Card Set Information
cardiovascular system heart blood
This is a basic study guide for the cardiovascular system.
What is the path of blood?
Superior vena cava
Right AV valve - triscupsid
Left AV Valve - mitral
How many miles of blood vessls does the adult body contain?
60, 000 miles
of blood vessels.
How much blood does the adult heart pump in one day?
The adult heart pumps over
of blood a day.
How many times does the heart beat in a year?
The heart beats
times a year.
How many quarts of blood does the heart pump every minute?
The heart pumps
of blood a minute.
How much blood does the average adult body contain?
The average adult body contains
How much blood does the average 3-year-old have in his/her body?
The average three year old has about
of blood in his/her boy.
What are four risks factors for cardiovascular disease that cannot be changed?
(men more likely to get heart attack and earlier)
(blacks more likely)
What are seven risk factors for cardovascular disease that can be changed?
1. High blood pressure
2. High cholesterol
What are the five major parts of the cardiovascular system?
Describe oxygenated vs. deoxygenated blood.
oxygenated - bright red
deoxygenated - dark red
What are the functions of blood?
1. Carry oxygen to tissues
2. Collects carbon dioxide
3. Gathers waste materials
4. Carries hormones, enzymes, vitamins, and medicines
What are red blood cells called?
What are they rich in?
Red blood cells are called
They are rich in
They live abot
assist with recovering CO
What are platelets called?
Help control bleeding and release factors to stat coagulation.
10 day life span.
What are white blood cells called?
Help body fight infection.
Live from days up to years.
What are blood vessels.
Channels through which blood is distributed throughout body tissue.
Where is blood produced?
1. adults -
ribs, pelvis, spine
2. children -
Blood cells develop and seep in bloodstream.
What is plasma?
Describe what it is made of/contain.
-Ca, Na, K, Mg
help microbe fighting antibodies get to infection
What are arteries?
oxygenated blood away
from heart except for
pulmonary artery which carry blood from RV to lungs
What are the seven arteries that can be palpated and where are they located?
: located in neck, one on either side
: loacted in upper arm, between bicep and tricep
: medial side of the foot
: back of the foot
: on radial side of wrist
: behind knee
: upper leg, supply blood to lower extremity, lose blood quickly if cut
What are veins?
deoxygenated blood back
to the heart, all except for the
pulmonary vein which carrie oxygenated blood from lungs to RA
What are capillaries?
Smallest and most numerous of blood vessels. Connect vessels that carry blood away and to the heart. Exchange of gases, nutrients, and metabolic waste products.
Describe the heart.
1. It is a
throughout all the tissues in the body.
3. It is the size of a
4. It has
: RA, LA, LV, RV.
5. Valve between atria and ventricles is called
What is sinoatrial node?
It produces a constant
rhymthmic heart rate
. It is located in the
Describe blood pressure readings.
Top number, bottom number.
Device used to measure.
- contraction phase of caridac cycle
- heart is working
- relaxation phase
- smaller than systolic number