Federalist Vocab

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benizzldashizzl
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51235
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Federalist Vocab
Updated:
2010-11-22 20:38:48
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AP Government
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fed test voc.
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  1. Block Grant
    • A grant given by the federal (national) government to
    • the states for use in a particular area rather than for a specific
    • program. Ex. – Congress gives $50
    • million to Virginia
    • to use for education
  2. Categorical Grant
    • A grant given by the federal
    • (national) government to the states for use on a particular program. Ex. – Congress gives $50 million to Virginia to buy
    • computers for high schools.
  3. Conditions
    • – Rules that states must follow in
    • order to receive a grant from the federal government.
  4. Confederation
    • – A type of government wherein the people created
    • state governments and the states then create a larger government. In this system, the smaller governments can
    • always tell the larger government what to do.
    • Ex. – United Nations
  5. Contract
    With America
    • –– Platform of
    • Congressional Republicans in the 1990s that emphasized giving states more
    • responsibility and fewer mandates. For
    • example, in the mid-1990s Congress gave states more decision-making power over
    • welfare
  6. Cooperative
    (Marble Cake) Federalism
    • . –
    • A doctrine in which the national and state governments share responsibility and
    • power on many issues. For example,
    • states operate Medicaid programs which provide health care for the poor, and
    • the federal government pays a percentage of the cost. This has been the operative model during the
    • 20th and 21st centuries
  7. Devolution
    • – Shifting power and
    • responsibility from the national government to the states.
  8. Dual
    (Layer Cake) Federalism
    • –..–
    • A doctrine in which the national government is supreme in its sphere, the
    • states are supreme in their sphere, and the two spheres should and could be
    • kept separate. This model became
    • outdated in the 20th century.
  9. Enumerated / Express Power
    • – A power specifically granted to the United States government by the
    • United States Constitution. Ex. –
    • Congress has the express power to declare war.
  10. Federalism
    • – A type of government wherein
    • the people created both the state and national governments and gave them
    • different responsibilities. In this type
    • of system, the national government is the final decision maker in some areas
    • and the states are the final decision maker in others. Ex. – United States.
  11. General Welfare Clause (Tax and Spend Clause
    • ) – The clause found in Article I
    • Section 8 that allows Congress to spend money on anything it wants.
  12. Grants
    • – Money given to state or local governments by the
    • federal (national) government
  13. Implied
    power
    • .– A power which – although not
    • specifically granted by the Constitution – is impliedly granted because it is
    • related to one of the enumerated powers.
    • Ex. – Congress has the implied power to establish a national bank
    • because it has the enumerated power to tax, borrow and spend money.
  14. John Marshall
    • – The third Chief Justice of the
    • Supreme Court; the Marshall Court
    • consistently decided in favor of the national government and against the
    • states.
  15. Mandates
    • – Rules imposed by the federal government on the
    • states
  16. Necessary and Proper / Elastic Clause
    • - The clause found in Article I section 8 that grants
    • Congress implied powers to execute its express powers. Ex. – Congress has the implied power to
    • establish a national bank because it has the specific power to borrow and spend
    • money.
  17. Public Good
    • – Goods, such as clean air and water, that everyone
    • shares. Some argue that the national
    • government does a better job of providing and protecting public goods than the
    • states do
  18. Reserved
    Power
    • . . - A power that is not mentioned in the Constitution
    • and which, therefore, belongs to the states.
  19. Revenue Sharing
    • – A grant given by the federal
    • government to the states that the state may spend on anything it chooses. Ex. – Congress gives $50 million to Virginia with no
    • restrictions on its use.
  20. Supremacy Clause
    • – A clause found in Article Six of
    • the Constitution which states that national law is supreme over state law, for
    • so long as the national government is acting within its sphere.
  21. Tenth Amendment
    • – States that if the Constitution
    • is silent about a governmental power, the states may exercise it and the
    • federal government may not. Ex. – The
    • Constitution is silent about schools so education is a state power, not a
    • federal one.
  22. Unfunded Mandates
    • – Rules imposed by the federal
    • government on the states which require the state to pay the cost of compliance.
  23. Unitary Government
    • – A governmental system wherein
    • the people created the national government and the national government then
    • created the states. In this system, the
    • national government is the supreme governmental decision maker on all issues
    • and can always tell the states what to do.
    • Ex. – France.
  24. Civic Duty
    • – A belief that one has an
    • obligation to vote and participate in government and other community affairs.
  25. Motor Voter Law
    • – A 1993 law designed to increase
    • voter registration by requiring states to allow voters to register at the DMV.
  26. Political Efficacy
    • – A belief that if you vote and take part in
    • politics, you can make a difference.
  27. Primary Election
    • - An election
    • in which voters decide who will be a party's nominee for office.
  28. Retrospective Voting
    • - Voting for or against the candidate or party in
    • office because you like or dislike how things have gone recently
  29. Suffrage
    – The right to vote

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