digestive hardcore

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Author:
ercienne
ID:
51422
Filename:
digestive hardcore
Updated:
2010-11-23 18:37:25
Tags:
digestive
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digestive hardcore
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  1. upper duodenal area just beyond the pylorus
    duodenal bulb
  2. easily broken or pulverized
    friable
  3. enzyme secreted in the stomach that begins the digestion of PROTEINS
    pepsin
  4. having punpoint punctures of depressions on the surface, marked with dots
    punctate
  5. accessory organs of digestion (3)
    • liver
    • gallbladder
    • pancreas
  6. throat
    pharynx
  7. bottom part of stomach
    pylorus
  8. top part of stomach (juts out past esoph)
    fundus
  9. from the top down, order of duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon
    D J I C
  10. the endocrine part of the pancreas does this
    secretes insulin into the blood
  11. the exocrine part of the pancreas does this
    produces digestive enzymes into the gut. they break down proteins, carbohydrates and fats
  12. sial/o
    salivary gland
  13. cholangi/o
    bile vessel
  14. enlarged veins in the mucous membrans of the anal canal
    hemorrhoids
  15. rumbling or gurgling noises heard at a distance!
    borborygmus
  16. lack of nutrition and wasting (dz or mental)
    cachexia
  17. cholelithiasis can have stones in 2 places:
    • gall bladder
    • common bile duct
  18. deglutition
    swallowing
  19. spasm with pain, usually in colon
    colic
  20. dyspepsia
    indigestion
  21. belching
    eructation
  22. dark tarry poops, bc of altered blood (by intestinal juice)
    melena
  23. involuntary wavelike movement in GI tract
    peristalsis
  24. passage of fat in the poops bc can't digest/absorb it
    steatorrhea
  25. blood tests that look at metabolism, storage, filtration, excretory
    LFTs (liver function tests)
  26. stool culture vs stool guaiac
    • culture: grow microbes from poops in the lab
    • guaiac: put the guaiac on a poop sample to look for blood
  27. radiographic examination of the salivary glands
    sialography
  28. ERCP
    endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreat-ography

    (looks at bile and pancreatic ducts)
  29. surgical joining of 2 ducts, 2 vessels or 2 bowel segments
    anastomosis
  30. incision of pylorus muscles to treat hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
    • pyloromyotomy
    • pyloro myo tomy

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