Biology

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
5088
Filename:
Biology
Updated:
2010-01-25 13:01:50
Tags:
ch 123
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Description:
Bio basics
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  1. Properties of Living Things
    • A. Cellular organization
    • B. Order
    • C. Sensitivity (aka "irritablity'')
    • D. Growth, development, reproduction
    • E. energy utilization
    • F. Evolutionary adaptation
    • G. Homeostasis
    • H. Complexity
    • 1. Cellular level
    • 2. Organismal level
    • 3. Population (ecological) level
  2. Core Themes of Biology
    • A. Cell Theory
    • B. Theory of Molecular Inheritance
    • C. Theory of Evolution
  3. single-celled organisms with little internal structure
    • Prokaryotic
    • Domain-Bacteria and Archaea
  4. organisms composed of a complex, organized cell or multiple complex cell
    • Eukaryotic
    • Domain-Eukaraya
  5. 4 Kingdoms
    Plantae, Fungi, Animalia, Protista
  6. Compartmentalized cell organelles
    Endosymbiont Theory
  7. All cells have a..
    Nucleus
  8. All matter is made of small, indivisible..
    Atoms
  9. Types of matter composed of only one type of atom
    Elements
  10. # of protons..
    Atomic #
  11. If # protons > # electrons
    Positive Ion
  12. If # Protons < # electrons
    Negative Ion
  13. Composed of two or more types of atoms together in fixed proportions
    Compounds
  14. Formed when charge differences sticks groups of atoms together (ionic bond) in an orderly, repeating arrangement
    • Ionic compounds
    • e.g. sodium chloride
    • e.g. calcium phosphate
  15. Cells are predominantly made of..
    Macromolecules
  16. Formed when electron sharing stick specific atoms together (covalent bond) to form a ..
    Molecule
  17. If a reaction gives off more energy than it takes in..
    exergonic
  18. If a reaction takes in more energy than it gives off..
    endergonic
  19. Water is..
    Dipole, has a positive and negitive end
  20. water is attracted to..
    • A. Ions
    • B. Charged molecules
    • C. Other polar molecules; such things are hydrophilic ("water loving")
  21. in___ solutions [H3O+] > [OH-]
    Acid
  22. In ____ Solutions [H3O+] < [OH-]
    Basic
  23. Bases added to acids will produce..
    Neutralization
  24. ____ is a measure, from 0-14, of the [H3O+]
    PH
  25. Carbon forms ___ strong covalent bonds (typically w/ H, O, N, S)
    Four
  26. Made up of carbon and hydrogen only
    Hydrocarbons

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