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Memory is the process of?
Encoding, Storing and retrieving information
Each memory process stage differs on which basis?
Capacity & Duration
The amount of information that can be retained is known as?
The length of time which it can be retained is known as?
TEXTBOOK STAGES OF MEMORY
Sensory, short term and long term memory
What is the capacity and duration of Sensory Memory?
- Great deal of Info
Capacity and Duration of Short term memory?
- Limited Capacity
- 30 seconds
Capacity and duration of Long Term Memory
capacity and duration of the practical viewpoint of immediate recall?
Capacity and duration of the practical view point of short term recall?
- Shortlist or Paragraph
- Min to Hrs
capacity and duration of the practical view point of Long term recall
Methods of Facilitating memory?
- Maintenance rehersal
- Elaborative rehersal
What is maintenance rehersal?
repeating the information over and over
What is elaborative rehearsal?
an encoding strategy based on the meaning of the material
What are methods of elaboratove rehearsal?
Forming connections between the information on STH and the info in LTM
Use of Mnemonic- story or acronyms
Self Reference- personalize the story or image
When given a series of letters such as VCRFBICIAUSSR, and commit them to memory as VCR FBI CIA USSR. This technique is considered?
What is primacy a part of and what does it mean?
- Means a person is likely to remember the first item on a list
- Part of the Serial Position Effect
What are the types of memory, and what do they mean?
What does short term memory include?
Visuospatial Sketch Pad
What does the central executive of short term memory responsible for?
Directs attention to different parts fo the problem
What is the Phonological Loop of Short Term Memory responsible for?
processes phonetic or sound qualities of the memory
What is the Visuospatial sketch pad in Short term Memory responsible for?
visual aspects of the information
The idea that it is easiest to remember information in the same setting in which we learned it pertains to?
The context Effect
Remembering information consistent with out mood is known as?
what forgetting aspect is related to immediate reacall?
What forgetting aspects is related the Short term memory?
Proactive Interference and Retroactive Interference
Proactive Inteference means?
older memories inhibit the recall of newer memories
Retroactive Interference Mean?
New information inhibits the retrival of old information
What aspect of forgetting is LTM associated with?
Tip of the tounge
True or False
Mass Practice (Cramming) is less effective than the same amount of time distributedover many practice sessions?
What factors are we dependant on to forget?
How deeply we process things
How often it is rehearsed
How much newly learned material is retained after 20 min?
who is affiliated with eyewtiness testimony?
Can memories be altered by the way a questioned is asked?
Who searched for the engram (memory trace), and what is involved with it?
specific changes in the brain are associated with each memory, so engram should me localized
Memory for a complex behaviors is dictrubuted throught out the brain
discovered localization for classically conditioned learning, and very simeple memories are localized to a single area... The Cerebellum
Examined the neuron and its role in memory traces
used Aplysia (snail with large neurons)
Discovered changes in neurons: more dendrites, more synapses.
A cell circuit is formed firing one cell in a circuit results in all cells firing, memory occurs
Memory loss resulting from brain damage
Not being able to recall LTM
Ex: Can't remember events before a head injury
Cant store new memories in LTM
Ex: Cant store new memories after the head inury
Considered to not be true amnesia, caused by psychological factors not brain injury, results in identity
Frontal cortes right hemisphere
sequnces of behavior
Frontal cortex left hemisphere
long term storage
how we feel about things
classicall conditioned learning
transfer memory from short term to long term
Global capacity to think rationally, act purposely, cope effectively with the enviroment
Created the useful test of intelligence, and the basis for all subsequent IQ test
questions on a test range from easy to hard
Age equivalent of a given child based on his success on the scale
Used for placement
translated and adapted binet's scale creating the stanford binet intelligence test
Stanford Binet Intelligence Test
Standard in the field against which all other IQ test are compared
The two factor theory: General Intellidence and Specific Mental Abilities
- Propose 7 primary Mental Abilites
- Intelligence is not unitary
7 Primary Mental Abilities
- Verbal Comprehension
- Word Fluency
- Number Facility
- Spatial Visualization
- Associative Memory
- Perceptual Speed
we posses different types of intelligence instead of an over all level
Most commonly used test of intelligence
Weshclers Scales of Intellidence
A good IQ test
- Standard Deviation
- Bell Curve
- Deviation IQ
- deviation from the mean on the bell curve
- Split Half
- Test Retest