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- from california, very large pine cone
- needles in bundles of 5
Long Leaf Pine
- wet sandy soils, needles bundle of 3
- highly resistant to fire, resinous wood
- for lumber and pulp.
- piedmont, southern appalachian,
- heavily cultivated, considered yellow pine
- landscape timber, withstands fire(pyroclimax)
- grows in sandy soils, native 3 needle pine
- acidic soil pH, yellow pine grouping
- cone scale with spiny prickle
- serotinous cone (mature late in season open by fire)
- upper great lakes species
- NOT commercially valuable
- resting home for kirkland warbler
- used in paper and timber production,
- dark green in color, cones have bluntly to
- sharply triangular pointed scale tips
Eastern White Pine
- native tree, 5 needles in a cluster
- rounded, irregular shape
- cone scales smooth, resinous,
- bark varies with age, soft wood for
- ship building
- 2 needles in a cluster, smooth cone scales
- plantation tree, sandy loam soils, common
- around adirondack lakes, seeds food source
- for squirrels, mice voles etc.
Colorado Blue Spruce
- light flexible cone scales, commonly found
- along stream sides in mtn valleys.
- rhombic needles in cross-section
- 2 needled pine, introduced from Europe
- ornamental use, needles twisted and
- blue in color.
- cone looks like mouse tail, leaves are flat
- soft and linear, used in construction & most
- commonly marketed xmas tree.
- cones found at very tip of the pine,
- conical to irregular cone, shade tolerant tree,
- pendant terminal cones, deep furrowed bark