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jaceym1994
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Exam cards
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2010-11-21 10:55:04
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anatomy
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Anatomy and Physiology A Exam
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  1. True or False: A burn that involves the epidermis only is called a deep partial-thickness burn.
    False
  2. Pressure ulcers are usually assosicated with skin overlying
    A. bony projections
    B. a thick layer of fat
    C. nerve fibers
    D. skeletal muscles
    A. bony projections
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Injections that are administered into the tissues within the skin are called
    A. subcutaneous
    B. intradermal
    C. intramuscular
    D. hypodermic
    B. intradermal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The blood vessels that supply skin cells are found in the
    A. dermis and subcutaneous layer
    B. dermis
    C. epidermis
    D. epidermis and dermis
    A. dermis and subcutaenous layer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The regulation of body temperature is of vital importance because
    A. it remains close to 37 degrees C
    B. slight shifts in temperature can disrupt the rates of metabolic reactions
    C. it is the product of chemical reactions
    D. the skin plays an important role in homeostasis
    B. slight shifts in temperature can disrupt the rates of metabolic reactions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. True or False: Three physiological factors that affect the color of the skin are: amount of blood in dermal vessels, carotene in the subcutaneous layer, and various diseases.
    True
  7. True or False: The dermis is very flat compared to the epidermis, which has ridges projecting inward and elevations called papillae.
    False
  8. True or False: The outermost layer of the epidermis is stratum basale and the inntermost layer is stratum corneum.
    False
  9. The skin functions to
    a. retard water loss from deeper tissues
    b. excrete wastes
    c. regulate body temp
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  10. Which of the following is a characteristic of the person most likely to develop cutaneous carcinoma?
    a. over 40 years old
    b. often works and plays outdoors
    c. light-complexioned skin
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  11. Epidermal cells are supplied with nutrients from blood vessels located in the
    A. dermis
    B. subcutaneous layer
    C. epidermis
    d. all of the above
    A. dermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Skin cells play an important role in the production of
    A. vitamin D
    B. vitamin A
    C. vitamin B
    D. vitamin E
    A. vitamin D
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. True or False: The secretion of the sebaceous gland is called sebum.
    True
  14. Cutaneous carcinomas are most commonly caused by exposure to
    A. mutagenic chemicals
    B. UV light
    C. X-rays
    D. gamma radiation
    B. UV light
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following is a normal response to excessive loss of body heat in a cold environment?
    a. dermal blood vessels become constricted
    b. sweat glands become inactive
    c. skeletal muslces contract involuntarily
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  16. Skin cancer cells are most likely to develop from
    A. nonpigmented epithelial cells
    B. pigmented epithelial cells
    C. pigmented melanocytes
    D. nonpigmented melanocytes
    A. nonpigmented epithelial cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. True or False: Hair color is determined by the amount of keratin protein produced during keratinization.
    False
  18. Acne is a disorder involving the
    A. sweat glands
    B. hair follicles
    C. apocrine glands
    D. sebaceous glands
    D. sebaceous glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. As cells are pushed from the deeper portion of the epidermis toward the surface
    A. they become dermal cells
    B. they die
    C. they divide
    D. their supply of nutrients improves
    B. they die
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is not a method for helping prevent pressure ulcer formation?
    A. maintaining one body position
    B. providing adequate fluid intake
    C. eating foods rich in proteins
    D. massaging the skin
    A. maintaining one body position
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which if the following is NOT correct concerning the skin?
    A. the dermis is usually thicker than the epidermis
    B. the subcutaneous layer is between the dermis and epidermis
    C. the dermis contains smooth muscle and nerve tissue
    D. the epidermis is composed of stratified squamos epithelium
    B. the subcutaneous layer is between the dermis and epidermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The main functions of melanocytes is to
    A. protect deeper cells from sunlight
    B. help control body temp
    C. remove dead cells by phagocytosis
    D. produce vitamin D
    A. protect deeper cells from sunlight
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The cells that produce the shaft of hair are
    A. adipose tissue cells
    B. epithelial cells
    C. fibrous connective tissue cells
    D. loose connective tissue cells
    B. epithelial cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Cutaneous melanomas seems most commonly caused by
    A. prolonged exposure to low intensity sunlight
    B. relatively short exposure to high intensity sunlight
    C. exposure to background radiation
    D. occasional exposure to X-rays
    B. relatively short exposure to high intensity sunlight
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Eccrine sweat glands
    A. are most comming in the armpits and groind
    B. respond primarily to emotional stress
    C. respond primarily to elevated body temp
    D. usually are associated with hair follicles
    C. respond primarily to elevated body temp
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. True or False: Carcinomas appear most often in the skin of the neck, face, and scalp.
    True
  27. The subsutaneous layer is located
    A. beneath the dermis
    B. above the epidermis
    C. within the dermis
    D. between the epidermis and dermis
    A. beneath the dermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The nerve fibers scattered throughout the dermis are associated with
    a. muslces
    b. glands
    c. sensory reseptors
    d. all the above
    d. all of the above
  29. True or False: When the body temp drops below normal, dermal blood vessels are likely to dilate.
    False
  30. The dermis is composed largely of
    a. fibrous connective tissue
    b. loose connective tissue
    d. epithelial tissue
    d. adipose tissue
    a. fibrous connective tissue
  31. True or False: In healthy skin, the production of epidermal cells is closely balanced with the loss of skin cells.
    True
  32. True or False: The major blood vessels that supply the skin are located between the dermis and epidermis.
    False
  33. When smooth muscles in the walls of dermal blood vessels contract
    A. more blood enters the dermis
    B. the vessels become dilated
    C. body temp tends to drop
    D. body heat is conserved
    D. body heat is conserved
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. True or False: Bone cells are arranged in concentric circles around the osteonic canals.
    True
  35. True or False: A mucus-secreting goblet cell would be an example of a unicellular gland.
    True
  36. True or False: The tissue that constitutes the outermost layer of the skin is a type of connective tissue.
    False
  37. True or False: A skeletal muscle fiber contains many nuclei.
    True
  38. True or False: Vacular tissue is composed of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets that are suspended in a fluid intercellular matrix called plasma.
    True
  39. True or False: General characteristics of muscle tissue are that it conducts nerve impulses from one neuron to another and coordinates body activities.
    False
  40. True or False: Bone cells are called osteocytes.
    True
  41. True or False: A nerve cell can also be called a neurological cell.
    False
  42. Which if the following cell types are least likely to reproduce?
    A. endothelial cells that line the digestive system
    B. fibroblasts of connective tissue
    C. skeletal muscle cells
    D. red bone marrow cells
    C. skeletal muscle cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The muscle tissue that can be consciously controlled is
    A. skeletal
    B. smooth
    C. intercalated
    d. none of the above
    A. skeletal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Of the four major types of membranes, the one consisting of fibrous connective tissue overlying loose connective tissue is
    A. cutaneous membrane
    B. mucous membrane
    C. synovial membrane
    D. serous membrane
    C. synovial membrane
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Tendons and ligaments are composed primarily of
    A. muscle tissue
    B. fibrous connective tissue
    C. adipose tissue
    D. loose connective tissue
    B. fibrous connective tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. The tissue through whic gases are exchanged between the blood and the air in the lungs is
    A. simple squamos epithelium
    B. simple columnar epithelium
    C. stratified squamos epithelium
    D. simple cuboidal epithelium
    A. simple squamos epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Which of the following is not one of the four basic types of body tissue?
    A. muscle tissue
    B. connective tissue
    C. brain tissue
    D. epithalial tissue
    C. brain tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. A carcinoma is a cancer originating from
    A. epithelium
    B. connective tissue
    C. muscle tissue
    D. nerve tissue
    A. epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which of the following is not a characteristic of nerve tissue?
    a. it's found in the brain, spinal cord and nerves
    c. it contains cells that respond by transitting impulses
    c. its intercellular spaces are filled with collagen
    d. functional cells are senstivie to changes in their surroundings
    c. its cellular spaces are filled with collagen
  50. A basement membrane occurs between
    A. epithelial and connective tissue
    B. brain and nerve tissue
    C. muscle and nerve tissue
    D. connective and muscle tissue
    A. epithelial and connective tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Epithelial tissue functions in
    a. secretion
    b. absorption
    c. protection
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  52. The tissue that forms the inner lining of the respiratory passage is
    a. psuedostratified
    b. ciliated
    c. mucus-secreting
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  53. Bone cells are arranged in concentric circles around longitudinal tubeds called
    A. luncunae
    B. caniliculi
    C. osteonic canals
    D. osteons
    C. osteonic canals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Reticuloendothelial tissue is composed of cells that are
    A. hematopoietic
    B. found in the nervous system
    C. able to transmit impulses
    D. phagocytic
    D. phagocytic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. About 90% of all cancers originate from
    A. epithelium
    B. nerve tissue
    C. connective tissue
    D. muscle tissue
    A. epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. When cardiac muscles are damaged by a heart attack, they are usually replaced by
    A. ner smooth muscle cells
    B. connective tissue cells
    C. new cardiac muslce cells
    D. epithelial cells
    B. connective tissue cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. Membranes lining body cavities that lack openings to the outside are called
    A. synovial
    B. cutaneous
    C. mucous
    D. serous
    D. serous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Smooth muscle is found in the wall of
    A. neither the stomach nor the intestine
    B. the stomach
    C. the stomach and intestine
    D. the intestine
    C. the stomach and intestine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. True or False: Enzymes are proteins that promote specific chemical reactions
    True
  60. True or False: Vitamins are substances that cannot be synthesized in sufficent quantities by human cells.
    True
  61. True or False: Oxidation is a process by which bonds between the atoms of molecules are formed.
    False
  62. True or False: A metabolic pathway is a particular sequence of enzyme-controlled reactions.
    True
  63. True or False: An ATP molecule consists of adenine, a ribose, and three phosphates.
    True
  64. True or False: During anaerobic phase of respiration, pyruvic acid is changed to glucose.
    False
  65. The ozidation that occurs during cellular respiration differs from burning in that the respiration
    A. requires a large amount of energy to start the process
    B. utilizes enzymes to start the process
    C. involves a greater release of energy in the forms of heat and light
    d. none of the above
    B. utilizes enzymes to start the process
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Enzymes
    a. cause activation energy to be lowered
    b. act to initiate or speed metabolic reactions
    c. are not changed as a result of the reactions they control
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  67. If a strand of DNA molecule contained the base sequence C T A G C, the complementary strand would be
    A. T G C A T
    B. A G C T A
    C. C T A G C
    D. G A T C G
    D. G A T C G
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. Ketone bodies are produced as a by-product of
    A. protein metabolism
    B. carb metabolism
    C. fat metabolism
    d. all of the above
    C. fat metabolism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. If a DNA strand has the organic base sequence T T A C G A, the corresponding base sequence of mRNA would be
    A. T T A C G A
    B. U U T G C T
    C. A A U G C U
    D. A A T G C T
    C. A A U G C U
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Anabolic metabolism includes
    A. all processes needed to maintain life
    B. changes of larger molecules into smaller ones
    C. destructive processes by which substances are decomposed
    D. constructive processes by which substances are synthesized
    D. constructive processes by which substances are synthesized
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. The process of copying DNA info into the structure of mRNA is called
    A. transcription
    B. respiration
    C. translation
    D. deamination
    A. transcription
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. When ketones are present in excess, a person may develop
    A. alkalosis
    B. diabetes insipidus
    C. diabetes mellitus
    D. acidosis
    D. acidosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. In dehydration synthesis of a large carb,
    A. water molecules become joined to monosaccharide mole cules
    B. monosaccharides are joined together
    C. large molecules are decomposed into smaller ones
    D. the molecule is decomposed into carbon dioxide and water
    B. monosaccharides are joined together
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. A mutation is a
    A. changed in the rate of protein synthesis from mRNA
    B. problem with the way mRNA molecules leave the nucleus
    C. lack of replication of DNA before cell division
    D. change in the DNA molecule, which changes the protein that will be formed
    D. change in the DNA molecule, which changes the protein that will be formed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. The reactions of anaerobic respiration occur in the
    A. nucleus
    B. mitochondria
    C. cytoplasm
    d. all of the above
    C. cytoplasm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. Phenylketonuria results from the inability to metabolize
    A. glucose
    B. a fatty acid
    C. urea
    D. an amino acid
    D. an amino acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. Which of the following is a mutagen?
    A. neither UV light nor X-ray
    B. X-ray
    C. both UV light and X-ray
    D. UV light
    C. both UV light and X-ray
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. The enxyme catalase acts on the substrate
    A. oxygen
    B. peroxidase
    C. hydrogen peroxide
    D. hydrogen
    C. hydrogen peroxide
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. During the process of protein synthesis, amino acids are positioned in the proper sequence by molecules of
    A. ribosomal RNA
    B. tRNA
    C. nuclear RNA
    D. mRNA
    B. tRNA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. DNA replication
    a. takes place during interphase of a cell's life cycle
    b. involves the pulling apart of a double-stranded DNA molecule
    c. results in 2 DNA molecules, each with an old strand and one with a new strand of nucleotides
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  81. Which of the following substances increases in amount during cellular respiration?
    A. oxygen
    B. ATP
    C. glycogen
    D. glucose
    B. ATP
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. The transfer of genetic info from the nucelus into the cytoplasm is a function of
    A. ribosomal RNA
    B. DNA molecules
    C. tRNA
    D. mRNA
    D. mRNA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. When a sucrose molecule is decomposed to yield a glucose molecule and a fructose molecule,
    A. the process involves dehydration synthesis
    B. a water molecule is released
    C. a water molecule is used
    d. none of the above
    C. a water molecule is used
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. True or False: A cell that secretes a large quantity of proteins would have a larger number of lysosomes for this function.
    False
  85. True or False: A lysosocome is an example of a cellular organelle.
    True
  86. True or False: Osmosis is a special case of diffusion.
    True
  87. True or False: The anaphase of mitosis involves centromeres seperating and duplicating parts of chromosomes becoming separated.
    True
  88. True or False: Mitochondria function to manufacture proteins.
    False
  89. True or False: A 5% solution of glucose is isotonic to human cells
    True
  90. True or False: During the metaphse of mitosis, chromosomes line up between the two centrioles.
    True
  91. True or False: Cytoplasm occurs between the cell membrane and the nuclear envelope of a cell.
    True
  92. Tay-Sachs disease involves a cellular defect in
    A. membrane structure
    B. ciliary activity
    C. lysosomal enzymes
    D. mitotic spindles
    C. lysosomal enzymes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. Endoplasmic reticulum is a
    A. membranous sac
    B. network of interconnective membranes
    C. cellular inclusion
    D. formless liquid
    B. network of inerconnective membranes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  94. Differentiation seems to result from different
    A. cells possessing different kinds of chromosomes
    B. DNA info being "turned on" in different cells
    C. cells possessing different kinds of DNA info
    d. none of the above
    B. cell info being "turned on" in different cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. Vesicles are formed by an action of the
    A. cell membrane
    B. endoplasmic membrane
    C. nuclear membrane
    D. lysosomal membrane
    A. cell membrane
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. Ribosomes are composed largely of protein and
    A. RNA
    B. carbs
    C. DNA
    D. lipid
    A. RNA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  97. The tendency for cancer cells to have abnormalities in cellular structures is called
    A. anaplasia
    B. malignancy
    C. metastasis
    D. hyperplasia
    A. anaplasia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. The decrease in skeletal muscle size following a prolonged period of inactivity is most closely associated with the activity of
    A. centrosomes
    B. lysosomes
    C. peroxisomes
    D. ribosomes
    B. lysosomes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  99. Movement of molecules through a membrane by filtration depends upon the presence of
    A. atmospheric pressure
    B. hydrostatic pressure
    C. osmotic pressure
    d. non of the above
    B. hydrostatic pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  100. Mitochondria function to
    A. digest lipid molecules
    B. manufacture protein
    C. release energy from glucose molecules
    D. move chromosomes from place to place
    C. release energy from glucose molecules
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  101. If a solution outside of a cell contains a greater concentration of dissolved particles than the contents of the cell, the solution is said to be
    A. isotonic
    B. hypertonic
    C. iso-osmotic
    D. hypotonic
    B. hypertonic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  102. Chemo usually makes use of drugs that affect the cancer cell's
    A. DNA molecules
    B. lysosomes
    C. nuclear membranes
    D. cytoplastmic membranes
    A. DNA molecules
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  103. Because of mitosis and cytoplastmic division, the resulting cells contain
    a. identical chromosomes
    b. identical DNA info
    c. both identical chromosomes and DNA info
    d. neither identical chromosomes nor DNA info
  104. Which of the following cellular processes requires the greatest expenditure of cellular energy?
    A. active transport
    B. dialysis
    C. diffusion
    D. osmosis
    A. active transport
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  105. A nucleolus is composed largely of
    A. RNA and lipid
    B. RNA and protein
    C. DNA and protein
    D. DNA and lipid
    A. RNA and lipid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  106. If the concentration of glucose in the water outside of a cell is higher than the concentration inside
    A. glucose will enter the cell by osmosis
    B. glucose will leave the cell by osmosis
    C. water will enter the cell by osmosis
    D. water will leave the cell by osmosis
    D. water will leave the cell by osmosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  107. Which of the following processes involves the use of specific carrier molecules?
    A. active transport
    B. phagocytosis
    C. pinocytosis
    D. dialysis
    D. dialysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  108. During metaphase, chromosomes
    A. line up between the centrioles
    B. change into chromatin
    C. are surrounded by a nuclear membrane
    D. migrate to opposite poles of the cell
    A. line up between the centrioles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  109. During hemodialysis, if the concentration of glucose in the blood is higher than the concentration of glucose in the dialyzing fluid,
    A. glucose concentration of the dialyzing fluid will decrease
    B. glucose concentration in the blood and dialyzing fluid will remain unchanged
    C. glucose concentration of the dialyzing fluid will increase
    D. glucose concentration of the blood will increase
    C. glucose concentration of the dialyzing fluid will increase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  110. Which of the following is isotonic to red blood cells?
    A. distilled water
    B. .9% glucose solution
    C. .9% NaCl solution
    d. none of the above
    C. .9% NaCl solution
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  111. Membrane proteins function as
    a. receptors
    b. pores
    c. selective channels
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above

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