hormones

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Author:
ericarome
ID:
50507
Filename:
hormones
Updated:
2010-11-18 20:23:52
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hormones
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  1. this hormone stimulates the liver to change glycogen to glucose
    glucagon
  2. glucagon opposes the action of
    insulin
  3. because glucagon opposes the action of insulin, it is a treatment for
    insulin shock
  4. hormone produced by pancreas
    insulin
  5. hormone that clears sugar (glucose) from the blood
    insulin
  6. how does insulin clear sugar from the blood?
    it helps by storing sugar as carbohydrates instead (glycogen)
  7. this hormone is actually 2 active iodine-containing hormones
    thyroid hormone
  8. this hormone increases the rate of oxygen comsumption
    thryoid hormone
  9. by increasing the rate of oxygen consumption, thyroid hormone increases the rate of
    metabolism
  10. thyroxine comes from where?
    thyroid
  11. t3 comes from where?
    t4
  12. there is only one hormone that comes from the parathyroid gland
    parathyroid hormone (PTH)
  13. this hormone regulates calcium balance
    parathyroid hormone
  14. where does PTH get the calcium and where does it go?
    to the bloodstream (from bones)
  15. parathyroid hormone's relationship to the intestines
    enhances absorption of calcium and phosphates in the intestines (causing a rise in blood levels of calcium and phosphates)
  16. PTH relationship to kidneys
    conserve blood calcium, increase excretion of phosphates in urine
  17. 3 types of steroid hormones from the adrenal cortex
    • mineralocorticoids
    • glucocorticoids
    • sex hormones
  18. main mineralocorticoid
    aldosterone
  19. main glucocorticoid
    cortisol
  20. adrenal medulla cells secrete these 2 hormones
    epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline)
  21. liver converts stored glycogen to glucose
    glycogenolysis
  22. when glucose is low, glucagon stimulates release of ___ from the ___
    glucose from the liver
  23. insulin balances this hormone (they are opposites)
    glucagon
  24. ovulation is blocked when this hormone is high
    melatonin

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