MedTerms CH. 14

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VASUpharm14
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51660
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MedTerms CH. 14
Updated:
2010-11-29 10:22:38
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im too cool
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The Endocrine System (THE LAST QUIZ) :D
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  1. endo crine system
    • endo- = inside
    • -crine = secrete
    • coordinates with the nervous system to regulate body activities
    • ductless
  2. dysfunctions in hormone production are either a deficiency or an excess
    • dys- = bad
    • deficiency = hyposecretion
    • excess = hypersecretion
  3. exo crine
    • exo- = outside
    • -crine = secrete
    • has ducts
  4. pituitary gland
    • aka hypophysis
    • hypo- = below
    • -physis = growth
  5. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    aden/o
    gland
  6. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    adren/o
    adrenal glands
  7. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    andr/o
    male or masculine
  8. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    gigant/o
    giant
  9. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    gonad/o
    gonad
  10. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    insulin/o
    insulin
  11. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    iod/o
    iodine
  12. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    myx/o
    mucus
  13. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    pancreat/o
    pancreas
  14. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    parathyroid/o
    parathyroids
  15. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    ren/o
    kidney
  16. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    thyr/o, thyroid/o
    thyroid gland
  17. context: the endocrine system -combining forms
    toxic/o
    poison
  18. context: the endocrine system -suffixes
    -gen
    beginning, origin
  19. context: the endocrine system -suffixes
    -physis
    growth
  20. context: the endocrine system -suffixes
    -tropic
    stimulate
  21. context: the endocrine system -suffixes
    -tropin
    that which stimulates
  22. context: the endocrine system -suffixes
    -uria
    urine, urination
  23. hyperthyroidism
    • hyper = excessive
    • thyroid = thyroid gland
    • ism = condition
    • abnormally increased activity of the thyroid
  24. ex ophthalmos
    • protrusion of the eyeballs
    • -Edema in orbital tissue
  25. goiter
    enlarged thyroid gland that is usually evident as a pronounced swelling in the neck
  26. hypo thyroid ism
    • hypo = under
    • thyroid = thyroid gland
    • ism = condition
    • decreased activity of the thyroid
  27. acromegaly
    • acr/o = extremity
    • -megaly = enlarged
    • a disorder in which there is abnormal enlargement of the extremities of the skeleton - nose, jaws, fingers, and toes- caused by hypersecretion of growth hormone after maturity
  28. adenoma
    • aden/o = gland
    • -oma = tumor
    • tumor of a gland
  29. adrenaline
    epinephrine, a hormone produced by the adrenals
  30. androgen
    • andr/o = masculine
    • -gen = origin
    • a substance, such as testosterone, that produces or stimulates the development of male sex characteristics. Testosterone is made in the testes.
  31. cortisone
    a hormone made by the adrenal glands that is important in the regulation of body metabolism. This hormone is also used as an antiiflammatory agent
  32. cretinism
    a condition caused by congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion and marked by arrested physical and mental development
  33. dwarfism
    a disease cause by hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood; it causes a person to be much smaller than normal size
  34. estrogen
    the female sex hormones, including estradiol and estrone. During the menstrual cycle, estrogens act on the female genitalia to produce an environment suitable for the fertilization, implantation, and nutrition of the early embryos. Estrogen is made primarily by the ovaries.
  35. euthyroid
    • eu- = normal
    • normal thyroid function
  36. gigantism
    • gigant/o = large
    • -ism = condition
    • a condition in which a person reaches an abnormal stature; it results from hypersecretion of growth hormone during childhood. Compare dwarfism and gigantism
  37. growth hormone
    a pituitary hormone that regulates the rate of growth
  38. hyperinsulinism
    excessive secretion of insulin by the pancreas, which causes hypoglycemia
  39. hyperparathyroidism
    increased activity of the parathyroid glands
  40. hypoglycemia
    • hypo- = decreased
    • abnormally low blood sugar
  41. hypoparathyroidism
    decreased activity of the parathyroid glands
  42. myxedema
    • myx/o = mucus
    • -edema = swelling
    • a condition resulting from hypofunction of the thyroid gland. It is characterized by a dry, waxy swelling of the skin.
  43. thyrotoxicosis
    • thyr/o = thyroid
    • toxic/o = poison
    • -osis = condition
    • a morbid condition caused by excessive thyroid secretion
  44. thyroxine
    an iodine-containing hormone secreted by the thyroid gland; its chief function is to increase cell metabolism

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