high order set of feelings including shame, embarrasment, guilt, envy, and pride.
strategies we use to adjust the intensity or duration of our emotional reactions to a comfortable level so we can accomplilsh our goals.
requires voluntary effortful control
Relying on another person's emotional reaction to appraise an uncertain situation
The ability to dtect different emotions , to take another's emotional perspective and feel with that person or respond in a emotionally similar way
prosocial or altruistic behavior
actions that benefit another person without any expected reward for the self
feelings of concern or sorrow for another's plight
early-appearing , stable individual differences in reactivity and self regulaton
variations in quickness anad intensity of emotional arousal, attention, and motor action
strategies that modify reactivity
Form of temperament in which the child quickly establishes regular routines in infancy , is generally cheerful, and adapts easily to new experiences
temperament style in which a child has irregulary daily routines , is slow to accept new experiences , and tends to react negatively and intensely.
Slow to warm up child
Temperament style in which the child is inactive , shows mild, low-key reactions to environmental stimuli ; is negative in mood; and adjusts slowly to new experiences
the self regulatory dimension of temperment, involves voluntarily suppressing a dominant respionse in order to plan and execute a more adaptive response
Internal working model
set of expectations about the availabilty of attachment figures , their likelihood of providing support duirng times oof stress and the self's interaction with those figures
Describe Ainsworth's strange situation
infants use parents as a secure base . may or may not cry when seperated and prefer her to a stranger. actively seek contact on parent's return and crying stops immediately
infants seem unresonsive to the parent when she is parent and not distressed when she leaves. React to stanger in same way as parent. fail to cling when picked up
describe the different attachement styles
before seperation, infants seek closeness to the parent and often fail to explore. when parents leave they are distressed and upon return combine clinginess with angry resistive behavior.not easily comforted
the greatest insecurity. confused contradictory behaviors . dazed facial experession, and a few cry out unexpectedly.