Not personally involved with legislative process in Congress
Held the office with dignity, yet not king-likeHonored the Constitutional process
President John Adams....
Did not have the full support of all Federalists… Hamilton and many southerner
Because of the awkward (pre 12th amendment) election… his opponent, Thomas Jefferson (Republican) was his Vice- President
Was very stubborn and saw political criticism as “undermining” the office of the president
Created the Navy
Why did we have a Quasi War with France?
Jay and Pinckney’s treaties improved our relationship with England and Spain
French were attacking shipping and refused our ambassador, C.C. Pinckney
Adams sent a group to negotiate with the French government… France insisted on a bribe/loan to negotiate. The French representatives representing Prince Talleyrand were given the name “Agents X, Y, and Z” (1797)
What was the XYZ Affair?
Adams denounced the French
Adams created the Department of the Navy in 1798 and carried out a Quasi War with the French
American loyalties quickly moved back from the French to the British
Many American’s wanted war with France
What was the New Agreement with France as of 1800?
Cancelled the old agreement in 1788
Now dealing with Napoleon
Many Americans were upset with this treaty
There was no way to stand up to France
Adams did what was the right course of action
Paid a high political cost
When were the Alien and Sedition Acts passed?
Passed in 1798 while they fervor over the Quasi War with France was going on and the Federalists held the majority (for the last time) in Congress
What was the Alien Act?
Made it harder for immigrants to become American Citizens
What was the Sedition Act?
Made it illegal to be engaged in “seditions” (criticizing) against the government
Did Adams use the Sedition Act?
Adams did not use the Sedition Act much, but was used against some newspapers that has been critical
How did Republicans attempt to reverse the Alien and Sedition Acts?
Republicans used state legislatures to attempt to reverse the acts
Virginia Resolution (Madison)
Kentucky Resolution (Jefferson)
Used arguments of John Locke (“social contract”)
Did not win wide support by states; but did bring debate to be a national issue. Fight in Congress between 2 congressmen
What is the Revolution of 1800
When the Federalists lost control of Congress
The ugly campaign in 1800 was between who?
John Adams and Thomas Jefferson
Who won the election of 1800
Jefferson beat Adams but there was a tie between him and his running mate Aaron Burr, the election went to the House and on the 36th ballot Jefferson finally won win Hamilton shifted his support from Burr to Jefferson
What was the Judiciary Act of 1801?
Created new federal judgeships and appointed Federalists to these positions
What does "lame duck" mean?
Government officials who are basically holding the position for the new officials who were elected but are not in office untill March
Who made the Judiciary Act of 1801
"Lame Duck" President John Adams and the "Lame Duck" Federalist controlled Congress
The appointments of the Judiciary Act of 1801 were called...