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What was the1st polyphonic mass by a known composer and who was it by?
"Notre Dame Mass"- Machaut
What years did the Renaissance last?
What invention helped spread music? Did choirs grow or shrink?
The Printing Press .Choirs GREW.
What is a patron? Who are what was an important musical patron?
A patrin is some one who pays an adult to create art for them. The CHURCH was an important musical patron.
Where did many important composers come from?
Where was Europe's "musical center" in the 16th century?
- FLANDERS= important composers
- Musical center=Italy
What is word painting?
Musical representation of specific poetic images.
What is the primary texture of Renaissance music?
- "Ave Maria-Virgo Serena"
- *Strong imitation
Dominant philosophical movement?
- secular music expands greatly, much more written
- Catholic Monk- Protest Reformation
- Wanted people to interpret the bible themselves
- Founded Protestant Church
How did catholics respond with counter-reformation?
- Council of Trent: polyphony and imitation confused the message of sacred lyrics.
- -Was created to "fix catholicism"
Giovanni Pierluigi da palestrina
- (ca. 1525-1594)
- 104 masses,140 madrigals,300 motets
- "kyrie" from "Pope marcellus Mass"
Secular Renaissance Music
2 sacred forms: Mass + Motet
What is a MADRIGAL
- Song about secular subjects; Love (Italy)
- Originally, a secular love poem
- Texture: Mostly polyphonic, but can contain homophony and even monophony
- Favorite technique: Word Painting
"As vesta was descending"
- by Thomas Weelkes
- -An english madrigal- "through composed":music flows and changes throughout the song
- Usually more homophonic than madrigal
- Chorus usually ends with syllable "fa-la"
- STROPHIC: music of the verse generally repeats over and over
- "Now is the Month of Maying"-Thomas morley
- A lot was adapted from vocal Music, Dance Music
- Lute music becomes very popular during Renaissance
- Instruments: Viol, Sackbut,Harpsichord,Timpani,Lute
- Pavane & Gaillad
- Italian Instrumental dance: RICECAR by Andrea Gabrieli
- Pavane(slow,duple(2)), france
- Gaillard(faster,triple meter(3)), france..."Daphne"
- "kemps jig": lively upbeat dance
- Italy's RICHEST cultural center: Venice
- St. Marks Choirmasters: Andrea Gabrieli(uncle) and Giovanni G.(Nephew)
- *created venetian school
- *wrote works for voice and instruments, specified untruments to use
- Polychoral Motet: separate choirs aound st.marks cathedral "surround sound"
- *Giovanni Gabrielli: "o magnum myserium"