week 11

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  1. Whorled or opp. leaves: big, entire, slightly pubescent
    long capsule fruit w/ winged seeds
    Image Upload 1Image Upload 2
    • Catalpa speciosa (showy)
    • Bignoniaceae; catalpa
    • *Fruit: capsule
    • formerly used for fence posts
    • cultivated for catalpa worms for fish bait
  2. thick opp. leaves, lobed w/ teeth!
    pubImage Upload 3escent petioleImage Upload 4
    Oakleaf Hydrangea (Hydrangea quercifolia) Snow Queen
    • Hydrangea quercifolia (oak-leaved)
    • Saxifragaceae; oakleaf hydrangea
    • fruit: capsule
    • "Saxifrage Family"
    • native to Gulf Coast
  3. opp. shiny evergreen leaves folded along midrib
    translucent margin
    Glossy Privet (Ligustrum lucidum)Image Upload 5
    • Ligustrum lucidum (shining)
    • Oleaceae; glossy privet
    • fruit: drupe
    • native to china
    • used for screening, but invasive along Gulf coast
    • songbirds
  4. bamboo
    leaf edge no as sharp as other
    Image Upload 6
    • Phyllostachys aurea (golden)
    • Poaceae; yellow bamboo
    • fruit: caryopsis
    • native to Asia
    • sprouts fromj rizomes
    • monocarpic = flower once and die
  5. warty bark
    smaller, crooked tree
    dryer sites
    leaves shorter, fatter, always serrated
    Dwarf Hackberry (Celtis tenuifolia)Dwarf Hackberry (Celtis tenuifolia)
    • Celtis tenuifolia (thin-leaved)
    • Ulmaceae; dwarf hackberry
    • fruit: drupe
  6. Vine/twining shrub
    opp. evergreen leaves elliptical, entire, glabrous
    Image Upload 7Image Upload 8Image Upload 9
    • Gelsemium sempervirens (evergreen)
    • Loganiaceae; jasmine
    • fruit: capsule
    • poisonous to humans
  7. spiky young foliage
    scaly mature foliage completely covers twig
    Eastern Redcedar (Juniperus virginiana)Eastern Redcedar (Juniperus virginiana)
    • Juniperus virginiana (of VA)
    • Cupressaceae; eastern redcedar, juniper
    • *Cone: peltate, FLESHY
    • Red heartwood used for chests, closets, pet bedding, novelties
    • female cone used to flavor gin
    • dioecious
  8. evergreen shrub/small tree
    alt. elliptical entire leaves
    only midvein visible
    Mountain-Laurel (Kalmia latifolia)Mountain-Laurel (Kalmia latifolia)Image Upload 10
    • Kalmia latifolia (broad-leaved)
    • Ericaceae; mountain laurel
    • fruit: capsule
    • HEATH family
    • leaves/twigs poisonous to humans/livestock
    • deer, grouse food
  9. glabrous leaves and buds
    sometwigs are thorn-like
    mature bark blocky/scaly
    Common Pear (Pyrus communis)Common Pear (Pyrus communis)Image Upload 11
    • Pyrus communis (common)
    • Rosaceae; common pear
    • fruit: pome
    • native to Europe/Asia
    • may persist after cultivation at old home sites
  10. often small/crooked form
    duck foot leaf
    adult leaves may not have bristles
    pubescent undersides
    Blackjack Oak (Quercus marilandica)Image Upload 12Image Upload 13
    • Quercus marilandica (of MD)
    • Fagaceae; blackjack oak
    • fruit: nut
    • low comm. value
    • railroad ties, posts, fuelwood
    • red oak
  11. dry site, leaves like michauxii
    deeply ridged bark
    acorn has thin bowl cap
    Image Upload 14Image Upload 15Image Upload 16
    • Quercus montana (of the mountains)
    • Fagaceae; chestnut oak
    • *fruit: nut
    • high wildlife value, low wood value
    • railroad ties, fuelwood
  12. ridged layered bark, excurrent
    young branches winged
    oblique leaf base
    smaller leaf
    Winged Elm (Ulmus alata) leavesWinged Elm (Ulmus alata) wingsWinged Elm (Ulmus alata) leaves
    • Ulmus alata (winged)
    • Ulmaceae; winged elm
    • fruit: samara
    • smaller than other elms
  13. large shrub on dry sites
    opp, dentate (large teeth) leaf
    big round lenticels on bark
    Southern Arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum)Southern Arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum)Southern Arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum)Southern Arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum)
    • Viburnum dentatum (dentate)
    • Adoxaceae; southern arrowwood
    • fruit: drupe
    • winter food for songbirds
  14. Western Pine
    no grass stage cone scales have prickles and are reddish brown
    Image Upload 17
    • Pinus ponderosa (heavy)
    • Pinaceae; ponderosa pine
    • *Cone: Flat scale
    • 2nd in total timber volume in West
    • sold as western yellow pine
  15. small 1" cone w/ 6-7 scales, looks like mini rosebud
    Image Upload 18
    • Thuja plicata (folded)
    • Cupressaceae; western redcedar
    • *Cone: flat scale
    • late successional species of Pac. NW
    • most cedar shingles and shakes are made with this sp.
Card Set
week 11
NCSU Campus and Umstead State Park
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