social studies comp 1

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social studies comp 1
2010-11-15 19:59:21
comp chapters

chapters 18 & 19
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  1. the practice of combining seperate companies into one
  2. the unifrom width of 4 feet, 8.5 for railroad tracks, adopted in the 1800s.
    standard gauge
  3. discount or return of part of a payment
  4. a group sharing in some activity
  5. inventor of railroad air brakes
    george westinghouse
  6. inventor of railroad car couplers making it easier for cars to be linked together
    Eli H. Janney
  7. invemtor of refrigerated rail cars, making it easier for meat and other perishables to be shipped long distances
    Gustavus Swift
  8. developer of the sleeping rail car
    George M. Pullman
  9. a production system with machines and workers arranged so that each person performs an assigned task over and over again as the item passes before them
    assembly line
  10. the production of large quantities of goods using machinery and often an assembly line
    mass production
  11. invention of the telephone
    Alexander Graham Bell
  12. inventor of the small box camara
    George Eastman
  13. invented the electric incubator and railroad improvements such as electromagnetic brake and automatis circut braker
    Granville Woods
  14. business in which investor owns shares
  15. shares of ownership a company sells in its business
  16. people who invest in a corporation by buying stock and are partial owners
  17. a stockholders' share of a company's profits, usually a cash payment
  18. the combining of competeing firms into one corporation
    horizontal integration
  19. a combination of firms or corporations formed by a legal agreement, especially to reduce competition
  20. total control of a type of industy by one person or company
  21. the combining of companies that supply equipment and services needed for a particular industry
    vertical integration
  22. charitable acts or gifts to benefit the community
  23. the combining of two or more businesses into one
  24. factors of production
    land, labor, and capital
  25. industialist in the steel industry who became a philanthropy
    Andrew Carnegie
  26. law to protect trade a commerse against unlawful restraint and monopoly
    Shurman Antitrust Act
  27. a shop or factory where workers work long hours at low wages under unhealthy conditions
  28. organization of worokers' with the same trade or skill
    trade union
  29. discussion between an employer and union representatives of workers over wages, hours, and working conditions
    collective bargaining
  30. person hired to replace a striking worker in order to break up a strike
  31. a court order to stop an action such as a strike
  32. a mass or strip of ore sandwiched between layers of rock
  33. a mineral mined for the valuable substance it contains such as silver
  34. person who takes the law into their own hands
  35. former mining town that became deserted
    ghost twon
  36. grant of money from the government to a person or company for an action intended to benefit the public
  37. extending across a continent
  38. land not fenced or divided into lots
    open range
  39. a symbol burned into a animal's hide to show ownership
  40. hispanis ranch hand
  41. to aquire a peice of land by living on it and cultivating it
  42. a name givin to the plains farmer
  43. a way of farming dry land in which seeds are planted deep in ground where there is some moister
    dry farming
  44. town located near railroads in order to market and ship cattle
    cow town
  45. an area of public land set aside for native americans
  46. the first farmers' organization in the united states
    National Grange
  47. store where framers bought products from each other
  48. U.S political party representing mainly farmers, favoring free coinage of silver and government control of railroads and other monopolies
    Populist Party
  49. the unlimited production of silver coins
    free silver
  50. networks of organizations in the West and the South which were founded when farmers railied against railroads.
    Farmers' Alliance
  51. organized the standard oil company
    John D. Rockefeller
  52. Edwin L. Drake
    founded petroleum