Chapter8910111213reviewApril

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harstanner
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Chapter8910111213reviewApril
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2010-12-01 00:16:27
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April chapter review
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A&P Chapter review 8,9,10,11,12,13
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  1. True or False
    The adult skeleton consists of 206 separate bones
    True
  2. True or False
    Bones of the appendicular skeleton form the brain case and the vertebral column
    False
  3. Which is not part of the appendicular skeleton?
    A. Coxal Bones
    B. Radius
    C. Clavicle
    D. Parietal Bones
    D. Parietal Bones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The term sinus, as it relates to bone markings, may be defined as a:
    A. raised area or projection
    B. cavity within a bone
    C. tubelike opening or channel
    D. groove or elongated depression
    B. cavity within a bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Mastoiditis is the inflammation of a sinus within which bone(s)?
    A. Temporal
    B. Sphenoid
    C. Maxillae
    D. Frontal
    A. Temporal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. A fontanel can best be described as a(n):
    A. bone in the skull
    B. unossified area in the infant's skull
    C. articulation between two skull bones
    D. small opening
    B. unossified area in the infant's skull
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The skeletal framwork of the neck consists of:
    A. sacral vertebrae
    B. lumbar vertebrae
    C. thorasic vertebrae
    D. cervical vertebrae
    D. cervical vertebrae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The number of thoracic vertebrae is:
    A. 7
    B. 12
    C. 5
    D. 10
    B. 12
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Metacarpal bones formt he framework of the:
    A. ankle
    B. wrist
    C. hand
    D. foot
    C. hand
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A hunchback appearance of the thoracic region is probably caused by:
    A. slipped disk
    B. kyphosis
    C. lordosis
    D. scoliosis
    C. lordosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. First seven pairs of ribs that attach directly to the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    e. true rib
  12. Eleventh and twelfth ribs, which have no attachment to the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    c. floating rib
  13. Middle part of the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    a. body
  14. Most superior part of the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    d. manubrium
  15. the blunt, cartilaginous lower tip of the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    f. xiphoid process
  16. The five pairs of ribs that do not attach directly to the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    b. false ribs
  17. The material that attaches the rib, directly or indirectly, to the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    g. costal cartilage
  18. True or False
    Syndesmotic joints have hyaline cartilage at articular surfaces
    False
  19. True or False
    Synchondrotic joints between the ribs and the sternum allow for expansion of the chest cavity during breathing
    True
  20. True of False
    Condyloid (ellipsoidal) joints are biaxial joints in which one bone fits into a depression on another bone
    True
  21. True or False
    As a group, gliding joints are the least movable of the synovial joints
    True
  22. What are the most movable joints in the body?
    A. Synovial joints
    B. Symphayses
    C. Synchondroses
    D. Syndesmoses
    A. Synovial joints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Menisci are:
    A. cords of dense, white, fibrous tissue
    B. hyaline cartilage cushions
    C. extension of the periosteum
    D. fibrocartilage pads
    D. fibrocartilage pads
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Moving a body part away from the medial plane of the body is called:
    A. extension
    B. abduction
    C. adduction
    D. flexion
    B. abduction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The type of movement that increases the angel between body parts is:
    A. extension
    B. flextion
    C. adduction
    D. abduction
    A. extension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Tilting the foot upward, decreasing the angel between the top of the foot and the front of the leg, is called:
    A. dorsiflextion
    B. extension
    C. plantar flexion
    D. pronation
    A. dorsiflexion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Deterioration of the nucleus pulposus results in:
    A. a "slipped disk"
    B. osteoporosis
    C. "housemaids knee"
    D. total hip replacement
    A. a "slipped disk"
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Thin layer of cartilage covering the articulating surfaces of teh bones
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    a. articular cartilage
  29. Closed pillowlike structures formed from synovial membrane
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    g. bursae
  30. Small space between two articualting bones
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    c. joint cavity
  31. Secretes a lubricating fluid into the joint capsule
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    b. synovial membrane
  32. Pads of fibrocartilage between articulating bones
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    d. menisci
  33. Strong cords of dense white connective tissue that help stabilize a joint
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    f. ligaments
  34. Sleevelike extension of the periosteum of each of the articulating bones in a joint
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    e. joint capsule
  35. The covering of individual muscle fibers is the:
    A. perimysium
    B. endomysium
    C. periosteum
    D. epimysium
    B. endomysium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Muscles that contract at the same time as the prime movers are called:
    A. both a and b
    B. fixators
    C. antagonists
    D. synergists
    A. both a and b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Muscles may be named according to:
    a. function
    b. direction of fibers
    c. points of attachment
    d. all the above
    d. all the above
  38. When an athlete injures the Achilles Tendon, the injury is on the:
    A. upper arm
    B. posterior lower leg
    C. posterior buttocks
    D. anterior thigh
    B. posterior lower leg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. True or False
    A fixator muscle can be seen as another thpe of synergist muscle
    True
  40. True or False
    The sternocleidomastoid muscle is an example of a muscle named by the number of heads
    False
  41. Skeletal muscles constitute approximately ____ of our body weight
    A. 75%
    B. 10%
    C. 50%
    D. 25%
    C. 50%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. An aponeurosis could be described as a:
    A. sheath that surrounds tendons
    B. junction between a neuron and a muscle
    C. deep fascia that covers muscles
    D. flat sheet of connective tissue connecting muscle to other structures
    D. flat sheet of conective tissue connecting muscle to other structures
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. A muscle that assists with mastication is the:
    A. platysma
    B. masseter
    C. orbicularis oris
    D. buccinator
    B. masseter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. True or False
    The respiratory, digestive, circulatory, excretory, and endocrine systems all contribut to the ability of muscles to maintain poster
    True
  45. Muscles that directly oppose prime movers
    A. fixators
    B. prime movers
    C. synergists
    D. antagonists
    D. antagonists
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Muscles that play the major role in accomplishing a particular movement
    A. antagonists
    B. prime movers
    C. synergists
    D. fixators
    B. prime movers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Muscles that contract at the same time as the prime mover, producing a more effective movement
    A. synergists
    B. fixators
    C. prime movers
    D. antagonists
    A. synergists
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Muscles that help maintain posture or balance during contraction of muscles acting on joints in the arms and legs
    A. prime movers
    B. synergists
    C. antagonists
    D. fixators
    D. fixators
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. gluteus maximus
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    h. buttocks
  50. biceps brachii
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    f. upper arm
  51. trapezius
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    b. back
  52. pectoralis major
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    c. chest
  53. adductor magnus
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    i. thigh
  54. pronator teres
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    g. forearm
  55. external oblique
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    d. abdominal wall
  56. deltoid
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    e. shoulder
  57. sternocleidomstoid
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    a. neck
  58. gastrocnemius
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    j. leg
  59. draw(s) the eyebrows together, producing vertical wrinkles (frowning)
    a. buccinator b. corrugator supercilii
    c. epicranius d. orbicularis oculi
    e. ptertgoid f. sternocleidomastoid
    b. corrugator supercilii
  60. causes sideways movement during mastication
    a. buccinator b. corrugator supercilii
    c. epicranius d. orbicularis oculi
    e. ptertgoid f. sternocleidomastoid
    e. pterygoid
  61. creates smile expression
    a. buccinator b. corrugator supercilii
    c. epicranius d. orbicularis oculi
    e. ptertgoid f. sternocleidomastoid
    a. bucinator
  62. raise(s) the eyebrows (surprise)
    a. buccinator b. corrugator supercilii
    c. epicranius d. orbicularis oculi
    e. ptertgoid f. sternocleidomastoid
    c. epiranius
  63. flex(es) the head (prayer muscle)
    a. buccinator b. corrugator supercilii
    c. epicranius d. orbicularis oculi
    e. ptertgoid f. sternocleidomastoid
    f. sternocleidomastoid
  64. close(s) the eye
    a. buccinator b. corrugator supercilii
    c. epicranius d. orbicularis oculi
    e. ptertgoid f. sternocleidomastoid
    d. orbicularis oculi
  65. True or False
    A triad consists of a T-tubule sandwiched between sacs of the sarcoplamic reticulum
    True
  66. The chief function of the T-tubles is to:
    A. allow for the fiber to contract
    B. allow for the generation of new muscle fibers
    C. provide nutrients to the muscle fibers
    D. allow for electrical signals to move deeper into the cell
    D. allow for electrical signals to move deepter into the cell
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. True or False
    Actin, troponin, and tropomyosin are present on the thick myofilament
    False
  68. True or False
    When the sarcomere contracts, the I-bands become smaller
    True
  69. True or False
    The difference between red and white fibers is the amount of glycogen
    False
  70. Bundles of fine fibers that extend lengthwise along muscle fibers are called:
    A. myofilaments
    B. sarcoplasmic reticulum
    C. myofibrils
    D. striae
    C. myofibrils
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. Thick myofilaments extend the length of the:
    A. i-band
    B. z-band
    C. a-band
    d. none of the above
    C. a-band
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. The neurotransmitter(s) secreted at the motor end plates of skeletal muscles is/are:
    A. neropinephrine
    B. dopamine
    C. acetylcholine
    d. any of the above
    C. acetylcholine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. The first event to occure in mucle relaxation is:
    A. myosin corss-bridges are prevented from binding to actin
    B. the sarcoplasmic reticulum begins actively pumping calcium back into its sacs
    C. tropomyosin returns to its original position
    D. acetylcholine is released
    B. the sarcoplasmic reticulum begins actively pumping calsium back into its sacs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. All of the following are true cahracteristics of an isometric contraction except:
    A. the muscles does not shorten
    B. they can produce work by tightening to resist a force
    C. movement is produced
    D. the tension prodiced by the myosin cross-birdges cannot overcome the load placed on the muscle
    D. movement is produced
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. protien that has active sites for corss-bridge heads
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    c. actin
  76. by energizing these structures, chemical energy is converted to mechanical energy
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    g. cross bridges
  77. the stimulus to contract the muscle is carried inside the muscle by this structure
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    d. T-tubules
  78. protein that directly prevents the formation of cross-bridges in the sarcomere
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    h. tropomyosin
  79. Chemical released by the motor neuron that initiates the stimulus for a muscle contraction
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    i. acetylcholine
  80. muscle contraction compound that supplies the energy
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    e. ATP
  81. ion that is released by the sarcoplasmic reticulum
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    f. calcium
  82. protein that has cross-bridge heads that pull on the thin fiber
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    b. myosin
  83. protein that has receptor sites for an ion that causes it to change shape and pull another protein away fromthe recepotor sites on the actin
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    a. troponin
  84. True or False
    the afferent nervous system consists of all outgoing motor pathways
    False
  85. True or False
    Ependymal cells engulf and destroy microbes and cellular debris in inflammed or degenerating brain tissue
    False
  86. True or False
    Most injuries to the brain and spinal cord cause permanent damage
    True
  87. The part of the nervous system that transmits impulses from the CNS to the skeletal muscle is the
    A. autonomic nervous system
    B. central nervous system
    C. afferent division
    D. somatic nervous system
    D. somatic nervous system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. the myelin sheath is formed by:
    A. Schwann cells
    B. neuron cell bodies
    C. nodes of Ranvier
    D. Nissl bodies
    B. neuron cell bodies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. Gray matter in the brain and spinal cord consists primarily of:
    A. neuroglia
    B. cell bodies
    C. nerve fibers
    D. axons
    B. cell bodies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. During a relative refractory periord:
    A. the action potential can be initiated with a strong stimulus
    B. the resting potential exists
    C. the action potential cannot be initiated
    D. the cell membrane is impermeable to Na+ and K+
    A. the action potential can be initiated with a stron stimulus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. A synaptic knob would be located on a(n):
    A. dendrite
    B. cell body
    C. axon
    D. cell body, axon or dendrite
    C. axon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. when an impulse reaches a synapse:
    A. two nerve fibers come in direct contact
    B. impulses will pass in either direction
    C. chemical transmitters are released
    D. an electrical spark will jump the gap
    C. chemical transmitters are released
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. True or False
    If a skeletal muscle moved, it would be responding to the somatic nervous system
    True
  94. consists of the brain and spinal cord
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    c. central nervous system
  95. consists of nerves that lie in the periphery of the nervous system
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous systemc. central nervous system d. efferent divisione. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    f. peripheral nervous
  96. PNS subdivision that transmits incoming information from the sensory organs to CNS
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    a. afferent
  97. produces the fight or flight response
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    h. sympathetic
  98. subdivision that carries information from the CNS to skeletal muscles
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    g. somtaic
  99. subdivision of the efferent division that transmits information to smooth and cardic muscles & glands
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    b. autonomic
  100. consists of all the outgoing motor pathways
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    d. efferent
  101. sometimes called the rest and repair division
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    e. parasympathetic
  102. True or False
    The central nervous system includes all of the nervous system except the peripheral nervous system
    True
  103. True or False
    Cerebrospinal fluid circulates in the subarachnoid space of the meninges
    True
  104. True or False
    Peripheral motor neuron cell bodies are located in the dorsal root ganglia of the spinal nerves
    False
  105. True or False
    The four large, fluid-filled spaces within the brain are called ventricles
    True
  106. The layers of the meninges that serves as the inner periosteum of the cranial bone is the:
    A. dura mater
    B. arachnoid membrane
    C. pia mater
    A. dura mater
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  107. The innermost layer of the meninges is the:
    A. arachnoid membrane
    B. pia mater
    C. dura mater
    B. pia mater
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  108. Cerebrospinal fluid is found in all of the following except the:
    A. subarachnoid space
    B. central canal
    C. subdural space
    D. third ventricle
    C. subdural space
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  109. If the ventral nerve root of a spinal nerve were destroyed, a person would lose:
    A. only reflex activity to that pathway
    B. both reflex activity and sensation related to that pathway
    C. sensory perception
    D. will movement related to that pathway
    D. will movement related to that pathway
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  110. The brainstem does not include the:
    A. medulla
    B. cerebellum
    C. midbrain
    D. pons
    B. cerebellum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  111. The cerebellum perfomrs all of the following functions except:
    A. controls cardiac function
    B. controls skeletal muscle to maintain balance
    C. coordinates control of muscle action
    D. helps contrl posture
    B. control skeletal muscle to maintain balance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  112. when someone close to you dies, you feel a sens of sorrow among other emotions. Your ability to experience emotion is the result of the:
    A. caudate nucleus
    B. reticular activating system
    C. pineal gland
    D. limbic system
    D. limbic system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  113. William was recently involved in a serious car accident. As a result he has had difficulty controlling his skeletal muscles and maintaining his balance. What part of the nervous system was most likely damaged:
    A. Myelin sheath of the peripheral neurons
    B. Cerebral cortex
    C. Cerebellum
    D. Pineal gland
    C. cerebellum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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