Psych Chapter 12

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Psych Chapter 12
2010-11-14 14:10:18

Social Psychology
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  1. attitudes
    the evaluation of objects, events, or ideas
  2. explicit attitudes
    attitudes that people can report
  3. implicit attitudes
    attitudes that influence our feelings and behavior at an unconscious level
  4. cognitive dissonance
    an uncomfortable mental state due to conflicts between attitudes or between attitudes and behavior
  5. persuasion
    the active and conscious effort ot change attitudes through the transmission of a message`
  6. elaboration likelihood method
    a theory of how persuasive messages lead to attitude changes
  7. nonverbal behavior
    the facial expressions, gestures, mannerisms, and movements by which one communicates with others
  8. attributions
    people's casual explanations for why events or actions occur
  9. personal attributions
    explanations that refer to internal characteristics, such as abilities, traits, moods and effort
  10. situational attributions
    explanations that refer to external events, such as the weather, luck, accidents, or the actions of other people
  11. fundamental attribution error
    the tendency to overemphasize personal factors and underestimated situational factors in explaining behavior
  12. stereotypes
    cognitive schemas that allow for easy, fast processing of information about people based on their membership in certain groups
  13. self-fulfilling prophecy
    people's tendency to behave in ways that confirm their own or others' expectations
  14. prejudice
    the usually negative affective or attitudinal responses associated with stereotypes
  15. discrimination
    the inappropriate and unjustified treatment of people based solely on their group membership
  16. ingroup favoritism
    the tendency for people to evaluate favorably and privelege members of the ingroup more than members of the outgroup
  17. social loafing
    the tendency for people to work less hard in a group than when working alone
  18. deindividuation
    a phenomenon of low self-awareness, in which people lose their individuality and fail to attend to personal standards
  19. compliance
    the tendency to agree to do things requested by others
  20. aggression
    any behavior/action that involves the intention to harm someone else
  21. prosocial
    tending to benefit others
  22. bystander intervention effect
    when those who observe someone in need of help fail to offer help
  23. altruism
    giving help to someone who needs it without any reward for themselves