Med Term Final

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justinjuel1234
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Med Term Final
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2010-11-24 13:47:17
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Med Term
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  1. Claudication
    Cramps in the calves caused by poor circulation
  2. Endocarditis
    Inflammation of the endocardium and heart valves from lesions
  3. Nitrates
    Vasodialtor drugs that relievs angina
  4. Angina Pectoris
    Chest pain, followed by SOB
  5. TMR
    • Transmyocardial revascularation
    • Relieving angina pain with a laser
  6. Bronchitis
    Inflammation of the Bronchi
  7. Antihistamines
    Block histamine receptors to manage allergies
  8. Pulmonary Function Test
    Procedure to check if o2 and co2 are being exchanged correctly
  9. Sweat Test
    • Evaluation of sodium and chloride concentration in sweat
    • Check for cystis fibrous
  10. ABG
    • Arterial Blood Gas
    • Blood test that checks the amount of o2 and co2 in blood
  11. Pulmonary edema
    • Accumulation of fluid in the lungs
    • Present with CHF
  12. Tuberculosis
    Chronic infectious disease caused by an acid-fast bacillus
  13. Influenza
    • Flu- acute infections disease of the respirtory tract
    • Avian Flu
    • Type A influenza virus
  14. Ceberal Antiogram
    xray of the ceberal arteries/interal cartouds when medium is injected
  15. Paraplegia
    Paralysis of the lower limbs and trunk
  16. Cerebrovascular accident
    ischemia of ceberal tissue due to occulsion/thrombus/embolus/hemorrhage/stroke
  17. Epilepsy
    Disorder characterized by seizures/sensory disturbances/behavior/loss of consciousness
  18. Shingles
    • Acute infection caused by the lalent varicella zoster virus
    • Chicken Pox
  19. Amyotropic Lateral Sclerosis
    • Lou Gehrig Disease
    • Degentrative, fatal disease
    • Muscle weakness and atrophy
  20. Syncope
    Fainting, loss of consciouness
  21. Concussion
    Head injury characterized by loss of consciouness/amnesia/seizures/changes in mental status
  22. Myelomeningocele
    Birth defect where backbone/spinal canal doesnt close after birth
  23. Romberg Signs
    When eyes are closed, loss of proprioceptive control/unsteadiness
  24. Paresthesias
    Feeling of prickling, burning, or numbness
  25. Ipsilateral
    Pretaining to the same side
  26. Languages that medical terms come from?
    Greek and Latin
  27. Dys-
    Abnormal nourishment
  28. -plasty
    surgical repair
  29. -pathy
    disease process
  30. Hepat/o
    Liver
  31. Gastritis
    Acute/chronic inflammation of stomach
  32. Cystoscopy
    Visual exam of the urinary bladder with a cystoscope
  33. Biopsy
    Removal of a piece of tissue for microscopic study
  34. Tachycardia
    Rapid heart beat, more than 100 bpm
  35. MI
    • Myocardial Infarction
    • Heart attach, death of cardiac tissue, by block arteries
  36. MIDCAB
    • Minimally Invasive Direct Cornory Artery Bypass
    • Procedure done while heart is still beating
  37. CHF
    • Congential Heart Failure
    • Inability if heart to pump blood effiecently, overload
  38. Cardiac Pacemaker
    Device that helps the heart beat in regular rythem
  39. Cardiac Enzyme Test
    Blood test to check amounts of enzymes released during a MI
  40. Echocardiography
    Ultrasonic waves directed through heart to study structure and motion
  41. Diuretics
    Drugs used in treatment of hypertension and CHF
  42. Arteriosclerosis
    Arterial walls thicken, loose elaciticity, w/o presence of athromas
  43. Supine Position
    Laying on one's back
  44. Contralateral
    Pretaining to the oppisite side
  45. Sinistrocardia
    Displacement of the heart to the left
  46. Bilateral
    Pretaining to two sides
  47. Gastroscopy
    Use of an endoscope to exam stomach
  48. Muscular Dystrophy
    Disorder characterized by inherited progessive aptrophy of sketal muscle
  49. Syndactyly
    • Condition of joining of toes and fingers
    • Webbed
  50. Talipes
    • Clubfoot
    • Abnormal twisting of foot
  51. Colles
    Fracture at the distal end of the radius at the epiphysis
  52. Dyphagia
    Difficulty swallowing
  53. Palatoplasty
    Repair of cleft palate
  54. Proctodynia
    Pain in the ASS
  55. Choledochotomy
    Incision in the bile duct
  56. Hematochezia
    Blood in the stool
  57. Leukoplakia
    White patched in the oral cavity
  58. Achalasia
    Impairment of the esophageal peristalsis along with the LES cant relax
  59. Peptic Ulcer Disease
    Erosion of the protective muscous lining of the stomach/duodenum
  60. Chrohns Disease
    Inflammation of the ileum of the colon
  61. Intussusception
    Inward telescoping of the intestines
  62. Polyp
    Benign growth that may occur in the intestines
  63. Manometry
    Test of the motor function of the esophagus
  64. Cholecystography
    Exam of the gallbladder functions with the use of dye
  65. Stool Guaiac
    Fecal exam to check for blood
  66. -uria
    Urinary condition
  67. Albuminuria
    • Proteinuria
    • Albumin/protein in the urine
  68. Hematuria
    Blood in the urine
  69. Urinary Incontinence
    Inability to hold urine
  70. Edema
    Accumulation of fluid in the tissues, resulting of kidney failure, CHF
  71. Polydipsia
    Condition of excessive thirst, accompanied by polyuria
  72. Pyuria
    Puss in the urine
  73. UTI
    • Urinary Tract Infection
    • Infection anywhere in the urinary system
  74. Polycystic Kidney Disease
    Inherited disease charaterized by enlarged kidneys
  75. Nephroptosis
    Prolapse or sagging of the kidney
  76. Nephrosclerosis
    Reneal sclerosis, hardening of the arteries of the kideny
  77. Cystocele
    Herination of the urinary bladder
  78. Hydronephrosis
    Dilation of the renal pelvis and calcies on the kidneys
  79. Dialysis Procedures
    • CAPD - Continous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis
    • Indwelling cathader
    • HD - Hemodialysis
    • Shunting blood with a machine
  80. Renal Hypertension
    High blood pressure secondary to kidney disease
  81. Urethral Stricture
    Urtheral stenosis, narrowing of th urethera
  82. Vesicouretreal Reflux
    Abnormal backflow of urine from the bladder to the urter
  83. Bilirubin on the UA
    Presence may indicate liver disease or biliary obstruction
  84. BUN
    • Blood Urea Nitrogen
    • Blood test that measure the amount of nitrogenous waste in the circulatory system
  85. ORIF
    Open Reduction Interal Fixation
  86. Stenosis
    Narrowing
  87. TKR
    • Total Knee Replacment
    • Replacement of the entire knee joint
  88. DEXA
    • Dual Energy X Ray
    • Measures the density of bones
  89. Fibromyalgia
    Disorder characterized by musclosketal pain/fatigue/muscle stiffness and spasms/sleep disturbances
  90. Scoliosis
    Lateral S curve of the spine, causes height loss
  91. Osteoarthritis
    • Joint Disease
    • Wear and tear on the joints
  92. CTS
    • Carpel Tunnel Syndrome
    • Compression injury of the median nerve at the wrist
  93. Ostomalacia
    Softening of the bone caused by loss of minerals (adults)
  94. Osteoporosis
    Loss of bone mass, bones fragile at risk for fractures
  95. Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Inflammatory Joint Disease
    • Autoimmune
    • Younger population
  96. Rickets
    Softening of bone caused by loss of minerals (kids)
  97. Adenoid/o
    Adenoid
  98. Pneum/o
    Aer/o
    Air
  99. Alveol/o
    Aveolus
  100. Bronch/o
    Bronchi/o
    Bronchus
  101. Capn/o
    Carbon Dixoide
  102. Steth/o
    Thorac/o
    Pector/o
    Chest
  103. Diaphragm/o
    Diaphragmat/o
    Phren/o
    Diaphragm
  104. Salping/o
    Eusachian Tube
  105. Laryg/o
    Larynx
  106. lob/o
    lobul/o
    Lobe
  107. Pulmon/o
    Pneumon/o
    Pneum/o
    Lung
  108. Mediastino/o
    Medianstinum
  109. Or/o
    Stomat/o
    Mouth
  110. nas/o
    Rhin/o
    Nose
  111. Ox/i
    Ox/o
    Oxygen
  112. Pharyng/o
    Pharynx
  113. Pleur/o
    Pluera
  114. Cost/o
    Rib
  115. Sept/o
    Septum/wall
  116. Sinus/o
    Sin/o
    Sinus
  117. Spir/o
    hal/o
    To Breathe
  118. Tonsil/o
    Tonsil
  119. Trache/o
    Trachea
  120. Viscer/o
    Viscera
  121. Partiet/o
    Wall

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