Chapter 7 Vocab

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50717
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Chapter 7 Vocab
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2010-11-20 09:45:02
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Ch7
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Ch7 vocab
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  1. A homopolysaccharide of glucose; it is ihighly branched and found exclusively in animal cells
    glycogen
  2. Formed by cyclization of a ketose sugar
    hemiketal
  3. A homopolysaccharide of glucose units connected by (a1-->4) glycosidic bonds; found exclusively in plants
    starch
  4. Simple sugars
    monosaccharides
  5. Heteropolysaccharides such as hyaluronate
    glycosaminoglycans
  6. Glycogen and cellulose, with thousands of simple sugar subunits are examples
    polysaccharides
  7. Oxidation of the carbonyl carbon of sugars (except glucose) results in the formation of ______ acids
    aldonic
  8. A compound with an asymmetrical atom allowing formation of mirror-image isomers has one or more _____ centers
    chiral
  9. B-D-glucuronate is an example of a ________ acid
    uronic
  10. End of a polysaccharide chain that is not involved in a glycosidic bond and has a free anomeric carbon
    reducing
  11. Lactose and surcrose are examples
    disaccharides
  12. Polysaccharides cross-linked by peptides; found in bacterial cell walls
    peptidoglycans
  13. A ____ polysaccharide is a polymer of repeating monosacharides
    homo
  14. A sugar with a carbonyl group at C-2 (or any position other than C-1)
    ketose
  15. Catbohydrate moities are attached to glycoproteins through either N- or
    __ - ________ bonds
    O - glycosidic
  16. Six-membered ring form of sugars
    pyranose
  17. Five-membered ring form of sugars
    furanose
  18. A poolysaccharide containing more than one type of sugar is a _____ polysaccharide
    hetero
  19. Process that interconverts isomers of pyranoses
    mutarotation
  20. Lectins are proteins that bind to specific _________
    oligosaccharides
  21. Glycoconjugates containing protein and oligosaccharide portions: for example, glycophorin A.
    glycoproteins
  22. A homopolysaccharide of glycose units connected by (B1-->4) glycosidic bonds; it is found exclusively in plants.
    Cellulose
  23. An isomer that differs at only one of two or ore chiral centers.
    epimer
  24. Gangliosides, for example.
    glycolipid
  25. The a and B forms of a pyranose, for example.
    anomers
  26. In the formation of pyranoses, linkage between the aldehyde on C-1 and the alcohol on C-5.
    hemiacetal
  27. A sugar with the carbonyl group at C-1.
    aldose
  28. Animal tissues have an extracellular ______ composed of glycoconjugates and fibrous proteins.
    matrix

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