Med Term Chapter 5

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Med Term Chapter 5
2010-11-17 21:31:52

medical terminolgy
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  1. pulmonary circulation
    circulation of blood from the pulmonary artery through the vessels in the lungs and back to the heart via the pulmonary vein, providing for the exchange of gases
  2. Coronary circulation
    circulation of blood
  3. Systemic circulation
    circulation of blood throughout the body via arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins to deliver oxygen and nutrients to body tissues
  4. Veins
    Vessels that carry blood to the heart from the venules
  5. Capillaries
    Tiny vessels that join arterioles and venules
  6. Venules
    Small vessels that recieve blood from the arteries
  7. Capillaries
    Tiny vessels that join arterioles and venules
  8. Arterioles
    Small vessels that recieve blood from the arteries
  9. Aorta
    Large artery that is the main trunk of the arterial system branching from the left ventricle
  10. Arteries
    Vessels that carry blood from the heart to the arterioles
  11. Valves of the viens
    Valves located at intervals within the lining of veins, especially in the legs, which constrict with muscle action to move the blood returning to the heart
  12. Tricuspid Valve
    Valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle
  13. Pulmonary semilunar valve
    Heart valve opening from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery
  14. Mitral Valve
    Bicuspid Valve
    Heart valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle
  15. Aortic valve
    Heart valve between the left ventricle and the aorta
  16. Heart valves
    Structures within the heart that open and close with the heartbeat to regulate the one-way flow of blood
  17. Ventricle
    Lower right or left chamber or heart
  18. Parietal Pericardium
    Fluid filled cavity between the pericardial layer
  19. Visceral pericardium
    Layer closest to the heart
  20. Pericardium
    Protective sac enclosing the heart composed of two layers with fluid between
  21. Myocardium
    Heart Muscle
  22. Interventricular septum
    Partition between the right and left ventricles
  23. Interatial septum
    Partition between the right and left atria
  24. Endocardium
    Membrane lining the cavities of the heart
  25. Atrium
    Upper right or left chamber of the heart
  26. Ventricul/o
    Ventricle (belly or pouch)
  27. Varic/o
    Swollen twisted vein
  28. Ven/o
  29. Thromb/o
  30. Sphygm/o
  31. Pector/o
  32. My/o
  33. Coron/o
    Circle or crown
  34. Cardi/o
  35. Atri/o
  36. Ather/o
    Fatty paste
  37. Arteri/o
  38. Aort/o
  39. Diastole
    to expand; period during the cardiac cycle when blood enters the relaxed ventricles from the aorta
  40. systole
    to contract; period druing the cardiac cycle when the heart is in contraction and the blood is ejected through the aorta and the pulmonary artery
  41. normotension
    normal blood pressure
  42. hypotension
    low blood pressure
  43. hypertension HTN
    high blood pressure