Recognize the definition of trauma and how traumatic events impact functioning.
Peter Levine – “Trauma is caused by a stressful occurrence that is outside of the range of usual human experience, and that would be markedly stressful to anyone.”
Robert Scaer – even what our culture defines as “normal” can significantly traumatize over time.
Alan Schore – trauma is anything that disrupts the normal development process.
Disorder functioning – the event leads to debilitation that significantly hampers a person’s ability to function.
Distort functioning – while the event has not disabled a person or hindered the ability to function, it has negatively influenced or distorted the way a person views and responds to aspects of life.