SMTE

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Author:
nicholetharps
ID:
50729
Filename:
SMTE
Updated:
2010-11-22 01:39:21
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Teaching Science
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Description:
Test 3 Review
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  1. What phylum has segmentation as one of it's main characteristics?
    Annelida
  2. Why is segmentation an advantageous characteristic?
    • - Allows mobility and locomotion
    • - High degree of specialization among body tissue
  3. What are two classes in the phylum Echinodermata AND give an example of each class?
    • - Asteroida- Sea Star
    • - Holothuroida- Sea Cucumber
  4. What are two classes in the phylum Anthropoda AND give an example of each class?
    • -Arachnida- Spider
    • -Insecta- Butterfly
  5. What are two main differences between bony fish and cartilaginious fish? (Provide scientific name for these classes and receive extra credit)
    • -Chondrithyes
    • -Ocheithyes

    • Differences
    • -Bony fish have a blatter which allows bouyancy
    • -Bony fish= flat scales and cartilaginious, have tooth like scales
  6. Describe the life cyle of amphibians. In your description, describe at least three changes that occur in the physiology of the organisms.
    • Tad Pole
    • - 2 chamber heart
    • - aquatic herbivore

    • Tetrapod
    • - 3 chamber heart
    • - Carnivorous
    • - External eardrum
  7. Describe the three orders of reptiles AND give an example of each
    • 1. Chelonia- Turtle
    • 2. Crocodilia- Crocidile
    • 3. Squamata - lizards
  8. What is the main evolutionary advancement that is associated with reptiles?
    Amniotic eggs allow reptiles to give birth on land
  9. What is the main evolutionary advancement that is associated with amphibians?
    Metamorphosis allows organisms to transition to a more competitive adult. Aquatic -> Terrestrial
  10. What is the main evolutionary advancement that is assiciated with Echionodermata?
    • -water vascular system
    • -functions for feeding, locomotion, and gas exchange
    • -mouth on underside
  11. What is the main evolutionary advancement that is associated with Porifera?
    specialized cells with specialized jobs
  12. What is the main evolutionary advancement that is associated with Cnideria?
    • Defense mechanism= higher survival rate
    • -stinging cells
    • -one opening for mouth and anus
  13. What is the main evolutionary advancement that is associated with Annelida?
    • -coelum locomotion- body storage for development of complex organs
    • -segmentation- high degree of specialization of body organs
  14. What are four features that all vertebrate animals have in common?
    • 1. Notochord- back bone
    • 2. Dorsal Hollow Nerve cord- spinal cord, nervous system
    • 3. Pharyngeal Pouches- lungs
    • 4. Muscular Post and Tail
  15. Describe the structure and function of bird feathers?
    • - Constructed of keratin
    • - oil glands keep feather clean
    • - feathers maintain body temperature
  16. Describe at least four adaptations that are found in birds?
    • 1. Bill
    • 2. Gizzards
    • 3. Sight
    • 4. All organs adapted for flight
  17. jellyfish
    Cnideria
  18. Butterfly
    Arhtropoda
  19. Sea Anemone
    Cnideria
  20. Sand Dollar
    Echinodermata
  21. Tapeworm
    Platyhelminthes
  22. Coral
    Cnideria
  23. Clam
    Mollusca
  24. Millipede
    Arthropoda
  25. Spider
    Arthropoda
  26. Earthworm
    Annelida
  27. Snail
    Mollusca
  28. Crab
    Arthropoda
  29. Octopus
    Mollusca
    • Aorta
    • Pulmonary Artery
    • Left Atrium
    • Left Ventricle
    • Right Ventricle
    • Right Atrium
    • -rectus abdominus
    • -gluteus maximus
    • -biceps femoris
    • -triceps
    • -hamstrings
    • -quadraceps
    • -pectoralis major
    • -latissmus dorsi
    • -deltoids

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