Geology Test #3

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upcpk
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49635
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Geology Test #3
Updated:
2010-11-14 23:45:52
Tags:
Atmosphere composition structure temperature moisture clouds precipitation air pressure wind weather patterns severe weather
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Ch 16 - 19
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  1. Which one of the following is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere?

    A. oxygen
    B. argon
    C. carbon dioxide
    D. nitrogen
    • A. oxygen
    • B. argon
    • C. carbon dioxide
    • D. nitrogen
  2. The tropopause is the boundary between _______
    The troposhpere and the stratosphere
  3. Ozone filters out most of the ______ radiation in sunlight.
    ultraviolet
  4. Ozone is concentrated in the _____
    Stratosphere
  5. Practically all clouds and storms occur in this layer of the atmosphere ______
    troposphere
  6. The storage of heat in the lower layer of the atmosphere produced by certain heat absorbing gases is called the ______.
    greenhouse effect
  7. Which one of the following statements is true about the equinoxes?
    days and nights are equal in length everywhere
  8. Earth receives energy from the Sun in this way
    radiation
  9. The transfer of heat through matter by molecular activity is ______
    conduction
  10. The two most important heat absorbing gases in the lower atmosphere are ____
    water vapor and carbon dioxide
  11. The cloud form that is best described as sheets or layers that cover much or all of the sky is termed _____.
    stratus
  12. The cloud form that consists of globular cloud masses that take on a billowy or "cauliflower-like" structure is called ______
    cumulus
  13. High clouds that form delicate veil-like patches or extended wispy fibers are termed ______
    cirrus
  14. Thunder and lightning are associated with these clouds
    cumulonimbus
  15. This fog forms in valleys at night
    radiation fog
  16. We are likely to have our highest relative humidity ______
    about sunrise
  17. The dew point is the temperature at which ______
    water vapor condenses to a liquid
  18. T or F:
    The capacity of air to "hold" water vapor is temperature dependent.
    True
  19. T or F:
    When air sinks, it compresses and warms
    True
  20. T or F:
    When air is cooled to its dew point, the relative humidity is 80%
    False.
  21. T or F:
    When unstable air is forced to rise, towering clouds and stormy conditions are expected
    True
  22. Lines on a weather map connecting places of equal air pressure are called ____
    isobars
  23. Closely spaced isobars often indiciate _____
    high winds
  24. The Coriolis effect influences ____
    only wind direction
  25. Upper air winds _______
    are generally faster than surface winds
  26. High air pressure systems are usually associated with ____

    A. diverging winds
    B. descending air
    C. Clear weather
    D. all of these
    • A. diverging winds
    • B. descending air
    • C. Clear weather
    • D. all of these
  27. Low air pressure systems are usually associated with ______
    precipitation
  28. If "fair" weather were approaching, the pressure tendency would probably be ______
    rising
  29. If stormy weather were approaching, the pressure tendency would probably be _____
    falling
  30. Most of the US is situated in whichzone of prevailing winds?
    westerlies
  31. A Santa Ana (or Chinook or Foehn) Wind is a _______
    very dry, warm wind flowing down a mountain slope
  32. A sea breeze usually orignates during the ___________
    day and flows toward the land
  33. Fast moving curents of air found near the top of the troposphere are called ____
    jet streams
  34. On a weather map, _____ fronts are shown by a line with triangular points on one side.
    cold
  35. On a weather map, _____ fronts are shown by a line with semicircles extending from one side.
    warm
  36. A wind shift from south or southwest to northwest is comonly associated with the passage of a _____ front.
    cold
  37. Which of the following is considered to be a boundary between two different air masses?
    both warm front and cold front
  38. Which one of the following statements is NOT true of tornadoes?
    usually occur along the warm front of a mid-latitude cyclone
  39. Typhoon is another name for a ______
    hurricane
  40. When a hurricane moves onto land, it rapidly loses its punch; that is, the storm declines in intensity. Which of the factors listed below contribute to this loss of punch?

    A. friction
    B. lack of warm, moist air
    C. heating from below by the land surface
    D. Both A and B
    • A. friction
    • B. lack of warm, moist air
    • C. heating from below by the land surface
    • D. Both A and B
  41. The precipitation associated with a warm front typically arrives _____ the actual frontal boundary
    considerably ahead of
  42. T or F:
    Warm fronts generally have steeper slopes than cold fronts.
    False
  43. T or F:
    Precipitation associated with a cold fron is usually more intense and shorter in duration that precipitation generated by a warm front.
    True
  44. T or F:
    Thunder is produced by lightning
    True
  45. T or F:
    A tornado watch is issed by the National Weather Service after a tornado has been sighted in an area.
    False

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