Card Set Information
5 Main Stakeholders
Engineering - Air bags, better roads
Education - Media CAmpaings, school programs
Encouragement - No-claim bonuses, warnings
Enforcement - Safety cams, Double Demrit
Evaluation - Trialling, monitoring and implementation of road safety initiatives, looking at statistics
Motor vehicle definition
Means any vehicle that is built to be propelled by a motor that forms part of that vehicle.
Definition of a road
An area open to and used by the public and is developed for or has one of its main uses the riding or driving of motor vehicles.
Road related area definition
An area that divides a road
Footpath or nature strip
An area that is not a road, but is open to the public and is designated for use by cyclists or animals
An area that is not a road and is open to the public for driving, riding and parking vehicles
Definition of Driver
Means any person driving a vehicle and includes any person riding a cycle and drive includes ride
The person must have control of the steering, movement, or propulsion of the vehicle
General duties officers roles
Reduce fatal/serious crashes through high visibility
Promote voluntery road user compliance with traffic laws
Detect and prosecute traffic offenders
Promote the free movement of vehicles and pedestrians
Be rolemodels to the community through exemplary driving
What are the three factors that are investigated in motor vehicle collisions
S.171 RT(S&TM) Act
Provides police with the power to demand:
Production of drivers licence from the driver of a motor vehicle
Name and address from the driver/rider of any horse or vehicle
Parts of a Fixed Penalty Notice book:
: goes to the Infringemnt processing bureau
: stays in the book
: goes to the customer
When cant you issue a F.P.N.:
When outside the time periods
A fatal collision
Offence not in fixed penalty handbook
Under 14 years of age
Incident not witnessed by police
Driver of ambo/fire brigade on urgent duty
Offender is police on duty
Serious offence by off duty police
Error made on FPN pocedure
2 diagonal lines
Write cancelled between them
Include short explination of error and cross reference new ticket
Sign, print name, rank, station, date
Have supervisor sign cancelled ticket
send parts A+C to the IPB with part A of correct ticket
When multiple PINs elligible:
Issue the most serious offence
Purpose of narrative on an infingement notice:
To establish the proofs, set the scene, supply detail of the offence
Environment and road condition
Number of passengers
Other witnesses names
Estimated speed and direction of travel
Nearest cross street
Location opf police vehicle at time of offence
Time frames for a FPN:
1 calender month if enquiries complete
3 calender months if enquiries incomplete or if waiting for result of blood test
How many FPN's can be issued at once?
First 3 proofs on FPN:
Road or road related area
'CC' 'DC' 'DX' stand for:
Different types of defects:
Can you caution if you are investigating a major traffic crash?
No you cant
Licence class 'C'
any motor vehicle to and including 4.5 GVM
which carries up to 12 passengers including the driver
any implement or tractor
Licence class 'LR'
any motor vehicle GVM of 4.5 or more but not more then 8
no trailor to weigh more then 9 GVM
includes vehicles with GVM up to 4.5 which carry more then 12 adults
Licence class 'MR'
any motor vehicle with 2 axles and GVM more then 8
no trailor to weigh more then GVM 9
Licence class 'HR'
3 or more axles and GVM more then 8
Licence class 'HC'
Any semi-trailer or rigid vehicle towing a trailer of more then 9 GVM
Licence class 'MC'
any b-double or road train
Has anyone been injured/killed in the crash?
Has a driver invloved in the crash left the scene without supplying details?
Is anyone involved in the crash under the influence of alcohol or drugs?
Does any vehicle need to be towed?
Priorities at a crash:
Attend, assess, advise
Attend to welfare of injured
Identify drivers and witnesses
Breath test drivers
Identify Point Of Impact
Ensure free flow of traffic
Investigate and record details
Adjudicate who is at fault and deal with them
4 things tow truck drivers must produce on demand:
Tow authority book
Tow truck drivers certificate
Drivers licence for that class of vehicle
When will police pay for a tow?
when it is for examination purposes or to be held as an exhibit
When do you contact the Crash Investigation unit?
All fatal crashes
Serious injury crashes where there is a likelyhood of indictable charges
Hit and run involving serious injury or death
Fatal or serious injury crashes involving police vehicles and members of the service whilst on duty
Fatal or serious injury crashes resulting from police pursuits, urgent duty or engaged in an operation, whetherthe police vehicle was involved in the collision or not
Major incidents of an unusual nature or proportion
: 0.00 --> 0.019
: 0.02 --> 0.049
: 0.05 --> 0.079
: 0.08 --> 0.149
: 0.150 ----->
Who can we breath test?
Driver of a motor vehicle
Person in the drivers seat, attempting to put the vehicle into motion
Supervisor of learner
When can we breath test?
Manner of Driving
Breach of road rules
When cant we breath test?
If admitted to hospital where blood sample will be taken
If it will be dangerous to a person condition or health
Anytime after 2 hours
At the persons usual place of abode
Who are novice range drivers?
P1, P2, Learners, unlicenced driver who has never held
Who are special range drivers?
Suspended or cancelled driver
Hire car, taxi, o any public passanger vehicle
Coach or heavy motor vehicle 13.9 GVM
Motor vehicle with dangerous goods
Supervisor of learner in a special catagory vehicle
Holder of an inapropriate licence
Where do you get the power to arrest for a breath test?
s.13 RT(S+TM) Act
Time limit for blood and urine samples
Time limit for blood sample under s.20
No time limit, as soon as possible though. Age limit of 15.
List the offences for which you would suspend a licence for:
Mid --> High range PCA
refuse breath analysis
Wilfully alter concerntration of alcohol
Refuse/Hinder blood sample
Breath analysis certificate comes under what section?
Purpose of form of demand:
To inform the driver of their legal obligations to perform the test, and to warn them that to rufuse is to commit an offence.
What must be established to arrest a driver for a blood and urine sample?
Driver must refuse or fail the sobriety assessment.
Under what section can a blood sample be taken from a driver involved in a crash?
i am assuming they want S.20.
6 people who will have a compulsory blood sample taken if they are injured as a result of a motor vehicle crash:
Driver of a motor vehicle
Person occupying drivers seat attempting to put it in motion
Holder of a full licence seated next to a learner
Rider of a horse
Driver of a vehicle other then a motor vehicle
What must be proven, other then the drivers actions, for manner dangerous?
That the manner of driving was dangerous to the public.
What 3 circumstances must be proved for proving dangerous driving causing death or GBH?
Under influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs
At a speed dangerous to another person
In a manner dangerous to another person
Fatal or likely to be fatal crash
If positive - arrest for breath analysis
If breath analysis positive - charge for relevant PCA offence
If breath analysis is negative - rearrest for the purpose of obtaining blood and urine sample.
All drivers involved, not only the offending driver.
Powers of arrest under RT(S+TM) Act:
: power to arrest for the purpose of a breath analysis
: Arrest for blood and urine samples, fatal/likely fatal crash
: power to arrest for obtaining blood and urine, must fail/refuses assessment of sobriety
A pursuits commences when the police driver decides to continue following a vehicle that has ignored a direction to stop.
Catagory 1 vehicles:
Fully marked police pack sedans, fitted with electronic siren and light bar.
Catagory 2 vehicle:
Unmarked police pack sedan, fitted with siren and portable roof light.
Catagory 3 vehicle:
Sedan and wagons, solo motorcycles, trail cycles
Catagory 4 Vehicle:
Caged truck and other utilities
Cost to the community
Number of deaths
Number of injuries
Number of crashes
S.171 RT(general) Act:
Power to demand driver licence and for driver to state name and home address.
S.173 RT(general) Act:
Power to require owner of vehicle to supply identity of driver alleged to committed the offence.
S.13 RT(S+TM) Act:
Power to conduct a breath test.
S.20 RT(S+TM) Act:
Blood sample to be taken in hospital from crash victims if injured and unable to do breath test.
S.23 RT(S+TM) Act:
Analysis of blood samples taken under S.20 for alcohol and drugs.
S.25 RT(S+TM) Act:
Power to conduct an assessment of sobriety.
S.26 RT(S+TM) Act:
Power to arrest for the purpose of obtaining blood and urine samples if person fails/refuses assessment of sobriety.
S.75 RT(S+TM) Act:
Power to remove danger or obstruction to traffic from road/road related area.
Power to prevent driving by persons who are under the influence of alcohol or other drugs, (confiscation of keys).
DUI is largely based on police observations of the drivers ability to operate a motor vehicle.
S.42(1) RT(S+TM) Act:
Drive a motor vehicle
Upon a road or road related area
Speed dangerous / manner dangerous:
Drive in a manner dangerous/ at a speed dangerous to the public
in a manner that menaces another person
intends to menace that person
ought to have known that the other person might be menaced
Driver of a vehicle
While in pursuit of or travelling near another vehicle
engages in conduct that causes or threatens an impact involving the other vehicle
And intends to cause a person in the other vehicle actual bodily harm
Dangerous Driving Causing Death or GBH:
Involving an impact
Occasioning death or GBH
and at the time of the impact
Under the influence of intoxicating liquor
At a speed that was dangerous to another person(s)
In a manner dangerous to another person(s)
Circumstances of aggravation:
45kph or above the roads speed limit
Escaping pursuit by police
Under the influence of a drug or drugs
Confiscate vehicle offences:
S.40 - races / attempts on speed records
S.41 - drag racing / burnouts / agg burnouts
Impound section numbers?
S.218 and S.219
When can we impound?
That day or 10 days after vehicle has committed offence.
From a public place.
Private property with occupiers permission or a warrant.
Person must not
Road/ related area
Operate a motor vehicle in such a manner as to cause the vehicle to undergo
sustained loss of traction
by one or more of the driving wheels of the vehicle.
requires the use of petrol, oil, diesel or other inflammable liquid been placed beneath one or more of the tyres of the vehicle.
Who can suspend:
R.T.A. and Police:
Due to demerit points
Excess speed (30kph over applicable speed limit)
Due to medical condition
Police suspension, in accordance with S.204/205 (includes >45kph over limit)
Who can disqualify:
Magistrate at court
Who can cancel:
R.T.A. as a result of assessment of fitness to drive.