AP Psych chapter 4, 31-65

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tonio21193
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AP Psych chapter 4, 31-65
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2010-11-16 19:20:08
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AP Psych
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Chapter 4 words 31-65
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  1. Cue to depth that involves images of objects at different distances moving across the retina at different rates.
    Motion parallax
  2. a vision deficiency in which close objects are seen clearly but distant objects appear blurry
    nearsightedness
  3. the sensory system for smell
    olfactory system
  4. the theory that color perception depends on receptors that make antagonistic responses to three pairs of colors
    opponent process theory
  5. the point at which the optic nerves from the inside half of each eye cross over and then project to the opposite half of the brain
    optic chiasm
  6. a hole in the retina where the optic nerve fibers exit the eye
    optic disk
  7. simultaneously extracting differrent kinds of information from the same input
    parallel processing
  8. the selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory input
    perception
  9. a tendency to experience a stable perception in the face of continually changing sensory input
    perceptual constancy
  10. a readiness to perceive a stimulus in a particular way
    perceptual set
  11. the illusion of movement created by presenting visual stimuli in rapid succession
    phi phenomenon
  12. clues about distance that can be given in a flat picture
    pictorial depth cues
  13. the idea that perception of pitch corresponds to the vibration of different portions, or places, along the basilar membrane
    place theory
  14. the stimulus energies that impinge directly on sensory receptors
    proximal stimuli
  15. the study of how physical stimuli are translated into psychological experience
    psychophysics
  16. the opening in the center of the iris that helps regulate the amount of light passing into the rear chamber of the eye
    pupil
  17. the retinal area that, when stimulated, affects the firing of that cell
    receptive field of a visual cell
  18. the neural tissue lining the inside back surface of the eye; it absorbs light, processes images, and sends visual information to the brain
    retina
  19. a cue to the depth based on the fact that objects within 25 feet project images to slightly different locations on the left and right retinas, so the right and left eyes see slightly different views of the object
    retinal disparity
  20. a drawing that is compatible with two different interpretations that can shift back and forth
    reversible figure
  21. specialized visual receptors that play a key role in night vision and peripheral vision
    rods
  22. the stimulation of sense organs
    sensation
  23. a gradual decline in sensitivity to prolonged stimulation
    sensory adaptation
  24. a psychophysiological theory proposing that the detection of stimuli involves decision processes as well as sensory processes, which are influenced by a variety of factors besides the physical intensity of a stimulus
    signal-detection theory
  25. the perception of contours where none actuall exist
    subjective contours
  26. the registration of sensory input without conscious awareness
    subliminal perception
  27. formation of colors by removing some wavelengths of light, leaving less light that was originall there
    subtractive color mixing
  28. the sensory system for touch
    tactile system
  29. a dividing point between energy levels that do and do not have a detectable effect
    threshold
  30. in form perception, a progression from the whole to the elements
    top-down processing
  31. the theory of color vision holding tha t the human eye has three types of receptors with differing sensitivities to different wavelengths
    trichromatic theory
  32. the sensory system that responds to gravity and keeps people informed of their body's location in space
    vestibular system
  33. an inability to recognize objects
    visual agnosia
  34. the theory holding that groups of auditory nerve fibers fire neural impulses in rapid succession, creating volleys of impulses
    volley principle
  35. the theory stating that the size of a just noticeable difference is a constant proportion of the size of the initial stimulus
    weber's law

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