    B) warm, dry, and sunny
    C) cool, wet, and cloudy
    D) cool, dry, and sunny
    B) warm, dry, and sunny
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The people least vulnerable to air pollution are
    A) Pregnant women
    B) Adult males
    C) Elderly people
    D) Infants
    B) Adult males
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The greenhouse effect is best described as
    A) Consensus science
    B) Fantasy
    C) Junk Science
    D) Pioneer Science
    A) Consensus science
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the troposphere at the start of the industrial Revolution was approximately
    A) 310 ppm
    B) 300 ppm
    C) 280 ppm (part per million)
    D) 385 ppm
    C) 280 ppm (part per million)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Acid deposition has been linked to
    A) contamination of fish with highly toxic methyl mercury
    B) excessive soil nitrogen level
    C) weakening trees to they become more susceptible
    D) all of the above are linked to acid deposition
    D) all of the above are linked to acid deposition
  17. Major climate models project all of the following except:
    A) human responsibilty for the changes in temperature
    B) a 2 to 5 degree centigrade rise in earth's mean surface temperature by 2100
    C) The falling of global sea levels
    D) global warming occuring at a rapid rate
    C) the falling of global sea levels
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following best describes the earth's average surface temperature for the past 900,000 years?
    A) fairly steady temperatures until recently
    B) a steady warming trend
    C) Fairly steady with a recent cooling trend
    D) Prolonged periods of cooling and warming
    D) Prolonged period of cooling and warming
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Vladimir Romanovsky is a research expert on
    A) arctic vegetation and ecology
    B) measuring carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
    C) permafrost
    D) shishmaref, Alaska
    C) permafrost
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. A warmer world is least likely to result in
    A) decreased food production
    B) a rise in sea levels
    C) spread of torpical diseases
    D) moderate weather
    D) moderate weather
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The fertility of males in Missouri is being reduced by
    A) Radon gas from the soil
    B) Acid deposition
    C) increased thermal inversion events
    D) agricultural chemicals in drinking water
    A) agricultural chemicals in drinking water
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. climate models predict that global warming will be most sever in which regions?
    A) Asia
    B) South America
    C) Polar Regions
    D) Africa
    C) Polar Regions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. About 1% of the earth's lower atmosphere is composed of all of the following greenhouse gasses except
    A) methane
    B) water vapor
    C) hydrogen
    D) carbon dioxide
    C) hydrogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Climate models indicate that we will have to death with all of the following issues that will result from a rapidly changing climate except
    A) where food can be grown
    B) where people and wildlife will be able to live
    C) what kinds of economics will exist
    D) how much food can be grown
    C) what kinds of economics will exist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. prevention approaches to global warming include all of the following except
    A) reduce deforestation
    B) improve enrgy efficicency
    C) increase beef prduction to strengthen public health
    D) switch to sustainable agriculture
    C) increase beef production to strengthen public health
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. He first recognized the natural greenhouse effect in 1896
    A) James Hansen
    B) Thomas Midgley Jr.
    C) Svante Arrhenius
    D) Ross Gelbspan
    C) Svante Arrhenius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. This dam is key for California's Federal Central Valley Project
    A) Shasta
    B) Oroville
    C) Glen Canyon
    D) Coyote
    A) Shasta
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What percentage of the earth's surface is covered by water?
    A) 67%
    B) 58%
    C) 71%
    D) 86%
    C) 71%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The movement to water in the seas, air, and on land that is driven by solar energy and gravity is called
    A) Fluid mechanics cycle
    B) water treatment cycle
    C) Hydrologic cycle
    D) Hydraulic cycle
    C) Hydrologic cycle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The geologic layer consisting of underground canverns and porous layers of sand, gravel, or bedrock, where groundwater flows, is called
    A) the water table
    B) surface water
    C) the zone of saturation
    D) an aquifer
    D) an aquifer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. which of the following is false?
    A) groundwater is stationary, it does not move
    B) the water table is the top of the zone of saturation
    C) the water table moves down in dry weather
    D) recharging of groundwater is a slow process
    A) groundwater is stationary, it does not move
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. the term subsidence refers to
    A) accumulation of silt behind a dam
    B) sinking of ground when water has been withdrawn
    C) intrusion of salt water into a freshwater aquifer
    D) failure of the groundwater supply
    C) intrusion of salt water into a freshwater aquifer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The main goals of a dam and reservoir include all of the following except
    A) generate electricity
    B) control floods
    C) clean the water
    D) supply water for cities and agriculture
    D) clean the water
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. which of the following is not true of the disaster that befell the aral sea?
    A) caused by a water diversion project
    B) shrinkage of the aral sea has altered local climate
    C) surface level of the sea has dropped by 22 meters
    D) population of local animal species have remained stable
    D) population of local animal species have remained stable
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The watershed that is vital to water supplies for sonoma county is
    A) the sacramento river
    B)The san joaquin river
    C) the russian river
    D) the petaluma river
    C) the russian river
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. A body of water can be depleted of its oxygen by
    A) organic wastes
    B) viruses and parasitic worms
    C) inorganic wastes
    D) sediments and suspended matter
    A) organic wastes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. which of the following is a point source of water pollution?
    A) offshore oil well
    B) logged forest
    C) cropland
    D) livestock feedlot
    A) offshore oil well
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. An oxygen sag curve
    A) may occur upstream from a sewage treatment plant
    B) occur when oxygen demanding wastes are added to the water
    C) develop in fast flowing rivers
    D) occurs during spring floods
    B) occur when oxgyen-demanding wastes are added to the water
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. the natural nutrient enrichment of a shallow lake, estuary, or slow moving stream is called
    A) cultural oligotrophy
    B) spring/fall overturn
    C) upwellings
    D) eutrophication
    D) eutrophication
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. the only effective way to protect groundwater is to
    A) cover all wells carefully
    B) use advanced sewage treatment
    C) prevent contamination
    D) use monitoring wells
    C) prevent contamination
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. the majority of the oil pollution of the ocean comes from
    A) enviornmental terrorism
    B) normal operation of offshore oil wells
    C) runoff from land
    D) tanker accidents
    C) runoff from land
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. which one of the following sewage treatments is properly matched?
    A) Primary (chemical process)
    B) secondary (biological process)
    C) primary (biological process)
    D) secondary (chemical process)
    B) secondary (biological process)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. the greatest marine biodiversity is found
    A) in the deepest regions of the ocean
    B) on the surface of the ocean
    C) in the open ocean
    D) in coral reefs
    C) in coral reefs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. three of the following areas are placed where 90% of all the ocean's fish spawn; one is not such as area. choose the one that is not.
    A) mangrove forest
    B) rivers
    C) ocean bottom
    D) coral reefs
    C) ocean bottom
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. industrialized fishing has become highly mechanized. which of the following is not one of the major methods used to harvest marine fishes?
    A) mist netting
    B) trawler fishing
    C) purse seine fishing
    D) ling lining
    A) mist netting
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Sustainable management of freshwater fishes involves all ofthe following except
    A) supporting introduction of commericially important nonative species
    B) building and stocking reservoirs and farm ponds
    C) supporting populations of commerical and sport fish species
    D) preventing over fishing
    A) supporting introduction of commerically important nonative species
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. which of the following was not shown as one of the strategies for dealing with climate change in the film Global Warming the Sign and the Science?
    A) energy patrols in schools to monitor energy use and change energy behavior
    B) development of artifical trees to remove CO2 from the atmosphere
    C) flooding deserts with seawater to grow saltwater tolerant crops and reduce sea level rise
    D) architects developing urban living spaces that are virtually self-sustaining in energy
    C) flooding deserts with seawater to grow saltwater tolerant crops and reduce sea level rise
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. in the film, everything's cool researchers showed taht the environmental message has been
    A) "who cares about jobs, let's save the trees!"
    B) "i have a nightmare"
    C) "biofuels are the answer to our energy needs"
    D) "2012, december 21, the world will end, so let's party"
    B) "i have a nightmare"
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. He used 19th century water laws to acquire over 1 million acres of agricultural land in the san Joaquin Valley of California
    A) Pat Brown
    B) Jon Muir
    C) Henry Miller
    D) Joaquin Murrietta
    C) Henry Miller
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Today, California's Tulare Lake is known for
    A) Chia aquaculture research
    B) 50 miles if cotton fields along interstate 5
    C) world water skiing championships
    D) striped bass fishing
    B) 50 miles if cotton fields along Interstate 5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. The United State NASA scientist, who first identified CO2 gas in the troposphere as the major greenhouse gas effecting climate change, in 1987, was
    A) Heidi Cullen
    B) Bish Newhauser
    C) Ross Gelbspan
    D) James Hansen
    D) James Hansen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. In the United States, climate change is most evident here
    A) Wailoloa, Hawaii
    B) Shishmaref, Alaska
    C) Bozeman, Montana
    D) French Lick, Indiana
    B) Shishmaref, Alaska
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. The majority of biosolids from the Santa Rosa Laguna Wastewater Treatment plant are
    A) Pumped into a confied aquifer beneath Rohnert Park
    B) Burned
    C) Composted
    D) Land filled
    C) Composted
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. The "Geologic Era" we are living in is now known as
    A) The anthropocene
    B) the Pleistocene
    C) the paleozoic
    D) The carboniferious
    A) the anthropocene
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. The leopard frog, of North America, is being impacted by
    A) Changes in the electromagnetic field shifting across the continent
    B) speculation into chia futures at the Chicoago Commodities Exchange
    C) runoff chemicals/pesticides applied to cornfields
    D) increased ultravoilet radiation as the ozone layer is being thinned
    C) runoff of chemicals/pesticides applied to cornfields
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. monoculture agriculture is a type of
    A) intensive/traditional agriculture
    B) industrialized agriculture
    C) interplanting agriculture
    D) traditional subsistence agriculture
    B) industrialized agriculture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. All of the following are commonly grown in plantation agriculture, except
    A) bananas
    B) sugarcane
    C) potatoes
    D) coffee
    C) potatoes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Three grain crops provide 47% of humanity's food calories. The correct three grains are
    A) rice, wheat, corn
    B) maize, soybeans, cotton
    C) oats, rice, wheat
    D) corn, wheat, oats
    A) rice, wheat, corn
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. A second green revolution has been taking place since 1967, based on
    A) fast growing livestock
    B) extra ling living hogs
    C) fast growing rice and wheat
    D) vitamin enriched soybeans
    C) fast growing rice and wheat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. Repeated irrigation in dry climates leads to soul degradation of the upper layers, a process called
    A) salinization
    B) overgrazing
    C) water logging
    D) Desertification
    A) salinization
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. In alley cropping
    A) a row crop alternates in strips with another row crop
    B) crops are planted across slopes
    C) terraces are built to prevent swift water runoff
    D) crops are planted in strips between trees and shrubs
    D) crops are planted in strips between trees and shrubs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. One of the most important characteristics of a pesticide is how long it will stay deadly in the enviornment, a characteristic called
    A) history
    B) usefulness
    C) persistence
    D) impact
    C) persistence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Which of the following includes all the others?
    A) Rodenticide
    B) insecticide
    C) fungicide
    D) pesticide
    D) pesticide
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. Some traditional subsistence farmers grow several crosp on the same plot simultaneously, a practice known as
    A) monoculture
    B) polyculture
    C) alley cropping
    D) plantation agriculture
    B) polyculture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. In the United States, how much of the original topsoil is gone?
    A) 50%
    B) 25%
    C) 33%
    D) 10%
    C) 33%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Compared to the traditional method of tilling soil, conservation tillage
    A) requries increased use of herbicides
    B) causes soil compaction
    C) reduces fuel and tillage costs
    D) accelerates water loss from the soil
    C) reduces fuel and tillage costs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. President George W. Bush's response of the 1997 Kyoto treaty was
    A) to withdraw the U.S. from participation in the treaty
    B) to demand exclusion of the U.S. on carbon dioxide emissions
    C) to not send the treaty to the Senate for confirmation
    D) to demand charges
    A) to withdraw the U.S. from participation in the treaty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. The "curse of Akkad" resulted from
    A) the loss of Lake Agassiz
    B) Euphrates River dammed upstream by Turks
    C) deforestation of Akkad mountains
    D) all of the above
    A) the loss of Lake Agassiz
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. All of the following have occurred in the news in the past 3 months except
    A) major earthquakes in Chile & China
    B) the larsen B Ice shelf, in antartica, has become unstable with the breakup of an ice bridge that held it in place
    C) iceland volcano erupts
    D) water supplies & snow pack in CA are at all time high levels
    B) the larsen B Ice shelf, in antartica, has become unstable with the breakup of an ice bridge that held it in place
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Farming the open oceans will require this technology
    A) robotic trawlers
    B) aquapods
    C) solar musel shoalers
    D) saltwater corn
    B) aquapods
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. Nitrogen makes up 21% of the air we breathe
    False
  72. Pollution such as the Asian Brown Cloud can be cleared up fairly quickly when standards are set for coal burning industries
    True
  73. Photocehmical smog is a mixture of primary and secondary pollutants formed under the influence of UV radiation from the sun
    True
  74. Wet acid deposition occcurs near the emission source while dry deposition occurs in more distant areas
    False
  75. Indoor air pollution usually poses a much greater threat to human health than outdoor air pollution even in the developed world
    True
  76. Clime change affects only the less developed parts of the planet and will be short term
    False
  77. Svante Arrhenius was the first to discover the gases of the atmosphere
    False
  78. Over the past 50 years, Arctic temepratures have risen almost twice as fast as average temepratures in the rest of the world
    True
  79. Changes in the energy output of the sun and moon are responsible for the majority of the rise in earth's temperature
    False
  80. In a warmer climate the population of humans is likely to decrease in numbers
    True
  81. The United States, China, and Russia (three of the world's major emitters) agreed in Copenhagen last year to particpate in a cap and trade program to slow global warming
    False
  82. A 1 degree Celsius warming is apparently inevitable because we have waited too long to prevent it
    True
  83. Thomnas Midgley Jr discovered the first carbon dioxide in the stratosphere
    False
  84. The ozone hole is a reduction in concentrations of ozone high above the earth in the stratosphere
    True
  85. Swiss camp is the research station that has been monitoring the glaciers in the mountains of Europe
    False
  86. Water is seen more and more as a national security issue
    True
  87. Withdrawing water from a nonrenewable aquifer is equivalent to mining a nonrenewable mineral resource
    True
  88. Government subsideies designed to increase crop production have discouraged depletion of the Ogallala aquifer
    False
  89. Drip irrigation is the most efficient method of delivering water needed for crops
    True
  90. Urban household activities are by far the leading cause of water pollution
    False
  91. Agricultural fields are a major source of non point source pollution for rivers and lakes
    True
  92. The technology to convert sewer water into pure drinking water is inexpensive and faces little oppostion
    False
  93. The heatlh of fisheries in West Africa has little impact on bushmeant or terrestial wildlife populations
    False
  94. Ross Gelbpsn advocates humans need to reduce carbon emissions by 80% to slow climate change
    true
  95. The loss of glaciers in Montana, are affecting the fishing industry because of reduced stream flows and warmer water temperatures
    True
  96. In the 1960's build the CA water project, the atomic energy commision and the university of CA considered using nucelar detonations to build the canals for the project
    True
  97. In canada's st lawrence river, beluga whales are evolving and developing new organs to handle industrial pollution
    False
  98. The majority of wastewater treatment facilities across the U.S. use ultravoilet radiation to disinfect teh treated water before it is released back into the envriornment
    False
  99. At a wastewater treatemnt plant, bacteria in anaerobic digesters produce methance gas in consuming sludge
    True
  100. Today, even as we clean up chemical contamination in the envrionement, endrocine disruption is occuring and resulting in cases of Hypospadles.
    True

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