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lowered taxes on molasses.
placed a tax on all printed material, including newspapers, wills and playing cards. All printed material had to have a stamp
- tax on glass lead paper and tea
- taxation without representation
Proclamation of 1763
- Forbade colonists to settle west of the Appalacian Mountains
- King George sent 10,000 british troops to enforce the proclamation.
- Collonists feared that British soldiers would take their freedom and they would have to pay for it
Declaration of Independence
- The document where America declares their independence from england
- John Hancock-first signer of the decaration of independence
- signed on July 4, 1776, 56 signers
First Continental Congress
- Colonists began to work together to protect their collective rights.
- decisions:Boycott british trade, endorse the Suffolk Resolves, four militias.
Second Continental Congress
- authorized printing of money
- set up a post office
- established committees to communicate with Native Americans
- created to Continental Army to fight against British
- chose George Washington to be the army's commander
- sent a petition called the Olive branch petition
- This act required people to give soldiers a place to stay.
- Colonists had to provide food, candles, beer, and transportation for troops
Intollerable acts, Coercive Acts
- closed Boston harbor
- made colonists pay for the ruined tea
- banned town meetings
- forced Bostinians to shelter soldiers in their own homes
allowed the British East India Company a virtual monopoly of the trade for tea in America.
Olive Branch Petition
- It assured the king of the colonists' desire for peace and asked him to protect the colonists' rights.
- George III refused to recieve the Petition
- Written by Thomas Paine
- In the published pamphlet he called for complete Independence
- This Pamphled greatly influenced opinion throughout the colonies.
Boston Tea Party
- The Sons of Liberty dressed as indians boarded ships loaded with tea and dumped 342 chests of tea into the water.
- December 16
- a mob of colonists harassed british troops, taunting them and throwing sticks and snowballs.
- The british shot at them and killed five men
Lexington and Concord
- British army planned to seize stores of clonial gunpowder and arms
- A shot was fired by an unknown person
Battle of Bunker Hill
- Don't shoot untill you see the whites of their eyes
- Colonists were low on ammo and gunpowder
- British had 1,000 dead and wounded