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Claude Debussy “Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun”
- The openign has 2 harp glissandos
- It is a series of varied repetitions.
- It features woodwind instruments.
- It shows Debussy's interest in orchestral color.
- The coda of this work Dies away into silence
- The mood of this work is Emotionally restrained
- modified ternary form "AABA" coda
- irregular meter
- orchestra: 3 flutes, 2 oboes
Igor Stravinsky “The Rite of Spring”
- Sounds atmospheric
- Suggests nature sounds
- Features woodwind instruments
- There are sudden changes in dynamics.
- There are sudden changes in musical ideas.
- There is frequent use of repetition.
- Is a whirlwind of orchestral sounds
Arnold Schoenberg “Der Mondfleck” no. 18 from “Pierrot
- This work is an example of Atonal music
- In this work, the soprano voice is the narrator
- The text is presented in a manner that Employs Sprechstimme (speech song)
- As the text repeats The melody does not repeat
- The image of flickering light is created by The fast tempo, The text, Melodies sung and played, jumping around
Anton Webern “Five Pieces for Orchestra, op. 10, III”
- This orchestral work features One of each instrument used
- Slow pulsating tones Begin and end the movement
- The meter Varies in the middle section
- Which instruments are muted? French horn, Trombone, Viola and cello
Henry Cowell, “The Banshee
- Why are two musicians needed to play this solo piano work? One plays inside the piano, the other operates the damper pedal
- In this work, piano strings are Swept, Strummed, and Plucked
- The damper pedal is depressed To allow all the strings to vibrate
- Light strumming of the strings is reminiscent of The Aeolian harp
- The title of this work refers to Ghosts
John Cage “Sonata V” from “Sonatas and Interludes”
- This piece is in Binary form
- The instrument used to perform this piece is a Piano
- The instrument used was "prepared" to create the different sounds.
- The melody is accompanied by sounds similar to Percussion instruments
- The melody has rhythmic contrast in Sections A and B
- tone clusters
- strumming piano strings
- Sprechstimme (for voice)
- Prepared piano
- Stretching the normal range of standard instruments
- What is an Aeolian Harp?
- What is Gamelan music?
- spiritually, imagination, dream
- symbolist poems sought to evoke rather than describe
- rejects heavy/serious german romantics
- vague rhythms/fluidity
- melodies come in & out
- senuous thone colors
- influences from asia/middle east via 1889 world exhibition in Paris
- non western instruments harmonies/melodies/rhythms
- debussy & ravel in france