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2010-12-04 11:06:12

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  1. cyclosporine (Sandimmune)

    side effect
    immunosuppressant; used for organ transplant to prevent rejection

    tremor, nephtrotoxicity, inf, htn, hirsutism
  2. mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept)

    adver effect

    how to adminiter
    immunosuppresant to prevnet organ rejection

    adverse effect: unusual bleeding, bruising, sorethroat, mouth sores, abd pain, fever

    with empty stomach
  3. Epoetin alfa (Epogen)

    adverse effect
    increase hct

    htn, tachycardia
  4. antidote for cholinergic overdose
    atropine sulfate
  5. antidote for coumadin
    vit K
  6. nalidixic acid (NegGram)

    cautious with what disease
    used for acute and chronic UTIs, especially with gram-negative bacterial inf.

    cautious for pt with hx of seizures
  7. bethanechol chloride (Urecholine)

    cautious with what condition
    for urinary retention

    urinary strictures; urinary tract obstruction or weakness of bladder wall
  8. anticholinegic agent
    for myasthenia gravis
  9. cholinergic crisis indication
    htn, GI disturbances, n/v, diarrhea, abd cramps, increased salivation and tearing, miosis, sweating, increased bronchial secretions
  10. antidote for heparin
    protamine sulfate
  11. antidote for acetaminophen

    how to administer
    acetylcysteine (Mucomyst)

    mix med in flavored ice drink and allow pt to drink fr straw bec of pervasive odor of rotten eggs.
  12. to determine if pt is having cholinergic crisis edrophonium (Tensilon) is used
    - what would indicate that the pt is in cholinergic crisis after the administration
    a temporary worsening of the condition (mysthenia gravis)
  13. levadopa (Dopar)

    adverse effect
    for parkinson's disease

    adverse effect: impaired "voluntary movements; nausea, anorexia, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension, bradycardia, akinesia
  14. iron should be taken with what
    vit c to increase absorption (orange juice0
  15. ibuprofen (motrin)

    should be taken with what

    given with milk or food to rpevent GI irritation
  16. meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol)

    side effect

    respiratory depression, urinary retention, tachycardia, orthostatic hypotension, mental clouding, constipation
  17. Baclofen (Lioresal)

    adverse effect
    • skeletal muscle relaxant and cns depressant
    • decreases muscle spasms in pt with spinal cord injuries or disease such as multiple sclerosis

    drowsiness; dizziness, weakness, fatigue, nausea, constipation, urinary retention
  18. dantrolene sodium (Dantrium)

    adverse effect
    acts directly on skeletal muscle to relieve muscle spasticity

    adverse effect: hepatotoxic
  19. cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)

    caution with what disorder
    treat muscle spasms

    glaucoma bec of med's anticholinergic effect, ICP
  20. alendronate (Fosamax)

    how to administer
    for osteoporosis

    take with full glass of water upon rising in the morning. take with empty stomach. pt should not eat or drink anything for 30 minutes following administration
  21. allopurinol (Zyloprim)

    how to administer

    when is the therapeutic effect
    for treatment of gout

    give with meals or milk to prevent GI irritation

    1 wk or longer
  22. clozapien (Clozaril )

    what lab should be monitored
    treatment of schizophrenia

    wbc bec this can cause milk leukopenia
  23. disulfiram (Antabuse)

    what to know before initial administration
    treatment for chronic alcoholism

    pt must abstain from alcohol intake for at least 12 hrs before the initial does of the med is administred.
  24. hydrochloride (Aricept)
    cholinergic agent used to treat mild to moderate dementof the Alzheimer type
  25. fluoxetine (Prozac)

    when to administer

    adverse effect
    mood stabilizer

    adminsiter early morning without consideration to meal

    adverse effects: CNS and GI system dysfunction; causing n/v, cramping, and diarrhea
  26. buspirone (BuSpar)

    adverse effect
    for treatment of anxiety and aggression

    adverse effect: dizziness, headache, nausea, nervousness, lightheadedness, and excitement
  27. simethicone (Mylicon)
    antiflatulent to relief pain caused by excessive gas in teh GI tract
  28. Droeridol (Inapsine)
    used to treat postoperative n/v
  29. Magnesium hydroxide (milk of magnesia)
    antacid and laxative
  30. NPH is what type of insulin

    action hrs


    intermediate-acting insulin

    action is 1-2 1/2 hrs

    peak 4-12 hrs

    duration 24 hrs
  31. when would hypoglycemic reactions likely occur when giving insulin
    during peak time
  32. HCTZ is what type of diuretic
  33. triamterene (Dyrenium)
    K-sparing diuretic
  34. what is the length of usual prescribed course of Isotretinoin (Accutane) for acne treatment
    15-20 wks
  35. sutilains (Travase)
    for ulcer
  36. coal tar will be prescribed for
  37. Lindane

    how to used
    for scabies

    applied in a thin layer to the entire body below the head. removed by washing 8-12 hrs later. only application is required
  38. why would codeine sulfate be used for pt after craniotomy for pain
    bec this does not alter respirations or mask neurological sign as do other opioids
  39. when using tensilon to determine if pt is having myasthenic crisis what would the result be
    a temporary improvement in the condition
  40. Mannitol (osmitrol)
    if ICP
  41. colchicine
    for gout
  42. Carisoprodol (Rela)
    relieve of muscle spasms
  43. haloperidol (Haldol)

    adverse effects

    adverse effect: drowsiness, lethargy, excessive salivation, a fixed stare
  44. clomipramine (Anafranil)

    adverse effect
    for Obsessive-compulsive disorder

    adverse effect: wt gain, tachycardia and sedatioin
  45. tricyclic antidepressant side effect
    dry mouth
  46. benztropine (Cogentin)

    adverse effect
    for Parkinson's disease

    adverse effect: dry mouth, constipation,nausea , ileus
  47. clonazepam (Klonopin)

    expected effect

    expected effect: drowsiness, unsteadiness, clumsiness are all expected outcome
  48. valproic acid (Depakene)

    how to administer
    anticonvulsant, antimanic, and antimigraine med.

    administer with or w/o food. and taken AT THE SAME TIME EACH DAY to maintain therapeutic serum levels
  49. carbamazepine (Tegretol)

    side effect

    side effect: photosensitivity reactions, dry mouth
  50. ergotamine (Ergostat)

    side effect
    for migraine

    side effect: caused vasoconstriction; htn, cool, numb fingers and toes, muscle pain and n/v
  51. trihexyphenidyl (Artane)

    adverse effect
    Parkinson's disease

    may cause urinary hesitancy and retention, constipation, dry mouth, and decreased sweating
  52. amantadine (Symmetrel)

    expected effect:
    antiparkinson agent

    expect decrease in akinesa and rigidity
  53. phenytoin (Dilantin)

    monitor what lab

    what to be cautious about

    monitor CBC bec of hematolical side effect of med including aplastic anemia, agranulocytis, leuopenia, and thrombocytopenia

  54. genfibrozil (Lopid)
    lipid-lowering agent
  55. bumetanide (Bumex)
    loop diuretic
  56. tirofiban (aggrastat)
    antiplatelet and antithrombotic med
  57. efavirenz (Sustiva)

    when to take
    antiviral for HIV

    at bedtime bec it causes CNS side effec the first 2-4 wks of therapy
  58. rifampin (Rifadin)
    for TB treatment
  59. methylergonovine (Methergine)

    adverse effects
    • treats postpartum hemorrhage
    • an ergot alkaloids (vasoconstrics)
    • causes uterus to contract and control excessive blood loss


    should be avoided for pt with cardio disease, peripheral vascular disease, htn, eclampsia, preeclampsia, bec conditions are worsened by vasocontrictive effect.
  60. drug to treat metabolic alkalosis
    acetazolamide (Diamox) ; a diuretic..causes excretion of Na, K, and bicarbonate and water by inhibiting the actin of carbnic anhydrase
  61. potassium wasting diuretics
    • Bumetanide (Bumex) - loop diuretic
    • Lasix
  62. potassium sparing diuretics
    • spironolactone (Aldactone)
    • Triamterene (Dyrenium)
  63. prochlorperazine (compazine)