diabetes.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
ercienne
ID:
50596
Filename:
diabetes.txt
Updated:
2010-11-19 12:21:33
Tags:
DM
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Description:
diabetes (gylys and dummies)
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  1. this is the organ affected
    pancreas
  2. body doesn't produce enough
    insulin
  3. or, body produces insulin but
    doesn't use it properly
  4. what does insulin do?
    converts sugar starch food into energy
  5. insulin is a kind of
    hormone
  6. what happens to blood glucose in diabetes?
    it gets too high
  7. these 2 are excreted in the urine, causing problems
    glucose and sodium
  8. muscle weakness, fatigue can result from losing too much of these 2
    sodium and potassium
  9. glucose goes out with the urine and therefore isn't around to enter the
    cells
  10. cellular starvation happens when
    glucose can't enter the cells
  11. cellular starvation makes you
    hungry
  12. type 1 diabetes definition
    body doesn't produce insulin
  13. type 1 treatment:
    insulin injections, because they don't make insulin
  14. injections of insulin are given to help maintain a normal level of this, in the blood
    glucose
  15. type 2 diabetes can happen 2 ways
    • 1. body not making enough insulin
    • 2. body's cells are resistant to insulin action
  16. cell starvation can happen because of
    hyperglycemia
  17. what do oral antidiabetics do? (2)
    • activate the release of insulin from the pancreas
    • improve the body's sensitivity to insulin
  18. diabetic coma aka
    • diabetic acidosis
    • diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
  19. diabetic coma happens when there's
    not enough insulin
  20. chemical produced by specialized cells that is released slowly in small amounts into the bloodstream
    hormone
  21. produced by endocrine glands and carried through blood to target
    hormones

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