Chap 12 Terminology.txt

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teloff
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49553
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Chap 12 Terminology.txt
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2010-11-14 18:54:54
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chap medical coding female reproductive system
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Chap 12 terminology
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  1. External Genitalia
    the sex or reproductive organs visible on the outside of the body; also called genitals
  2. Gestation
    Length of time from conception to birth
  3. Lactation
    Productino and release of milk by mamary glands
  4. Orifice
    Mouth; entrance or outlet of any anatomical structure
  5. Puerperium
    Time after childbirth that lasts lasts approximately 6 weeks, during which the anatomical and physiological changes brought about by pregnancy resolve and a woman adjusts to the new or expanded responsibilities of motherhood and nonpregnant life
  6. Stages in the menstrual cycle
    • Menstrual; Days 1 - 5
    • Ovulatory; Days 6 - 14
    • Postovulatory; Days 15 - 28
  7. Gestation
    pregnancy
  8. Parturition
    childbirth
  9. 3 Stages of Labor
    • 1. Dilation
    • 2. Expulsion
    • 3. Placental stage or afterbirth
  10. Amenorrhea
    absence of menses
  11. Dysmenorrhea
    menstrual pain
  12. Metrorrhagia
    irregular uterine bleeding between menstrual periods
  13. adnexa
    accessory parts of a structure
  14. atresia
    congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening, such as the vagina
  15. choriocarcinoma
    malignant neoplasm of the uterus of at the site of an ectopic preganancy
  16. contraceptive diaphragm
    contraceptive device consisting of a hemisphere of thin rubber bonded to a flexible ring; inserted into the vagina together with spermicidal jelly or cream up to 2 hours before coitus so that spermatozoa cannot enter the uterus, thus preventing conception
  17. corpus luteum
    Ovarian scar tissue that results from rupturing of a follicle during ovulation and becomes a small yellow body that produces progesterone after ovulation
  18. dyspareunia
    occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse
  19. endocervicitis
    inflammation of the mucous lining of the cervix uteri
  20. fibroids
    benign uterine tumors composed of muscle and fibrous tissue; also called leiomyomas (myomas) and fibromyomata uteri
  21. infertility
    inability or diminished ability to produce offspring
  22. hormonal contraception
    use of hormones to suppress ovulation and prevent conception
  23. oral contraceptive pills
    birth control pills containing estrogen and progesterone in varying proportions
  24. menarch
    beginning of menstrual function
  25. oligomenorrhea
    scanty or infrequent menstrual flow
  26. perineum
    region between the vulva and anus that constitutes the pelvic floor
  27. puberty
    period during which secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the capability of sexual reproduction is attained
  28. pyosalpinx
    pus in the fallopian tube
  29. retroversion
    turning or state of being turned back, especially an entire organ, such as the uterus, being tipped from its normal position
  30. sterility
    inability of the female to become pregnant or the male to impregnate the female
  31. vaginismus
    painful spasm of the vagina from contraction of its surrounding muscles
  32. viable
    • capable of sustaining life; denotes a fetus sufficientlty developed to live outside of the uterus
    • (does not mean the infant was born alive)
  33. abortion
    termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of surviving outside the uterus
  34. abruptio placentae
    permature separation of a normally situated placenta
  35. amnion
    membrane, continuous with and covering the fetal side of the placenta, that forms the outer surface of the umbilical cord
  36. breech presentation
    common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal buttocks or feet present first rather than the head
  37. Down syndrome, trisomy 21
    congenital condition characterized by physical malformations and some degree of mental retardation
  38. dystocia
    difficult labor, which may be produced by the large size of the fetus or the small size of the pelvic outlet
  39. eclampsia
    most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy. Signs include high blood pressure, edema, convulsions, renal dysfuntcion, proteinuria and in severe cases, coma
  40. ectopic pregnancy
    pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum does not reach the uterine cavity but becomes implanted on any tissue other than the lining of the uterine cabity such as a fallopian tube, an ovary, the abdomen or even the cervix uteri.
  41. gravida
    pregnant woman
  42. multigravida
    woman who has been pregnant more than once
  43. multipara
    woman who has delivered more than one viable infant
  44. para
    woman who has given birth to one or more viable infants
  45. parturition
    process of giving birth
  46. pelvimetry
    measurement of the pelvic dimensions to determine whether the head of the fetus will be able to pass through the body pelvis during the delivery process
  47. placenta previa
    condition in which the placenta is attached near the cervix and ruptures prematurely, with spotting as the early symptom
  48. primigravida
    woman pregnant for the first tiem
  49. primipara
    woman who has given birth to one viable infnat, her first child, indicated by the notation para I on the patients chart
  50. puerperium
    period of 42 days after childbirth and expulsion of the placenta and membranes, during which the reproductive organs usually return to normal
  51. amniocentesis
    transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance using a needle and syringe to remove amniotic fluid
  52. insufflation
    delivery of pressurized air or gas into a cavity, chamber or organ to allow visual examination, remove an obstruction or apply medication.
  53. chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
    sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects
  54. cryosurgery
    process of freezing tissue to destroy cells; also called cryocautery
  55. dilation and curettage (D&C)
    widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and scraping of the uterine endometrium with a curette
  56. episiorrhaphy
    repair of a lacerated vulva or an episiotomy
  57. episiotomy
    incision of the perineum from the vaginal orifice usually done to prevent tearing of the tissue and to facilitate childbirth
  58. hysterectomy
    excision of the uterus
  59. subtotal hysterectomy
    cervix, ovaries and fallopian tubes remain
  60. total hysterectomy
    complete hysterctomy, including uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries
  61. intrauterine device
    plastic or metal object placed inside the uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterine lining
  62. lumpectomy
    excision of a small primary breast tumor and some of the normal tissue that surrounds it
  63. mammoplasty
    surgical reconstruction of the breast(s) to change the size, shape or position
  64. augmentation
    breast enlargement to increase breast size or to replace one that has been surgically removed
  65. reduction
    breast reduction to reduce the size of a large, pendulous breast
  66. mastectomy
    excision of the entire breast
  67. total (simple) mastectomy
    excision of the entire breast, nipple, areola and the involved overlying skin; also called simple mastectomy
  68. modified radical mastectomy
    excision of the entire breast, including the lymph nodes in the underarm (axillary dissection)
  69. radical mastectomy
    excision of the entire breast, all underarm lymph nodes, and chest wall muscles under the breast
  70. myomectomy
    excision of a myomatous tumor, generally uterine
  71. reconstructive breast surgery
    reconstruction of a breast that has been removed
  72. tissue (skin) expansion
    common breast reconstuction technique in which a balloon expander is inserted beneath the skin and chest muscle, saline solution is gradually injected to increase size, and the expander is then replaced with a more permanent implant.
  73. transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) flap
    surgical creation of a skin flap using skin and fat from the lower half of the abdomen which is passed under the skin to the breast area. The abdominal tissue (flap) is shaped into a natural looking breast and sutured into place
  74. salpingo-oophorectomy
    excision of an ovary and fallopian tube
  75. tubal ligation
    procedure that ties (ligates) the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy

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