Psych Chapter 10

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Author:
mse263
ID:
49592
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Psych Chapter 10
Updated:
2010-12-18 19:32:16
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Midterm
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Description:
Health and Well-Being
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  1. health psychology
    the field of psychological science concerned with the events that affect physical well-being
  2. well-being
    a positive state that includes striving for optimal health
  3. biopsychosocial model
    a model of health that integrates the effects of biological, behavioral, and social factors on health and illness
  4. placebo effect
    a drug or treatment, unrelated to the particular problem of the person who recieves it, may make the recipient feel better because the person believes the drug or treatment is effective
  5. stress
    a pattern of behavioral and physiological responses to events that match or exceed an organism's abilities to respond
  6. stressor
    an environmental stimuli that threatens an organism
  7. coping response
    any response an organism makes to avoid, escape from, or minimize an aversive stimuli
  8. hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)
    the biological system responsible for the stress response
  9. fight-or-flight
    the physiological preparedness of animals to deal with danger
  10. tend-and-befriend response
    females' tendency to protect and care for their offspring and form social alliances rather than flee or fight in response to threat
  11. oxytocin
    a hormone that is important for mothers in bonding with their newborns
  12. lymphocytes
    specialized white blood cells known as B cells, T cells, and natural killer cells that make up the immune system
  13. immune system
    the body's mechanism for dealing with invading microorganisms, such as allergs, bacteria, and viruses
  14. type A behavior pattern
    a pattern of behavior characterized by competitiveness, achievement orientation, aggressiveness, hostility, restlessness, inability to relax and impatience with others
  15. type B behavior pattern
    a pattern of behavior characterized by relaxed, noncompetative, easygoing, and accommodating behavior
  16. allostatic load theory of illness
    when people are continually stressed, they are unable to return to bodily states that characterize normal stress levels
  17. primary appraisal
    part of the coping process that involves making decisions about whether a stimulus is stressful, benign or irrelevant
  18. secondary appraisal
    part of the coping process during which people evaluate their options and choose coping behaviors
  19. emotion-focused coping
    a type of coping in which people try to prevent having an emotional response to a stressor
  20. problem-focused coping
    a type of coping in which people take direct steps to confront or minimize a stressor
  21. body mass index (BMI)
    a ration of body weight to height, used to measure obesity
  22. anorexia nervosa
    an eating disorder characterized by an excessive fear of becoming fat and thus a refusal to eat
  23. bulimia nervosa
    an eating disorder characterized by dieting, binge eating, and purging
  24. social integration
    the quality of a person's social relationships
  25. buffering hypothesis
    the idea that other people can provide direct support in helping individuals cope with stressful events

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