meteorology exam 2

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WellPaintedPassion
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50970
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meteorology exam 2
Updated:
2010-11-21 19:24:59
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meteorology
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Description:
meteorology ch 7 to 11
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  1. what are duldrums?
    cloudy, steamy, rainy belt
  2. what are the horse lattitudes?
    sunny, calm belt
  3. what are the north east trade trade winds?
    easterly tropical winds
  4. what are westerlies?
    • wind across u.s west to wind.
    • florida flip flops according to seasons
  5. what are polar easterlies?
    • dry, cold prevailing winds that blow from the high-pressure areas of
    • the polar highs at the north and south poles towards low-pressure areas
    • within the Westerlies
  6. what is a jetstream?
    current of fast moving air in the upper troposphere.
  7. what is seabreeze?
    rising warm air, off land, replaced by cool ocean air during day time.
  8. what is landbreeze?
    the opposite effects of seabreeze.
  9. what is step one in a tropical cyclone formation?
    easterly tropical wave.
  10. what is step two in the formation of a tropical cyclone?
    tropical disturbance, wind less than 20 mph
  11. what is the third step in the formation of a tropical cyclone?
    tropical deprresion, winds 20-30 mph
  12. what is the forth step in the formation of a trpoical cyclone?
    tropical storm, winds 40-73mph. named.
  13. what is the final step in the formation of a tropical cyclone?
    hurricane.
  14. what is hurricane called out in the pacific?
    typhoon.
  15. what lesson was learned from hurrican hugo?
    rethink evacuation shelters
  16. what lessons was learned form hurricane andrew?
    provide better relief
  17. what lesson was learned from hurrican opal?
    re-thing timing and evacuation route.
  18. what lesson was learned from hurrican katrina?
    "it could happen here"
  19. what s the first step in the development of a thunderstorm?
    entrainment- rising air creates a perfect warm/moist path for other air parcels.
  20. what is stage two in the development of a thunderstorm?
    • mature stage
    • -updrafts
    • -downdrafts
    • -wind shear-
    • -microbursts
  21. what is stage three of the development of a thunderstorm?
    • dissapating-
    • down drafts.
  22. what is lighting?
    electricity in the air. positive charges seeking negative charges.
  23. what does ice do for lighting?
    ice produces the positive charge.
  24. what is a tornado?
    funnel clouds
  25. how wide is a tornado?
    100 yards
  26. what is the formation of a funnel cloud?
    cold dry air over warm humid air.
  27. what is the most damage from a tornado usually caused by?
    • high winds, up to 300mph
    • suction affect or drag effect
  28. what is a water spout?
    tornado over water.
  29. what is a dust devel?
    tornado over dust/sand
  30. whats the number one state for hurricanes by total number?
    texas
  31. whats the number one state for hurricanes by frequency?
    florida :(
  32. whats the number one state for hurricanes by severaty?
    oklahoma
  33. whats the number one state for hurricanes by death?
    mississippi

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