DEN 101- CH 25-

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Author:
melinda
ID:
49603
Filename:
DEN 101- CH 25-
Updated:
2010-11-14 21:44:01
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Description:
Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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  1. Instrument used to remove bone; shaped like a small hammer and used with a chisel.
    SURGICAL MALLET
  2. Instruments made of stainless steel and available in various sizes; used to cut sutures and trim soft tissues.
    SURGICAL SCISSORS
  3. Type of mouth prop that is hinged and has handles, a ratchet release, and beaks.
    MOLT MOUTH GAGS
  4. FORCEPS USED ON THE ANTERIOR OR POSTERIOR TEETH CAN BE DISTINGUISHED. HOW?
    BY BEAK WIDTH
  5. similar to elevators but with a larger handle and smaller working ends; used to loosen and remove roots or bone fragments.
    APICAL ELEVATORS
  6. crackling sound
    CREPITUS
  7. to remove debris (dead tissue).
    DEBRIDE
  8. What does "LOAD" mean?
    The amount of pressure/ strain put on the implant once placed in the bone.
  9. What is TINNITUS?
    Ringing or tinkling sound
  10. Name some common signs and symptoms of TMJ.
    • -Pain around the ear, which often radiates into the face.
    • -Tenderness of the masticatory muscles.
    • -Popping and clicking noise when opening/ closing the mouth.
  11. What are the TWO TYPES OF COMMON DENTAL IMPLANTS?
    SUBPERIOSTEAL AND ENDOSTEAL
  12. What does biopsy mean?
    surgical removal of a small amount of tissue.
  13. What is a dental implant?
    fixed prostheses, attached to bone, used to replace missing teeth.
  14. complete removal of a lesion along with a small border of the normal tissue surrounding it.
    EXCISIONAL BIOPSY
  15. What does exfoliative cytology mean?
    removal of a layer of cells from the surface of a lesion.
  16. What is another name for "DRY SOCKET" ?
    ALVEOLITIS
  17. What are extraction forceps?
    instruments used to remove teeth from the alveolar bone.
  18. Made of clear acrylic and placed over the tissues during surgery to guide dentist in placement of implant.
    Surgical stint
  19. What are HEMOSTATS?
    forceps instruments used during surgery to retract tissue, remove small root tips, clamp off blood vessels, and grasp objects.
  20. used when suturing a flap, goes in and out of the tissue on the same surface; identified by a horizontal stitch or “bite”; tied with one surgeon’s knot on the surface where suture procedure began.
    Horizontal Mattress Suture
  21. Most versatile, widely used stitch; suture goes into facial surface and emerges from lingual surface, and is tied with a surgeon’s knot.
    SIMPLE SUTURE
  22. Used for interproximal suturing, stitch wraps around tooth to act like a sling; especially useful when a flap is necessary.
    SLING SUTURE
  23. What are Surgical bone files ?
    Instruments used to trim and smooth edges of alveolar bone following tooth extraction.
  24. What are surgical curettes?
    Instruments used for debridement of tooth socket or diseased tissue.
  25. What is tinnitus?
    Ringing or tinkling sound.
  26. Either a forceps (hinged) or cotton-plier style; working end of both types has small teeth to assist in grasping tissue securely.
    TISSUE RETRACTORS
  27. Implant is placed into bone and gingival tissue is sutured into place to cover implant; 3-4 mos. Of healing time with second surgery to check for implant stability.
    TWO-STAGE TECHNIQUE
  28. What are mouth props made of?
    Hard rubber, silicone, plastic, or stainless steel
  29. Spoon shaped or with long blades; used to retract tongue or cheeks from operating site.
    TONGUE RETRACTORS
  30. What does TRISMUS mean?
    limited opening of mouth
  31. Used when suturing a flap, goes in and out of tissue on same surface; identified by vertical stitch or “bite”.
    VERTICAL MATTRESS SUTURE
  32. Forceps that can be used on any of the four quadrants.
    UNIVERSAL FORCEPS
  33. What is oral and maxillofacial surgery?
    The branch of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, injuries, and malformations.
  34. Scalpels are designed in two sections: the ________ and the ___________.
    • handle
    • blade
  35. Disposable scalpels are available. How do they come?
    They have plastic handles with metal blades.

    They are supplied in sterile packages.
  36. Why are mouth props used?
    To prevent the patient's mouth from closing during the procedures.

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