Gylys Chpt 4

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Bea7
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50657
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Gylys Chpt 4
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2010-11-19 20:13:31
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Gylys Chapter Medical Terminology
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Medical Terminology
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  1. pertaining to the sole of the foot
    plantar
  2. tailbone
    coccyx
  3. ventral cavity that contains heart, lungs, and associated structures
    thoracic
  4. toward the surface of the body
    superficial
  5. lying horizontal with face downward
    prone
  6. turning outward
    eversion
  7. nearer to the center (trunk of the body)
    proximal
  8. ventral cavity that contains digestive, reproductive, and excretory structures
    abdominopelvic
  9. turning inward or inside out
    inversion
  10. part of the spine known as the neck
    cervical
  11. movement toward the median plane
    adduction
  12. away from the head; toward the tail or lower part of a structure
    inferior (caudal)
  13. away from the surface of the body (internal)
    deep
  14. part of the spine known as the loin
    lumbar
  15. near the back of the body
    posterior (dorsal)
  16. nucleus
    kary/o
  17. far, farthest
    dist/o
  18. process of recording
    -graphy
  19. knowing
    -gnosis
  20. white
    leuk/o
  21. internal organs
    viscer/o
  22. yellow
    jaund/o
  23. tissue
    hist/o
  24. forming, producing, origin
    -genesis
  25. below, under
    infra
  26. excess, beyond
    ultra
  27. tail
    caud/o
  28. back (of body)
    dors/o
  29. gray
    poli/o
  30. cause
    eti/o
  31. form, shape, structure
    morph/o
  32. dry
    xer/o
  33. unknown, peculiar
    idi/o
  34. toward
    ad
  35. body
    somato
  36. specialty concerned with the use of electromagnetic radiation, ultrasound, and imaging technologies
    radiology
  37. measurement of blood flow in a vessel by reflecting sound waves off moving blood cells.
    Doppler
  38. imaging technique that employs high frequency sound waves
    ultrasonography
  39. visual examination of the lungs, pleura, and pleural space with a scope inserted through a small incision between the ribs
    thoracoscopy
  40. excision of a core sample of tissue for examination
    punch biopsy
  41. visual examination of a cavity or canal using a special lighted instrument
    endoscopy
  42. use of a radioactive material and scanning device to determine size, shape, location, and function of various organs and structures.
    nuclear scan
  43. radiographic technique that directs x-rays to a fluorescent screen and displays "live" images on a moniter.
    flouroscopy
  44. disease, or pertaining to disease
    morbid
  45. substance that emits radiation spontaneously; also called tracer
    radionuclide
  46. feverish; pertaining to a fever
    febrile
  47. partial excision of a bone, organ, or other structure.
    resection
  48. producing or associated with generation of pus
    supperative
  49. destruction of tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals
    cauterize
  50. removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, electrocautery, freezing, or radiofrequency (RF)
    ablation
  51. AP
    anteroposterior
  52. atlantoaxial
    joint between the first and second cervical vertebrae
  53. cervical
    pertaining to the neck
  54. lateral
    away from the midline
  55. lumbar
    pertaining to the lowerback, the last 5 vertebrae
  56. lumbosacral junction
    where the 5th lumbar vertebra joins the sacrum
  57. odontoid
    like or resembling a tooth
  58. sacral
    pertaining to the sacrum
  59. scoliosis
    curvature of the spine -usually a 'C' or 'S' shape
  60. spasm
  61. spina bifida occulta
    developmental birth defect; one of the mildest forms of spina bifida -the split in the vertebrae is so small that the spinal cord doesn't protrude
  62. vetebral bodies
    the columnal shaped stacking part of the vertebrae that are separated by the vertebral discs.
  63. anterior
    toward the front of the body
  64. AP
    • anteroposterior: From front to back. When a chest x-ray is taken with the back against the film plate and the x-ray machine in front of the patient it is
    • called an anteroposterior (AP) view. As opposed to from back to front
    • (which is called posteroanterior).
  65. distal
    away from the center of the body
  66. dorsal
    toward the back
  67. epicondyle
    upon the condyle (rounded articular area)
  68. humerus
    the long bone of the upper arm
  69. lucency
    • In radiology, a region in an image caused by an absorber of lower x-ray
    • attenuation than its surrounding tissues; in general, the opposite of
    • opacity.
  70. medial
    toward the midline
  71. mm
  72. posterior
    toward the back
  73. radius
    the lateral long bone of the forearm
  74. ulna
    the medial long bone of the forearm
  75. ventral-lateral
    the front (ventral) and side (lateral ) of a body structure

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