resp hardcore

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Author:
ercienne
ID:
51433
Filename:
resp hardcore
Updated:
2010-11-23 20:09:34
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resp
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resp hardcore
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  1. any type of nodular, inflammatory lesion
    granuloma
  2. severe prolonged asthma attack, doesn't respond to treatment
    status asthmaticus. this is the name when bronchospasms are not reversed by usual measures
  3. lipoprotein decreases surface tension of alveoli
    surfactant
  4. the 3 pharynx...in order
    • nasopharynx
    • oropharynx
    • laryngopharynx
  5. space between right and left lungs (holds heart, esophagus, aorta, bronchi)
    mediastinum
  6. anthrac/o
    coal
  7. atel/o
    incomplete, imperfect
  8. coni/o
    dust
  9. orth/o
    straight
  10. pus in the pleural space
    empyema, a kind of pleural effusion
  11. in the pleural space: hydro- hemo- pneumo- pyopneumo
    • hydro: serum
    • hemo: blood
    • pneumo: air
    • pyopneumo: air and pus

    (all are kinds of pleural effusion)
  12. cold (upper respiratory infex)
    coryza
  13. all material in the cell besides the nucleus
    cytoplasm
  14. mucus, mucous, mucosa
    • mucus: secretion
    • mucous: kind of membrane
    • mucosa: kind of tissue
  15. wall dividing 2 cavities
    septum
  16. what do blood vessels transport, that isn't blood?
    gases
  17. the throat is a passageway for (2)
    food and air
  18. these tonsils are the ones usually referred to as 'tonsils'
    palatine tonsils
  19. pharyngeal tonsils
    adenoids
  20. leaf shaped structure seals off air passage to lungs while swallowing
    • epiglottis.
    • this makes sure food doesn't disrupt air.
  21. trachea divides into 2 branches called
    bronchi
  22. exchange of gases
    • CO2 from blood to alveoli
    • O2 from alveoli to blood
  23. carbon dioxide goes
    from the blood to the alveoli
  24. oxygen goes
    from the alveoli to the blood
  25. after carbon dioxide goes from the blood to the alv, AND the oxygen goes from the alv to the blood, what happens to freshly oxygenated blood?
    it goes to the heart.
  26. how many lobes in the right lung?
    3
  27. how many lobes in the left lung?
    2
  28. pleura
    membrane around the lungs
  29. visceral pleura
    the inside of the pleura, next to the lung
  30. parietal pleura
    the outside of the pleura, in the cavity
  31. lob/o
    lobe
  32. steth/o
    chest
  33. phren/o
    diaphragm
  34. spir/o
    breathe
  35. -phonia
    voice
  36. -ptysis
    spitting
  37. resp dz is hard to treat. often starts out ___ and becomes ___
    starts out acute and becomes chronic
  38. inflamed airways, excessive mucus
    chronic bronchitis
  39. distended alveoli and bronchioles
    emphysema
  40. narrowed airways, extra mucus
    asthma
  41. paroxysmal
    violent
  42. when alveoli expand it's also called
    dilate
  43. easier to breathe when standing up?
    orthopnea (emphysema)
  44. any abnormal fluid in the pleural cavity is called a
    pleural effusion (normally only contains a little fluid)
  45. different types of pleural effusion
    all the -thorax (hemo pneumo hydro)
  46. listening to chest with a stethoscope
    auscultation
  47. RDS
    respiratory distress syndrome
  48. too much acid, holding on to too much CO2
    acidosis
  49. insufficient oxygen (technically, pulse)
    asphyxia
  50. ease lung tissue can be stretched
    compliance
  51. what is important about epiglottitis?
    it is life threatening
  52. finger clubbing
    enlargement of terminal phalanges, associated with pulmonary dz
  53. hypoxemia (anoxemia) vs hypoxia (anoxia)
    -oxemia: not enough oxygen in blood

    -oxia: not enough oxygen in tissues
  54. stabbing pain, inflammation of pleural membrane
    pleurisy
  55. breath sound that resembles snoring, suggestss secretions in the larger airways
    rhonchus (is it snoring?!)
  56. high pitched harsh sound
    stridor (caused by spasm or swelling of larynx, or obstruction)
  57. whistling or sighing sound on auscultation
    wheeze
  58. Mantoux test does NOT differentiate between
    active or inactive infection
  59. which part of the pleura is usually taken out in a pleurectomy?
    parietal

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