how many functions are there of the skeletal system?
__________- the bones form a framework to support the body's muscles, fat, and skin
_______- bones surround vital organs to protect them
______- muscles attach to bones to help provide movement
________- bones help produce red and white blood cells and platelets, a process called hemopoiesis or hematopoiesis
production of blood cells
_______- bones store most of the calcium supply of the body
what are the long bones also known as?
bones of the extremities
parts of long bone: diaphysis
the long shaft
parts of long bone: epiphysis
one of the two extremities, or ends
parts of long bone: medullary canal
a cavity in the diaphysis filled with yellow marrow
yellow marrow is mainly ____
parts of long bone: endosteum
a membrane that lines the medullary canal and keeps the yellow marrow intact; it produces some bone growth
red marrow is where in the body?
found in certain bones sich as the vertebrae, ribs, sternum, and cradium, and in the proximal ends of the humerus and femur
produces red blood cells (erythrocytes), platelets (thrombocytes), and some white blood cells (leukocytes)
importance of red marrow
because bone marrow os so important in the manufacture of blood cells and is involved with the body's immune response, the red marrow is used to diagnose blood diseases and is sometimes transplanted in people with defective immune systems
parts of long bone: periosteum
a tough membrane that covers the outsime of bones; it contais blood vessels, lymph vessels, and osteoblasts (special cells that form new bone tissue)
what is necessary for bone growth, repair, and nutrition?
a thin layer of cartilage that covers the epiphysis and acts as a shock obsorber when two bones meet to form a joint
how many sections of the skeletal system are there?
forms the main trunk of the body; composed of the spinal column and breast bone
forms the extremities; composed of the shoulder girdle, arm bones, pelvic girdle, and leg bones