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Membrane lipids are _____ molecules meaning the have both a hydrophobic and hydrophilic end
the membrane ______ are embedded in the layer and perform most of the other functions of the membrane.
3 classes of membrane lipids
Is the phospholipid tail is a kink, this kink occurs becuase of a _______ _______
4 major types of phospholipids include;
- phosphatidyl-serine (has negative charge/ on cytosol side of the membrane)
The is the only type of cell with no cholesterol in their cell compostion
Some eukaryotic membrane lipids are _______ with oligosaccharides on the _________ side of the membrane
This molecule is ampipathic, contains a polar head (-OH), and contains a steroid ring structure
Cholesterol ________ the ability of the lipid bilayer to act as a ________ barrier to small _______ substances
True/false(make true) : lipids can only pack into the bilayer method as in membranes.
false: can form sperical molecules (a lipid Micelle) as well as a lipid bilayer
True/False (make true): Spontaneous aggregation to spherical shape is energetically favorable
true. Tears in layer are repaired due to spontaneous aggregation
Lipids move freely in the bilayer: Name the most and least common movements of the 4 possible.
- MOST: Lateral diffusion (within monolayer) --- from inherit kenetic energy
- LEAST: flip-flop (rare due to lipids great fluidity)
Fibroblasts can accumulate fat droplets and transform the cell into a ______
True/false (make true): the lipid bilayer is symmetrical
false. The lipid bilayer is NOT symetrical. Proteins free float and can clump anywhere in the layer where required for protein functions. Cholesterol is distributed equally
The type of phospholipid faces the cytosol and has a negative charge
Glycolipids face the ________ leaflet
the molecules perform the specific functions of the plasma membrane
MOST membrane proteins are _________________ (added oligosaccharide); termed a ________
This part of the membrane on the ________ side is known as a glycocalyx
- The carbohydrate layer
Which side of the membrane contains NO oligosaccharides on the molecules
the carbohydrate layer funtions for 2 ;
- provides protection
- role in cell to cell interactions
_____ _____ between the apical plasma membrane (lumen of small intestine) and lateral plasma membrane restrict lateral diffusions of lateral ______
There are _ mechanisms that restrict lateral diffusion of proteins. These restrictions function to _______________________________________________
- 4 mechanisms
- proteins to perform its functions
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