N202 Skin Hair Nails pgs 1-4

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N202 Skin Hair Nails pgs 1-4
2010-11-13 16:12:49
N202 Skin Hair Nails

N202 Skin Hair Nails pgs 1-4
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  1. epidermis: avascular or vascular
  2. what layer contains nerves, sensory receptors, blood vessels, lymphatics
  3. which glands produce sweat / perspiration (i.e. saline)
  4. eccrine glands mature at what age
    2 mos
  5. apocrine glands are activated at what age
  6. decomposition of ___ sweat produces body odor
  7. sweat glands located in axillae, nipples, areolae, anogenital area, eyelids, ears
  8. secretion of ___ glands decreases with aging
  9. glands that lubricate skin and nails
  10. glands concentrated in scalp and face
  11. overproduction of sebum in adult or child, technical terms
    seborrheic dermatitis
  12. common name of condition for infant / child in which there is overproduction of sebum
    cradle cap
  13. what are the 2 types of hair
    vellus, terminal
  14. fine soft non-pigmented hair
  15. ___ hair covers entire body except
  16. vellus hair does not cover
    palms, soles, glans penis, inside labia
  17. layer below the skin is
  18. 2 more names for subcutaneous tissue
    adipose, hypodermis
  19. what is uremic frost
    urea waste excreted through skin
  20. vitamin D is necessary for the absorption of ___ and is produced when ___ light comes in contact with skin
    calcium, ultraviolet
  21. 6 functions of skin
    • protection
    • sensory protection
    • thermoregulation
    • aids in wound repair
    • absorption and excretion
    • vitamin D production
  22. atopic
    hypersensitivity occurring in a part of the body not in contact with the allergen
  23. dysplastic mole
    larger, irregular shaped mole with irregular borders
  24. xerosis
    excessive dryness
  25. seborrhea, what is it and what is the common name?
    oily flakes of skin, dandruff
  26. pruritis
  27. pruritis common ___ or ___ disease because of
    kidney or liver, decreased metabolism and excretion of waste
  28. medications may cause photosensitivity which leads to
  29. alopecia
    diffuse, patchy or total hair loss
  30. trichotillomania
    pulling out hair
  31. hirsutism, and the cause
    abnormal growth of hair in unusual places, frequently r/t increased androgen production by adrenal glands
  32. intertriginous areas
    skin folds, such as under the breasts and in feet
  33. check especially the intertriginous folds of the feet for
  34. vitiligo
    absence of melanin pigment causing patchy areas on the skin
  35. ephelides is the technical name for
  36. nevi
  37. pallor
    white or lighter color, in dark skinner people a gray skin color
  38. cigarrette smoking does what to peripheral vessels
  39. erythema
    flushed appearance because of blood
  40. hyperemia
    excess of blood
  41. why rest an extremity with an entry point of infection
    movement drives the infection deeper into the tissues
  42. polycythemia
    increased RBCs
  43. central cyanosis occurs when
    5 gm unoxygenated Hgb secondary to cardiopulmonary problems.
  44. why is Hgb level important in regards to central cyanosis.
    if Hgb is 8 and central cyanosis occurs with 5 gm Hgb unoxygenated, then more than 1/2 of Hgb unoxygenated before pt shows central cyanosis ... pt can become severely hypoxic and possibly die.
  45. jaundice is caused by
    higher levels of bilirubin in the blood
  46. bilirubin is a byproduct of
    RBC breakdown
  47. bilirubin is normally excreted through the
    GI tract
  48. causes of jaundice
    biliary obstruction, ineffective breakdown due to liver disease or immature livers (newborns)
  49. icteric
  50. pt with jaundice has ___ color skin
  51. diaphoresis
    profuse sweating
  52. thirst is an early / late sign of dehydration
  53. corns are distinct from calluses how
    has an inner core
  54. arterial insufficiency causes skin to be
    shiny, thin, hairless
  55. turgor
    how fast skin snaps back when pinched
  56. don't test turgor on elderly hands because
    false positive
  57. cherry angioma
    tiny blood blister
  58. cherry angioma size, where located
    1-5 mm, on upper body
  59. Telangiectases
    dilated superficial blood vessels
  60. Spider angioma, what is it, where located
    central arteriole with radiating branches, usually upper body
  61. spider angioma r/t ___, why
    liver disease, hormones are in excess from being less metabolized
  62. spider angioma, a few might be normal / abnormal
  63. what are the two types of Telangiectases
    spider angioma, venous star
  64. does spider angioma blanch with pressure? Why?
    yes ... it is arterial
  65. does venous star blanch with pressure? Why?
    no, it is venous
  66. venous star associated with
    increased venous pressure
  67. what are Petechiae? What is the size? they are from what cause?
    1 - 3 mm, deep red, rounded shapes which results from superficial capillary bleeding caused by bacteremia and bleeding disorders (such as thrombocytopenia)
  68. thrombocytopenia
    decreased platelets causing a bleeding disorder
  69. purpura are
    extensive confluent patch of petechiae
  70. senile purpura r/t
    thinning skin
  71. Ecchymosis
    a bruise
  72. hematoma is a
    raised bruise
  73. scalding, belt strap/buckle, cigarette burns, etc. are what type of injury
    pattern injuries
  74. which glands open up into hair follicles
  75. Jaundice may be seen in what 2 junctions
    between the hard & soft palate, sclera & skin