Who is Mary Lou Retton? George Eyser? Charles Lakes? Nadia Comenecei? Hartvig Nissen?
The first American woman to win an all-round Olympic gold in gymnastics was Mary Lou Retton at the 1984 Games in LA. American George Eyser won two gold medals in the 1904 Olympic Games for parallel bars and vault; competiting with a wooden leg. Charles Lakes was the highest-scoring male gymnast for the US at Seoul in 1988, breaking the color barrier until then white-dominated sport. Romanian Nadia Comenecei became the first woman to score a perfect 10 as a 14-year-old at the Montreal Olympics in 1976. Director of the Swedish Health Institute in Washington, Hartvig Nissen taught Ling gymnastics at Harvard, Johns Hopkins, and in the Boston public schools.