Acid-base blance

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
49506
Filename:
Acid-base blance
Updated:
2010-11-14 16:38:01
Tags:
acid base
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Description:
acid-base balance
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  1. In ______ the pH decreases and the respiratory rate and depth increase in an attempt to exhale acids
    acidosis
  2. In ________, the pH increases and the respiratory rate and depth decrease
    alkalosis
  3. In assessment of _______, initially the hyperventilation and respiratory stimulation will cause abnormal rapid respirations (tachypnea); in an attempt to compensate, the kidneys will excrete excess circulating bicarbonate into the urine
    respiratory alkalosis
  4. In assessment of ________: in an attempt to compensate for the acidosis, hyperpnea with Kussmauls respirations occurs as the lungs attempt to exhale the excess CO2
    metabolic acidosis
  5. In _______, an attempt to compensate, respiratory rate and depth decrease to conserve CO2
    metabolic alkalosis
  6. A nurse plans care for a client with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, knowing that the client is most likely to experience what type of acid-base balance?
    Respiratory acidosis
  7. ________ is most often caused by hypoventilation.
    respiratory acidosis
  8. In ________, the pH is decreased and the Pco2 is elevated.
    respiratory acidosis
  9. Clinical manifestations of _____ include:
    headache
    tachypnea
    paresthesias
    tetany
    vertigo
    convulsions
    hypokalemia
    hypocalcemia
    respiratory alkalosis
  10. Loss of gastric fluid via nasogastric suction or vomiting causes _________ as a result of the loss of hydrochloric acid.
    metabolic alkalosis
  11. Intestinal secretions are high in bicarbonate and may be lost through enteric drainage tubes or an ileostomy or with diarrhea. These conditions result in _____________.
    metabolic acidosis

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