Sensory: Skin, Eye and Ear

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Author:
superscientific
ID:
49634
Filename:
Sensory: Skin, Eye and Ear
Updated:
2010-11-14 23:45:34
Tags:
Nursing Skin
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Description:
Sensory
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  1. What is the Normal pH of the skin?
    4.2-5.6
  2. Actinic Keratosis:

    What is it? What does it look like? What is it caused by?
    • "pre-malignant" legion
    • small dry rough yellowish brown scales
    • caused by Sun exposure
    • occurs most common in fair skin (elderly and young people)
    • May progress to squamous cell carcinoma
  3. Impetigo

    Where does it usually show?
    Is it contagious?
    What is it caused by?
    • On the body, face, hands, neck and extremities
    • Very contagious!
    • Staph primarily, can be caused by Strep or multiple bacteria

    Seen in all ages, common in children in poor hygiene conditions
  4. Miotics
    Used to lower interocular pressure of open-angle glaucoma, causes pupil to constrict, draws iris away from Cornea allowing drainage out of the Canal of schlemm.
  5. Trabeculectomy
    Removal of part of the iris and trabecular meshwork

    Aqueous humor "percolates" out of missing iris
  6. cyclocryotherapy
    Cryoprobe freezes part of ciliary tissue causing local destruction and lowers aqueous production
  7. Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma
    Treatments?
    • -Oral and IV hyperosmotic diuretics (IV Mannitol, Diamox)
    • -Laser peripheral iridotomy (restores drainage of aqueous humor)
    • -Miotics (lower intraocular pressure of open angle glaucoma) - Pilocarpine
  8. Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
    interfere with production of carbonic acid, which leads to decreased aqueous humor formation and decreased intraocular pressure
  9. Mydriatics
    • Dilates Pupil
    • Allows more light
  10. Antibacterial Eye Medication

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