Micro Quiz

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Author:
aliceaustin
ID:
50993
Filename:
Micro Quiz
Updated:
2011-08-03 21:40:48
Tags:
Bacterial Viral Fungal Diseases
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Description:
Bacterial, Viral, and Fungal Diseases
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  1. 3 types of BACTERIAL SKIN diseases
    Staphylococcus sp.

    Streptococcus sp.

    Pseudomonas sp.
  2. A bacterial skin infection - Staphylococcus: 5 types
    Staphylococcus aureus - most common

    Folliculitis - infections of hair follicle (progresses to a boil, then to an abscess)

    Sty - infected eyelash follicle

    Impetigo - highly contagious

    Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) - released into bloodstream
  3. A bacterial skin infection - Streptococcus: Main type
    • Streptococcus pyogenes - most common
    • -aka group A streptococci (GAS)
    • -possess hemolysins
    • -cause of strep throat

    • Necrotizing fascitis
    • -aka flesh-eating bacteria
    • -rapid destruction--requires amputation
  4. A bacterial skin infection - Pseudomonas: Main type
    • Pseudomonas aeruginosa - most common
    • -can live almost anywhere & hard to kill

    Swimmer's ear

    Catheter infections

    Burn wounds
  5. 4 types of VIRAL SKIN diseases
    Variola

    Varicella & herpes zoster

    Herpes simplex virus (HSV-1 & HSV-2)

    Rubeola
  6. A viral skin disease - Variola: 5 points
    • -aka: smallpox
    • -1st disease for which we used vaccines
    • -considered to be eradicated
    • -vaccination stopped in 1970s
    • -bioterrorism a concern btw US & Russia
  7. A viral skin disease - Varicella & Herpes Zoster
    • Varicella = chickenpox
    • -a herpes virus

    • Herpes zoster = shingles
    • -remains latent in body then gets reactivated
  8. A viral skin disease - Herpes Simplex Virus
    HSV-1 = cold sores = fever blister

    HSV-2 = genital herpes

    • Herpes encephalitits
    • -HSV-1 or 2 can spread to the brain
  9. A viral skin disease - Rubeola
    • Rubola = measles
    • -kills 600 children/day
    • -highly contagious
    • -vaccination with the MMR vaccine
  10. 2 types of FUNGAL SKIN infections
    • Cutaneous Mycosis
    • -causes tineas (ringworm)
    • Types of germatophyte:
    • *Trichophyton
    • *Microsporum
    • *Epidermophyton

    • Candida albicans
    • -most common
    • -causes Candidiasis (yeast infection)
    • -occurs in GU tract & in mouth
  11. 3 types of BACTERIAL EYE infections
    Haemophilus influenzae

    Neisseria gonorrhoeae

    Chlamydia trachomatis
  12. A bacterial eye infection - Haemophilus influenzae
    • -causes pinkeye
    • -made worse by extended contact lens wear
  13. A bacterial eye infection - Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    • -causes ophthalmia neonatorum
    • -causes blindness
    • -newborn babies are given eyedrops
  14. A bacterial eye infection - Chlamydia trachomatis
    • -causes trachoma in eyes (not the same as an STD)
    • -affects ~500 million ppl worldwide
    • -7 million blinded victims
    • -leads to turning in of the eyelashes
  15. 1 type of VIRAL EYE infection
    • Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-1)
    • -can cause herpetic keratitis
    • -can cause blindness

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