MedTermW7

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Anonymous
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50994
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MedTermW7
Updated:
2010-11-21 20:21:01
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medicalterminology
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Medical Terminology terms week 7
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  1. parts of the urinary system
    • kidney
    • renal pelvis
    • ureter
    • urinary bladder
    • urethra
  2. functions of the urinary system
    • waste removal
    • water balance
    • salt balance (Na+ / K+)
    • pH balance
  3. nephron
    • functional unit of the kidney
    • concentrates filtrate into urine
  4. glomerulus
    coiled capillary where filtering occurs
  5. kidneys filter ___L water per day
    __% of water is reabsorbed
    ___L of urine is produced per day
    • 180
    • 99
    • 1-1.5
  6. nephr/o
    ren/o
    kidney
  7. urin/o
    urine
  8. -uria
    urine
  9. ureter/o
    ureter
  10. cyst/o
    vesic/o
    urinary bladder
  11. urethr/o
    urethra
  12. glomerul/o
    glomerulus
  13. pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  14. cystitis
    • bladder infection
    • causes frequency and dysuria
  15. dysuria
    pain with urination
  16. frequency
    need to urinate often
  17. pyelonephritis
    • infection within kidney/renal pelvis
    • occurs if cystitis spreads up ureters
    • causes flank pain
  18. glomerulonephritis
    usually streptococcus
  19. hematuria
    blood in the urine
  20. glycosuria/glucosuria
    • glucose in the urine
    • occurs with diabetes
  21. nocturia
    excessive urination at night
  22. enuresis
    involuntary discharge of urine
  23. incontinence
    inability to control urine or stool
  24. nocturnal enuresis
    bedwetting
  25. oliguria
    very little urination
  26. polyuria
    excessive urination
  27. nephrectomy
    surgical removal of a kidney
  28. nephrolithiasis
    kidney stones
  29. renal calculus
    kidney stones
  30. KUB
    • x-ray film of:
    • Kidneys
    • Ureters
    • Bladder
  31. 3 layers of uterus
    • perimetrium
    • myometrium
    • endometrium (build of and sloughs off)
  32. fallopian tubes / uterine tubes / oviducts
    where fertilization occurs
  33. oophor/o
    ovari/o
    ovary
  34. oophoroma
    ovarian tumor
  35. salping/o
    oviducts
  36. salpingectomy
    removal of an oviduct
  37. hyster/o
    uterus
  38. hysterectomy
    removal of uterus
  39. gynec/o
    woman
  40. gynecologist
    specialist in womens' health
  41. amni/o
    amniotic sac
  42. cervic/o
    cervix or neck
  43. cervicitis
    inflammation of cervix
  44. gravida
    pregnancy
  45. primigravida
    first pregnancy
  46. gravida 2
    indicates this is a woman's second pregnancy
  47. para
    • a child carried to term/delivered
    • (or 20 weeks)
  48. term
    37 weeks from last menstrual period
  49. ectopic pregnancy
    when zygote doesn't implant in the uterus (but instead in an oviduct)
  50. episiotomy
    incision to enlarge vaginal opening to allow infant's head to pass through
  51. involution
    normal shrinking of the uterus after birth
  52. menses/menstruation
    monthly flow where endometrium is lost
  53. endometriosis
    • "back up" of endometrium in oviducts and pelvic cavity
    • bleeds and causes pain during monthly cycle
  54. parts of the male reproductive system
    • testes (2)
    • epididymis (2)
    • vas deferens (2)
    • seminal vesicle (2)
    • Cowper's gland/bulbourethral (2)
    • prostate gland (1)
    • urethra (1)
  55. test/o
    orch/o
    orchi/o
    orchid/o
    testical
  56. testes
    testis
    • plural
    • singular
  57. cryptorchism
    • undecended testes in newborn male
    • if not in scrotum by age 2, orchiopexy
  58. orchiopexy
    surgical placement of testes in scrotum
  59. anorchism
    congenital absence of one or both testes
  60. vas/o
    vas deferens
  61. vasectomy
    • procedure to make male sterile
    • vas deferens are cut and tied off
  62. andr/o
    • masculine
    • male-like
  63. androgens
    male hormones (testosterone)
  64. BPH
    • benign prostatic hypertrophy
    • tends to enlarge after age 50-60
    • puts pressure on bladder and urethra
  65. TURP
    (TUR)
    • transurethral prostatic resection
    • surgical removal of part of gland though the urethra
  66. prostate cancer
    • common male cancer
    • grows very slowly
  67. sperm count
    normal: 60 million - 300 million per ejaculation
  68. oligospermia
    sterility
    low sperm count (under 20 million per ejaculation)

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