chapter 10 -11 eas192

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chapter 10 -11 eas192
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2010-11-15 14:46:23
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chapter10-11
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  1. an interdependent set of urban settlements within a specified region
    Urban System
  2. the physical structure and organization of cities
    urban form
  3. the social and demographic composition of city districts and neighbourhoods
    urban ecology
  4. the way of life, attitudes, values, and patterns of behaviour fostered by urban settings.
    urbanism
  5. a city that serves as a link between one country or region and others because of its physical situation
    gateway city
  6. a city that is seen as the embodiment of surprising and disturbing changes in economic, social, and cultural lives
    Shock City
  7. cities that were deliberately established or developed as administrative or commerial centres by colonial or imperial power
    colonial cities
  8. settlements in which certain products and services are available to consumers
    central places
  9. a theory that seeks to explain the relative size and spacing of towns and cities as a function of people's shopping behaviors
    Central place theory
  10. the maximum distance that consumers will normally travel to obtain a particular product or service
    range
  11. the minimum market size required to make the sale of a particular product or service profitable
    threshold
  12. a statistical regularity in city size distributions of countries and regions
    rank- size rule
  13. a condition in which the population of the largest city in an urban system is disproportionately large in relation to the second- and third largest cities in that system
    primacy
  14. the functional dominance of cities within an urban sysyem
    centrality
  15. very large cities characterized by high centrality within their national economy
    megacities
  16. economic activities that take place beyond official record and are not subject to formalized systems of regulation or remuneration
    informed sector
  17. set of manufacturing processing, trading, or service activities that serve markets beyond the city
    economic base
  18. economic activities that provide income from sales to customers beyond city limits
    basic functions
  19. economic activities that serve a city's own population
    nonbasic functions
  20. the process by which the economic growth of a city enables it to attain a position of national dominance and in so doing creates the geographical structure of a metropolis and hinterland
    metropolitanism
  21. the net loss of population from cities to smaller towns and rural areas
    counterurbanization
  22. a condition in which cities grow more rapidly that the jobs and housing they can sustain
    overurbanization

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