Chapter 7 Vocab
Card Set Information
Chapter 7 Vocab
A homopolysaccharide of glucose; it is ihighly branched and found exclusively in animal cells
Formed by cyclization of a ketose sugar
A homopolysaccharide of glucose units connected by (a1-->4) glycosidic bonds; found exclusively in plants
Heteropolysaccharides such as hyaluronate
Glycogen and cellulose, with thousands of simple sugar subunits are examples
Oxidation of the carbonyl carbon of sugars (except glucose) results in the formation of ______ acids
A compound with an asymmetrical atom allowing formation of mirror-image isomers has one or more _____ centers
B-D-glucuronate is an example of a ________ acid
End of a polysaccharide chain that is not involved in a glycosidic bond and has a free anomeric carbon
Lactose and surcrose are examples
Polysaccharides cross-linked by peptides; found in bacterial cell walls
A ____ polysaccharide is a polymer of repeating monosacharides
A sugar with a carbonyl group at C-2 (or any position other than C-1)
Catbohydrate moities are attached to glycoproteins through either
__ - ________ bonds
O - glycosidic
Six-membered ring form of sugars
Five-membered ring form of sugars
A poolysaccharide containing more than one type of sugar is a _____ polysaccharide
Process that interconverts isomers of pyranoses
Lectins are proteins that bind to specific _________
Glycoconjugates containing protein and oligosaccharide portions: for example, glycophorin A.
A homopolysaccharide of glycose units connected by (B1-->4) glycosidic bonds; it is found exclusively in plants.
An isomer that differs at only one of two or ore chiral centers.
Gangliosides, for example.
The a and B forms of a pyranose, for example.
In the formation of pyranoses, linkage between the aldehyde on C-1 and the alcohol on C-5.
A sugar with the carbonyl group at C-1.
Animal tissues have an extracellular ______ composed of glycoconjugates and fibrous proteins.