Card Set Information
The two strands are ________ to one another.
A ribonucleic acid involved in protein synthesis.
contains a phosphate group in an ester linkage to a ribose sugar and a nitrogenous base.
A common intracellular signaling molecule.
Most eukaryotic mRNA codes for a single polypeptide and is ____________.
What two complementary strands of DNA spontaneously do to form an intact duplex.
thymidylate is a nucleotide found primarily in ________ acids
A common protein domain found in proteins that bind ATP
A major structural component of the protein synthetic machinery of cells.
Covalent bonds that link the individual nucleotide residues in DNA and RNA
Structure containing polypurine tracts are mirror repeats; forms a triple helix
Left-handed double helical structure
Right handed; Watson-Crick double helix
Short polymers of nucleotides (50 or less), often used as complementary DNA "probes" for hybridization techniques.
DNA duplex formed from DNA of different species
Non-Watson-Crick or __________ pairing; allows formation of triplex DNA strands.
Hydrogen peroxide; a byproduct of aerobic metabolism, is a common cause of these in DNA
Carries genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes
Contains a purine attached to a phosphorylated ribose; the base was first isolated from bird manure
Dehydrated, compact form of DNA
A major pyrimidine; has a methyl group at C-5
Describes mRNA that is translated into more than one protein
polycistronic (ONLY IN PROKARYOTES)
Determined for a solution of DNA by measuring UV light absorption as a function of temperature.
Uracil is a nitrogenous base found predominately in ___________ acids.
The increase in UV light absorption when double-stranded DNA is denatured is referred to as the __________________ effect.
A major pyrimidine; has an amino group at C-4
Uracil attached through N-1 to ribose
Purine or pyrimidine base covalently bound to furanse through an N-B-glycosidic bond.