Anatomy

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Author:
justinjuel1234
ID:
49510
Filename:
Anatomy
Updated:
2010-11-14 16:45:40
Tags:
urinary digestive
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  1. 4 functions of Urinary system
    • Helps regulate BP
    • Acid-base balance
    • Homeostatsis of fluid volume
    • Filters blood, excretes waste
  2. Macroscopic structures of kidney
    • Kidney is bean shaped
    • Located in Retroperitoneal space
    • Held in place by Gerotas capsule
    • Protected by fat and renal capsule
    • 2 sections Renal Cortex and Renal Medulla
  3. Microscopic structures of kidney
    • located at border
    • Nephrons - Bowmans and Glomerulus
    • Calyces
    • Renal Spaces
    • Ducts for routing urine
    • Renal Pelvis
  4. 4 layers of Urters
    • Muscosa - Mucous Layer
    • Submucosa - Vsacular Layer
    • Muscularis - Smooth Muscle Layer
    • Serous - Parietal Peritoneum
  5. 4 layers of Urinary Bladder
    • Muscosa - Muscous Layer
    • Submucosa - Vascular layer
    • Detrusor - Smoothe Muscle Layer
    • Serous - Parietal Peritoneum
  6. What layer does Peristalsis occur
    Muscularis/Detrusor
  7. Male Urethra
    • 8 in long
    • Below prostate gland
    • Runs thru prostate
    • Easier to control
  8. Female Urethra
    • 1 1/2 - 2 in long
    • Embedded in vagina
    • Near opening of the meatus
    • Harder to control
  9. Normal pathway of urine
    • Artery to Cortex
    • Nephron
    • Renal Medulla
    • Calyces
    • Tubules
    • Sinuses
    • Renal Pelvis
    • Ureter
    • Bladder
    • Urinary Sphincter
    • Urethera
    • Urinary Meatus
  10. Normal Constituents of urine
    • Urea
    • Creatine Salts
    • Hydrogen Ion
    • Uric Acid
    • Pigments
    • Meatbolic Wastes
    • Normal Bacteria
    • Nicitric Acid
    • Hormones
    • Toxins
  11. Abnormal Constituents of urine
    • RBC
    • WBC
    • Albumin
    • Pus
    • Too much bacteria
    • Glucose
  12. Micturition
    Urination
  13. Excretory Systems
    • Respitory - Lungs
    • Integumentary - Skin
    • Digestive - GI Tract
    • Urinary - Urine
  14. Renal Capsule
    Protective fibrous layer surrounding the kidney
  15. Renal Cortex
    Outter portion of kidney
  16. Renal Medulla
    Inner portion of Kidney, 2 parts
  17. Renal Pyramid
    Triangler divisions of medulla of kidney
  18. Renal Papilla
    Narrow, innermost part of renal pyramid
  19. Minor Calyx
    A division of the renal pelvis
  20. Renal Artery
    Brings blood to kidney, 20% of blood pumped by heart goes to kidney for filteration by aorta
  21. Renal Vein
    Return of blood back to the heart by Verna Cava
  22. Renal Pelvis
    Basin like upper end of the ureter located in the kidney
  23. Ureter
    Tubes that carries urine from the kidney to bladder
  24. Genral function of Digestive system
    Digestion/breakdown of macroscopic food, or microscopic nutrients for cells
  25. Enzyme
    Protein that acts as a catalyst for cellur process
  26. Absorption
    Intake of substance through membranes
  27. Digestion
    Breakdown of foods to simple molecules
  28. Peritoneum
    Serous membrane that lines abdominal pelvic cavity. Largest in the body
  29. Omentum
    Fold of peritoneum and fat
  30. Mesentery
    • Fold of peritoneum that attachs organs to posterior wall
    • Web-like
    • Brings blood and lymph fluids to organs
  31. Bolus
    Soft chewed mass ready to be swallowed
  32. Sphincter
    Circular muscle that closes off tubular structure
  33. Chyme
    Partially digested food and chemicals in the stomach/intestine
  34. Rugae
    Fold of mucosa for stretchability
  35. Peristalsis
    Wave like motion of smooth muscle

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