Goniometry

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
51088
Filename:
Goniometry
Updated:
2010-11-22 07:53:22
Tags:
MGP Lab
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Description:
Goniometry
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  1. Shoulder Flexion
    • Position: Supine, arm on table
    • Axis: Head of humerus in glenoid fossa
    • Proximal Arm: Mid-axillary line to hip, greater trochanter.
    • Distal arm: Mid-line of humerus, lateral epicondyle reference
    • Sagittal plane around coronal axis
  2. Shoulder Extension
    • Sagittal plane around coronal axis
    • POSITION- prone, arm on table, palm up, elbow straight
    • AXIS- head of humerus in glenoid fossa
    • PROXIMAL ARM- mid-axillary line to hip, greater trochanter
    • DISTAL ARM- mid-line of humerus, lateral epicondyle as a reference
  3. Shoulder ABduction
    • Frontal plane around A-P axis
    • POSITION- supine, forearm supinated, Palm toward ceiling
    • AXIS- acromion process, A to P
    • PROXIMAL ARM- parallel to sternum, lateral thorax area
    • DISTAL ARM- midline of the humerus, medial epicondyle as a reference
  4. Shoulder ADduction
    • Frontal plane around A-P axis
    • POSITION- supine, shoulder flexed to 90º, palm to opposite shoulder
    • AXIS- acromion process, S to I
    • PROXIMAL ARM- parallel to table pointing away from head, acromion as reference
    • DISTAL ARM- anterior mid-humeral line
  5. Shoulder - Internal Rotation
    • Transverse plane around longitudinal axis
    • POSITION- supine, shoulders abducted 90º, elbow flexed 90º, palm toward feet
    • AXIS- olecranon process, sight a line through the shaft of the humerus
    • PROXIMAL ARM- perpendicular to the table toward floor
    • DISTAL ARM- midline of forearm to ulnar styloid
  6. Shoulder - External Rotation
    • Transverse plane around the longitudinal axis
    • POSITION- supine, shoulder abducted 90º, elbow flexed 90º, palm toward feet
    • AXIS- Olecranon process sight a line through humerus
    • PROXIMAL ARM- Perpendicular to the table toward floor
    • DISTAL ARM- midline of forearm to ulnar styloid
  7. Elbow Flexion
    • Sagittal plane around the coronal axis
    • POSITION- supine, forearm supinated.
    • AXIS- lateral epicondyle
    • PROXIMAL ARM- mid-line lateral humerus, humeral head as reference
    • DISTAL ARM- mid-line lateral forearm, radial styloid as reference
  8. Elbow Extension
    • Sagittal plane around coronal axis
    • POSITION- supine, forearm supinated (raise humerus off table to visualize)
    • AXIS- lateral epicondyle
    • PROXIMAL ARM- mid-line lateral humerus, humeral head as reference
    • DISTAL ARM- mid-line lateral forearm, radial styloid as reference
  9. Wrist Flexion
    • Sagittal plane around coronal axis
    • POSITION- supine, elbow flexed 90º, palm toward feet
    • AXIS- medial wrist through pisiform
    • PROXIMAL ARM- medial mid-line of forearm, olecranon process as reference
    • DISTAL ARM- medial hand, fifth MCP joint as reference
  10. Wrist Extension
    • Sagittal plane around coronal axis
    • POSITION- supine, elbow flexed 90º, palm towards feet
    • AXIS- medial wrist through pisiform
    • PROXIMAL ARM- medial mid-line of forearm using olecranon process as reference
    • DISTAL ARM- medial hand, fifth MCP joint as reference
  11. Wrist Radial Deviation
    • Frontal plane around A-P axis
    • POSITION- supine, elbow flexed to 90º, palm to mid-line of body
    • AXIS- mid-line of wrist near capitate
    • PROXIMAL ARM- mid-line of posterior forearm
    • DISTAL ARM- mid-line of dorsum hand, third MCP joint as reference
  12. Wrist Ulnar Deviation
  13. Hip Joint Flexion
  14. Hip Joint Extension
  15. Hip Joint ABduction
  16. Hip Joint ADduction
  17. Hip Joint External Rotation
  18. Hip Joint Internal Rotation
  19. Knee Flexion
  20. Knee Extension
  21. Ankle Plantarflexion
  22. Ankle Dorsiflexion
  23. Subtalar Inversion
  24. Subtalar Eversion

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