DF Test 2 SOLUTIONS AND RELATED LIQUIDS

Card Set Information

Author:
swynocker
ID:
49607
Filename:
DF Test 2 SOLUTIONS AND RELATED LIQUIDS
Updated:
2010-11-14 21:32:55
Tags:
SOLUTIONS RELATED LIQUIDS DF test
Folders:

Description:
SOLUTIONS AND RELATED LIQUIDS DF test 2
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user swynocker on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Definition of Solution
  2. One or more chemical substances DISSOLVED in a solvent or mutually miscible solvents
  3. Syrup contains what to specify it as a syrup
    Sugar or sugar substitutes
  4. What does an Elixir have that syrups do not?
    Alcohol
  5. Oral solutions are used to do what?
  6. provide palatable, easy‐to‐swallow dosage forms.
  7. Advantages of oral liquids
  8. a. Easy to swallow
    b. Flexible dosing
  9. T/F oral solutions
    Can minimize GI irritation for some drugs
    True, they avoid high concentrations that can irritate the GI
  10. Disadvantages of Oral liquids
  11. a. Aqueous liquids are media for microbial growth
    • b.Bulky / heavy to transport
    • c. Relative chemical instability versus solids
  12. With suspensions a portion of the drug is in a ____ state.
    Solid
  13. T/F A drug in solution can not interact with taste buds.
    False, it CAN interact
  14. Potential dosing accuracies of a teaspoon can be off by this range.
    3-8 mL
  15. Would you dissolve a drug in a viscous medium or a water medium?
    Water, more difficult to dissolve in viscous
  16. Children have More/Less tastebuds than adults
    More, they are more succeptible to bitter and sweet tastes.
  17. Methods of flavoring techniques
    Blending, Overshadowing, physical methods, and Physiological methods
  18. Phsyical methods of flavoring include
    • Suspensions
    • Emulsions
    • Effervescance (for salts)
    • and viscosity (slows diffusion to taste buds)
  19. Physiological methods of flavoring techniques include
    • Desensitvation (endothermic)
    • Enhancement (citric acid or vanilla)
  20. USP for purified water contains ___% of minerals
    0.001%
  21. Cosolvents are used to reduce the ____
    Polarity
  22. Cosolvents are most likely added to water to make a hydro_____ compound.
    Hydroalcoholic.
  23. Disulfiram causes ______. What is disulfiran
    Causes nausea after consuming alcohol after drug administration.
  24. T/F glycerin is miscible with alcohol but not with water.
    False, it is miscible with BOTH. Often used as a cosolvent
  25. Some kinds of preservatives are the following
    • Ben- derivatives
    • Paraben
    • sorbic acid (mold and yeast)
    • alcohol (15-20% required)
  26. Flavorants are often ____
    oils
  27. T/F Flavorants are only aftificial.
    False, they are natural OR artificial
  28. According to Colorants, what does F D and C stand for?
    • Food
    • Drug
    • Cosmetic
  29. What is a buffer but also acts as a chelator?
    Citrate
  30. What is a nutritive sweetener? What makes it different?
    It is a sweetener with calories.
  31. Possible ingredients for Syrups contain
    Purified water, cosolvents, flavorents, colorants preservatives, and sucrose
  32. Sucrose concentration in syrups
    60-80%
  33. Sucrose in oral syrups used for
    • Tast masking
    • Soothing
    • Stabilizing dispersed systems
  34. Example of a nonglycogenetic substitute for sucrose is
    methylcellulose
  35. glycogenetic substitute for sucrose is
    dextrose, sorbitol, and glycerin
  36. Simple syrup NF (natural formulary) has a self-______ quality due to the high sucrose concentration.
    Preserving
  37. Advantages of elixirs are
    used to solubilize water and alcohol soluble ingredients
  38. Disadvantage of elixir
    Less taste masking than Oral liquid
  39. T/F Elixirs are self preserving
    False, they have less sugar, therefore are not self preserving.
  40. Childrens tyelonol is an elixir but does not contain
    Alcohol

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview