Card Set Information
fed test voc.
A grant given by the federal (national) government to
the states for use in a particular area rather than for a specific
program. Ex. – Congress gives $50
million to Virginia
to use for education
A grant given by the federal
(national) government to the states for use on a particular program. Ex. – Congress gives $50 million to Virginia to buy
computers for high schools.
– Rules that states must follow in
order to receive a grant from the federal government.
– A type of government wherein the people created
state governments and the states then create a larger government. In this system, the smaller governments can
always tell the larger government what to do.
Ex. – United Nations
–– Platform of
Congressional Republicans in the 1990s that emphasized giving states more
responsibility and fewer mandates. For
example, in the mid-1990s Congress gave states more decision-making power over
(Marble Cake) Federalism
A doctrine in which the national and state governments share responsibility and
power on many issues. For example,
states operate Medicaid programs which provide health care for the poor, and
the federal government pays a percentage of the cost. This has been the operative model during the
20th and 21st centuries
– Shifting power and
responsibility from the national government to the states.
(Layer Cake) Federalism
A doctrine in which the national government is supreme in its sphere, the
states are supreme in their sphere, and the two spheres should and could be
kept separate. This model became
outdated in the 20th century.
Enumerated / Express Power
– A power specifically granted to the United States government by the
United States Constitution. Ex. –
Congress has the express power to declare war.
– A type of government wherein
the people created both the state and national governments and gave them
different responsibilities. In this type
of system, the national government is the final decision maker in some areas
and the states are the final decision maker in others. Ex. – United States.
General Welfare Clause (Tax and Spend Clause
) – The clause found in Article I
Section 8 that allows Congress to spend money on anything it wants.
– Money given to state or local governments by the
federal (national) government
.– A power which – although not
specifically granted by the Constitution – is impliedly granted because it is
related to one of the enumerated powers.
Ex. – Congress has the implied power to establish a national bank
because it has the enumerated power to tax, borrow and spend money.
– The third Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court; the Marshall Court
consistently decided in favor of the national government and against the
– Rules imposed by the federal government on the
Necessary and Proper / Elastic Clause
- The clause found in Article I section 8 that grants
Congress implied powers to execute its express powers. Ex. – Congress has the implied power to
establish a national bank because it has the specific power to borrow and spend
– Goods, such as clean air and water, that everyone
shares. Some argue that the national
government does a better job of providing and protecting public goods than the
. . - A power that is not mentioned in the Constitution
and which, therefore, belongs to the states.
– A grant given by the federal
government to the states that the state may spend on anything it chooses. Ex. – Congress gives $50 million to Virginia with no
restrictions on its use.
– A clause found in Article Six of
the Constitution which states that national law is supreme over state law, for
so long as the national government is acting within its sphere.
– States that if the Constitution
is silent about a governmental power, the states may exercise it and the
federal government may not. Ex. – The
Constitution is silent about schools so education is a state power, not a
– Rules imposed by the federal
government on the states which require the state to pay the cost of compliance.
– A governmental system wherein
the people created the national government and the national government then
created the states. In this system, the
national government is the supreme governmental decision maker on all issues
and can always tell the states what to do.
Ex. – France.
– A belief that one has an
obligation to vote and participate in government and other community affairs.
Motor Voter Law
– A 1993 law designed to increase
voter registration by requiring states to allow voters to register at the DMV.
– A belief that if you vote and take part in
politics, you can make a difference.
- An election
in which voters decide who will be a party's nominee for office.
- Voting for or against the candidate or party in
office because you like or dislike how things have gone recently
– The right to vote