Intro to Virginia Studies Part 2
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Virginia'a Indians are referred to as Eastern Woodland Indians
- Environmental Connections:
- The kinds of food they ate, the clothing they wore, and the shelters they had depended upon the seasons.
- • Foods changed with the seasons.
- In winter, they hunted birds and animals and lived on stored foods from the previous fall.
- In spring, they hunted, fished and picked berries.
- In summer, they grew crops (beans, corn, squash).
- In fall, they harvested crops and hunted for foods to preserve and keep for the winter.
- • Animal skins (deerskin) were used for clothing.
- • Shelter was made from materials around them.
Climate in Virginia
- *The climate in Virginia is relatively mild with distinct seasons—spring, summer, fall, and winter—resulting in a variety of vegetation.
- *Forests, which have a variety of trees, cover most of the land. Virginia’s Indians are referred to as Eastern Woodland Indians.
What were the reasons for English colonization in America?
Some European countries, including England, were in competition to increase their wealth and power by expanding their empires to America.
- England wanted to establish an American colony to increase her wealth and power.
- • England hoped to find silver and gold in America.
- • An American settlement would furnish raw materials that could not be grown or obtained in England, while opening new markets for trade.
What were the reasons why the Jamestown settlers came to America?
- The first permanent English settlement in America was Jamestown, founded in 1607 as an economic venture.Jamestown
- Jamestown was primarily an economic venture.
- The stockholders of the Virginia Company of London financed the settlement of Jamestown.
- Jamestown became the first permanent English settlement in North America in 1607.
Where is Jamestown located?
When the settlers arrived in 1607, Jamestown was located on a narrow peninsula bordered on three sides by the James River.Today, Jamestown is located on an island in the James River. Location and physical characteristics influenced the decision to settle at Jamestown.
Why did the settlers choose the site at Jamestown?
- Reasons for site choice:
- The location could be easily defended from attack by sea (Spanish).
- The water along the shore was deep enough for ships to dock.
- They believed they had a good supply of fresh water.
What was the importance of the charters of the Virginia Company of London to the Jamestown settlement?
- Importance of Virginia charters
- The King of England granted charters to the Virginia Company of London to:
- -establish a settlement in North America, and
- -extend English rights to the settlers.
America's first Government System (1619)-What was it called.
In 1619, the governor of Virginia called a meeting of the General Assembly. The Assembly included two citizen representatives (called “burgesses”) from each of the divisions of Virginia along with the governor’s council, and the governor. They met as one legislative body. ( At that time, only certain free adult men had a right to take part.)
What was the Virginia House of Burgesses, and why was it important?
By the 1640s, the burgesses became a separate legislative body, called the Virginia House of Burgesses. They met separately from the Governor’s Council as one of the two legislative bodies of the General Assembly.
Why was the Virginia House of Burgesss important?
The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative body in America giving settlers the opportunity to control their own government
It became the General Assembly of Virginia, which continues to this day
What hardships did the Jamestown settlers face?
- The English settlers found life in Jamestown harder than they had expected.Hardships faced by the settlers
- • The site they chose to live on was marshy and lacked safe drinking water.
- • The settlers lacked some skills necessary to provide for themselves.
- • Many settlers died of starvation and disease.
What changes took place that resulted in survival of the settlers?
- Changes that resulted in survival:
- The arrival of two supply ships,
- The forced work program and strong leadership of Captain John Smith, and
- The emphasis on self-sustaining agriculture ensured resulted in the survival of the colony.
What was the impact of the arrival of additional women on the Jamestown settlement?
The arrival of women in 1620 made it possible for the settlers to establish families and a more permanent settlement at Jamestown.
What was the impact of the arrival of Africans on the Jamestown settlement?
- Africans arrived in Jamestown against their will in 1619. It is believed that they arrived as baptized Christians and therefore were labeled indentured servants for a period of 5 to 7 years.
- Portuguese sailors captured African men and women from what is present-day Angola. The status of these early African men and women as either servants or slaves in Virginia is unknown.
- The arrival of Africans made it possible to expand the tobacco economy.
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