Card Set Information
any type of nodular, inflammatory lesion
severe prolonged asthma attack, doesn't respond to treatment
status asthmaticus. this is the name when bronchospasms are not reversed by usual measures
lipoprotein decreases surface tension of alveoli
the 3 pharynx...in order
space between right and left lungs (holds heart, esophagus, aorta, bronchi)
pus in the pleural space
empyema, a kind of pleural effusion
in the pleural space: hydro- hemo- pneumo- pyopneumo
: air and pus
(all are kinds of pleural effusion)
cold (upper respiratory infex)
all material in the cell besides the nucleus
mucus, mucous, mucosa
: kind of membrane
: kind of tissue
wall dividing 2 cavities
what do blood vessels transport, that isn't blood?
the throat is a passageway for (2)
food and air
these tonsils are the ones usually referred to as 'tonsils'
leaf shaped structure seals off air passage to lungs while swallowing
this makes sure food doesn't disrupt air.
trachea divides into 2 branches called
exchange of gases
CO2 from blood to alveoli
O2 from alveoli to blood
carbon dioxide goes
from the blood to the alveoli
from the alveoli to the blood
after carbon dioxide goes from the blood to the alv, AND the oxygen goes from the alv to the blood, what happens to freshly oxygenated blood?
it goes to the heart.
how many lobes in the right lung?
how many lobes in the left lung?
membrane around the lungs
the inside of the pleura, next to the lung
the outside of the pleura, in the cavity
resp dz is hard to treat. often starts out ___ and becomes ___
starts out acute and becomes chronic
inflamed airways, excessive mucus
distended alveoli and bronchioles
narrowed airways, extra mucus
when alveoli expand it's also called
easier to breathe when standing up?
any abnormal fluid in the pleural cavity is called a
pleural effusion (normally only contains a little fluid)
different types of pleural effusion
all the -thorax (hemo pneumo hydro)
listening to chest with a stethoscope
respiratory distress syndrome
too much acid, holding on to too much CO2
insufficient oxygen (technically, pulse)
ease lung tissue can be stretched
what is important about epiglottitis?
it is life threatening
enlargement of terminal phalanges, associated with pulmonary dz
hypoxemia (anoxemia) vs hypoxia (anoxia)
-oxemia: not enough oxygen in blood
-oxia: not enough oxygen in tissues
stabbing pain, inflammation of pleural membrane
breath sound that resembles snoring, suggestss secretions in the larger airways
rhonchus (is it snoring?!)
high pitched harsh sound
stridor (caused by spasm or swelling of larynx, or obstruction)
whistling or sighing sound on auscultation
Mantoux test does NOT differentiate between
active or inactive infection
which part of the pleura is usually taken out in a pleurectomy?