Psyc Exam 4 Abnormal - ch 11 pers

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Psyc Exam 4 Abnormal - ch 11 pers
2010-12-10 02:13:54
Psyc Exam pers

Psyc Exam 4 - ch 11 pers
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  1. pervasive
    across people and situations
  2. personality disorder
    • enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates from the norm,
    • has an onset in adolescence,
    • is stable over time,
    • and leads to distress or impairment
  3. Cluster A
    • odd, quirky or eccentric ways of behaving
    • paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal
  4. Cluster B
    • exaggerated, inflated, dramatic, emotional, erratic behavior
    • antisocial, borderline, narcissistic, histrionic
  5. Cluster C
    • behavior marked by considerable anxiety, fear or withdrawal
    • avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive disorders
  6. paranoid personality disorder
    pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent
  7. schizoid personality disorder
    • pervasive pattern of social detachment and limited expression of emotion in interpersonal contexts
    • chloe from 24
  8. schizotypal personality disorder
    consistent pattern of social problems marked by significant deficits in the ability to maintain close relationships and by idiosyncratic (unique an individual) behavior and distortions in thoughts
  9. antisocial personality disorder
    pervasive disregard for and violation of the rights of others
  10. narcissistic personality disorder
    • pattern of grandiosity,
    • need for admiration from others, and
    • lack of empathy
  11. borderline personality disorder
    • pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self image, and affect, with
    • marked impulsive features such as frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment.
  12. histrionic personality disorder
    • pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking
    • wants attention vs narcisism which needs admiration
  13. avoidant personality disorder
    pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation
  14. dependent personality disorder
    • pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of by others
    • leads to dependency and fears of being left alone/ abandoned
  15. obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
    • pervasive preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and
    • mental and interpersonal control to the point of distress
  16. temperament
    personality components biological or genetic in origin, observable from birth and relatively stable across time and situations
  17. five factor model
    • FFM - OCEAN
    • behavior is classified along five different dimensions
    • dimensional model
    • neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness
  18. ch 10 -atypical antipsychotics
    • Much less likely to produce tardive dyskinesia
    • developed after the 1990’s
    • Have some effects on negative symptoms
    • Significant side effects: diabetes, high blood pressure, aranulocytosis
  19. ch 10
    typical antipsychotics
    • usually prescribed before 1990’s
    • Reduce positive symptoms but had serious side effects
    • Side effects include: muscle stiffness, tremors, tardive dyskinesia
  20. ch 10
    expressed emotion
    family that has emotional overinvolvement and criticism
  21. ch 10
    gene- environment correlation
    same person who provides a patient’s genetic makeup also provides environment in which that person lives
  22. ch 10
    dopamine hypothesis
    chemical compounds that increase dopamine in synapse lead to development/worsening of psychotic symptoms
  23. schizophreniform disorder
    • identical to schizophrenia
    • illness continues less than 6 months
  24. psychosis
    severe mental condition characterized by a loss of contact with reality
  25. schizophrenia
    severe psyc disorder characterized by disorganization in thought perception and behavior
  26. brief psychotic disorder
    • sudden onset of psychotic symptoms
    • does not last more than a month
  27. schizoaffective disorder
    patient suffers schizophrenia, depression, mania, or mixed
  28. egocentonic
    fundamental to who person is and resistant to change